Baby toad food
General Toad Care - Four Seasons Animal Hospital
Congratulations on welcoming a new toad to your family. We here at Four Seasons Animal Hospital want to help you with your new friend, starting with the basics…
Size & Life Span
Depending on the species of toad:
Average adult size: 2 to 6 inches
Average life span: up to 10+ years
A well-balanced toad diet includes recently fed crickets, waxworms, and mealworms. Your toad’s age will determine how often you feed him. If you have a young juvenile toad, you should feed him everyday. If you have an adult toad you should plan to feed him two to three times a week. You should give your toad four to six standard-sized food items (standard being the size of a cricket) when you feed him. Toads will recognize a routine. Try to feed your toad at the same time every feeding day. Only feed your toad store-bought crickets. Crickets caught in the wild could be carrying parasites that will make your toad sick. Food items should be sprinkled with a calcium supplement at every feeding and multi-vitamin supplement once or twice a week. Most toads will eat their food within 15 minutes. Wait at least 15 minutes and then remove any uneaten food to prevent food rot.
Cage Size & Design
You will need to purchase a ten gallon tank for one or two toads.
Substrate is ground covering that is specifically made for terrariums. Apply at least three inches of substrate down on the floor of your terrarium to allow your toad to burrow when he feels like hiding. The type of substrate will depend on your specific type of toad. In general ‘frog moss’, which is sold at pet stores, makes for good covering, as does additive-free potting or topsoil purchased at a garden store. Pulverized coconut fiber is also an excellent form of substrate. Never use artificial turf or gravel, as these ground coverings are too harsh for your toad’s delicate skin.
Keep your toad’s tank between 65-82°F
Humidity & Water
Your toad should always have a bathing pool. You can make one in a couple steps: (1) buy a shallow plastic bowl, (2) make a hole in the substrate so that the bowl’s mouth is level with the rest of the substrate on the floor of the terrarium (3) put a sturdy plank of some kind into the bowl so that your toad can get in and out of the water easily as toads a relatively poor swimmers. The pool should be roughly half the toad’s height and four times as long as your toad. It is very important that the water you use to fill the pool is dechlorinated– toads can die if given chlorinated water.
Potential dechlorinated water sources include:
● Aged water: Allow chlorinated water to sit in an open container for 24-48 hours so chlorine can dissipate.
● Bottled spring water
● Filtered tap water: run through a sediment and activated charcoal filter
Maintain humidity over 60% by misting the tank as needed every day.
Toads should have roughly 12 hours of ‘sunlight’ each day. Use a daylight lamp or a low UV level lamp, but only you have provided your toad with hiding places (so he can get away from the light if he wishes to). If you want to be able to see your toad at night, you can install a red lamp to light up his home at night. Toads are most active at night. Toads can’t see red light, so they will think they are moving around in the dark but you will still be able to see them.
You should generally not put more than three toads together in a tank, as many toads can become aggressive. Never house different kinds of toads together.
Amphibian skin is very sensitive so handle toads as little as possible. Always wear gloves when handling your frog as oils or residue on your skin can harm your toad.
Please do not take a toad from the wild. Wild animals should not be taken from their home in the wilderness and should be left alone in their natural habitat.
What do Baby Toads Eat in the Wild and as Pets?
For years, many people mistakenly believed that touching a toad would cause you to grow warts! We know that’s not true, but toads have never received the same love that frogs get. Have you ever heard of a princess kissing a toad? Didn’t think so. Still, their popularity is growing, and people are starting to keep these carnivorous amphibians as pets.
If you’re planning to get a baby toad, you’ll need to figure out how and what to feed it. There are some differences in a baby toad’s diet if they’re in captivity versus the wild. But there are also some notable similarities. Starting at tadpoles, we’re going to discuss the main foods that toads will eat in the wild and in captivity, so you can be sure to feed your toad the proper diet.
What do Tadpoles Eat?
Toads are hatched from eggs, but they don’t come out with legs. Rather, they’re born as tadpoles. They don’t even have air-breathing lungs yet, so they’re stuck in the water until they mature.
When a tadpole is first born, it will eat the remaining yolk in its egg. After that, the little tadpole will rely mostly on plant matter to sustain itself. This means eating algae and little floating plant particles. However, if there’s not enough plant matter for the tadpole, it might turn to cannibalism. While this is uncommon, it’s far from unheard of.
- Yolk in their egg sack
- Plant matter
- Other tadpoles
What do Baby Toads Eat in the Wild?
In the wild, a toad is going to eat a diverse array of food. They have varied diets and are open to eating pretty much anything that comes along that will fit in their mouth. Remember, toads are carnivorous, so they strictly eat living creatures. For baby toads, those creatures are very small.
Any type of crawling insect or bug is a great meal for a toad in the wild. They’ll munch on small crickets and grasshoppers, which will increase in size as the toad does. Even small mice are fair game for a toad, though they tend to eat these more once they reach maturity.
Worms of all kinds are delicacies. Mealworms and earthworms are common cuisine for these four-legged amphibians. As the toad gets larger, bigger meals also become available. Snails, slugs, and locusts will all be eaten if they stray too near to a large enough toad. Centipedes and flies aren’t safe either.
- Small mice
What do Baby Toad Pets Eat?
For toads in captivity, nutrition looks pretty similar to that of wild toads. However, there are some foods that pet toads are unlikely to eat. For example, centipedes and locusts might be common meals for a wild toad, but you’ll have a hard time purchasing feeder centipedes from the local pet store!
You never want to feed a pet toad something that you caught in the wild. Though these insects are on their meal list, wild-caught specimens are liable to have bacteria, diseases, and more that can negatively affect your toad’s health. Even if it’s a food your toad eats all the time, such as crickets, you’ll want to stick to store-bought crickets and never feed your pet toad crickets that you caught.
You might notice that some of the insects on this list are different from what wild toads eat. A lot of that comes down to what’s available. Since you have to get sterile insects that haven’t been out in the world, only insects that are grown as feeders are appropriate.Image Credit: pixel2013, Pixabay
- Grain moths
- Small crickets
- Pinhead crickets
- Small earthworms
- Fruit flies
- Leaf rollers
How to Feed Your Pet Toad
You have to be aware that juvenile toads eat their food whole. If you provide prey that’s too large, they’re likely to choke. Ensure that the insects you choose are no larger than the width of your toad’s head.Gut Loading
Also, make sure to gut feed the insects you’re going to provide for your toad. Gut feeding is the process of loading the insects up with nutrients by allowing them to feed on fruits and vegetables before giving them to your toad. This ensures that your toad is getting as diverse of a nutrient intake as possible.Image Credit: CassidyMarshall, PixabayBuy from Reputable Sources
Though you want to make sure to purchase all of your feeder insects from reputable sources, you will have plenty of choices to pick from. And you should feed as many of these to your toad as possible. It’s a good idea to feed them different foods each day. For instance, you might feed your toad earthworms on Monday, crickets on Tuesday, Aphids on Wednesday, and so on.Establish a Routine
Another good habit is feeding your toad at the same time every evening. Keep in mind that toads are nocturnal, so feeding shouldn’t be done during the day. Captive toads do best on a feeding schedule since they recognize routine. Your toad will be healthiest if you feed it at the same time each night; around nine o’clock.
One more good rule of thumb is to only feed your toad for 15 minutes. Put the insects into your toad’s cage and let it go to town. But after 15 minutes, remove anything that hasn’t been eaten. This prevents overfeeding and ensures that dead insects don’t rot in your toad’s environment.
- Related Read: What Do Tadpoles Eat in the Wild and as Pets?
Things to Never Feed a Toad
While toads certainly need a diverse and varied diet, there are plenty of things that you should never feed a toad; wild or domestic. These foods can cause serious problems for any toad. Take salt or seasoning as an example. They can cause a toad to dry up and dehydrate, which could spell death.
You’ll also see that feeding meat to your toad is a terrible idea, even though toads are carnivorous. These animals only eat live meals though. They aren’t scavengers. You should take care to only feed your toad living insects, though you can also feed rodents when they’re large enough.
Make sure to never feed your toad any leftover human food. While this might be ok for dogs, it’s a terrible choice for toads and can lead to disastrous consequences.
- Expired Food
Toads have a pretty diverse palate. In the wild, they’ll eat pretty much anything of an edible size that comes along. Worms, bugs, centipedes, slugs, and more are all tempting choices for a wild toad. But toads in captivity need more structure and safer feeding. They haven’t been exposed to all the same bacteria and could get sick from eating wild-caught insects. As such, baby pet toads should only be fed feeder insects from reputable pet stores to ensure continuing health and longevity.
- Related Read:10 Best Pet Reptiles for Beginners (With Pictures)
Featured Image: ROverhate, Pixabay
Eating frogs and toads, dishes from frogs and toads, recipe
As for modern cooking, the legs of these frogs and toads are not so rare on more refined tables, especially in Europe, where they are an expensive delicacy.
Although many of the frogs and toads consumed by Europeans are grown here on the continent, in particular in Yugoslavia. More frozen ones come from Cuba and the United States, where the product has not yet become widespread, except perhaps in the southern states. There, nocturnal hunting for frogs and toads provides lovers with a key ingredient in stews. nine0003
They are not popular in the UK either. The venerable chef of London's Carlton Hotel, Auguste Escoffier, was able to offer frog legs as an appetizer to the Prince of Wales. Only by calling this dish cuisses de nymphes d'aurore - the legs of the nymphs of the dawn.
Why such disgust? Hard to say. Perhaps the point is the ridiculous appearance of frogs and toads, and the numerous jokes associated with them. Wet skin, without wool, feathers and scales, hypnotizing bulging eyes, a huge mouth, the ability to live both in water and on land, where they move mainly by jumping. And also a deep, "internal" voice make them too unusual to be appetizing. Although if we talk about appearance, then the chickens seem to me much more ridiculous creatures. nine0003
It is possible that the small size of these amphibians, comparable in size to songbirds, also plays a role. What causes inconvenience when cooking. Probably not promoting the product and Kermit the Frog from Sesame Street. Be that as it may, it is not easy to find the legs of frogs and toads in the supermarket. Only in specialized stores and in the form of canned food, which, like frog and toad meat dishes in a restaurant, are offered at a clearly overpriced price.
“The prejudice against frogs and salamanders as a source of food is due to their being cold and slippery, with the unattractiveness of their marshy, algae-covered habitats. With the expectation that they will "bear mud." nine0003
Calvin Schwab writes in his wonderful study of unusual foods called Forbidden Kitchen. I know from my own experience that these expectations are never met. That a man who has been able to suppress his disgust and ate even a piece of a frog's leg, or who has been forced to taste the meat of a frog, invariably admits that this food is superior in flavor and tenderness to the most successfully cooked chickens.
Another misunderstanding stems from a widespread misconception, supported by the French culinary encyclopedia Gastronomic Larousse, among others, that only the legs of frogs and toads are edible. Although they are indeed the most fleshy, in many parts of the world, frogs and toads are eaten whole with pleasure and without any harm to their health. As Lamai and her family do in Thailand during the monsoon season, when the frogs wake up from their winter hibernation and emerge from their dens in the dams separating the rice fields. nine0003
The French encyclopedia also emphasizes that the pretreatment of frog legs is not an easy task. First, the skin is removed from the frog, then the legs are cut off at the base so that they do not separate from each other. After removing the webbed feet (to hide the origin of the legs and make them look like small chicken legs?), the legs are soaked in cold water for 12 hours. At the same time changing it every 3-4 hours. As a result, the meat turns white and, saturated with water, swells.
Next, the legs are cooked in different ways. Marinated and fried on skewers, rolled in flour and fried in a pan, fried with onions in butter or made into a soup with shallots and sweet white wine. In the fashionable restaurants of Thailand, where the legs are sometimes referred to as rice chicken (supplied from rice farms in the north of the country), they are cooked in a wok with peppercorns, red chili, palm sugar, basil and galangal. In addition, they can be served in curry, tomato sauce. The meat separated from the bones should be included in the egg fritata. nine0003
Small frogs and toads are often battered and deep fried. Then they eat it whole, sometimes sprinkling with salt and sprinkling with vinegar. In most of Asia, Africa and Latin America (in total there are about 3,500 species of frogs and toads in the world, living almost everywhere, with the exception of the Arctic regions), all this is done easier and with less loss. Unlike Europe and North America, frogs and toads are not grown there, but are caught in flooded forests, swamps and rice fields. nine0003
Locals hunt at night with flashlights, guided by loud croaking. Amphibians mesmerized by the light are harvested with sharpened sticks, nets, or simply by hand. After that, they are taken home in baskets or bags and kept alive until the morning. The next day, the frogs are gutted and washed, strung on bamboo sticks, fried over an open fire and served with rice, sometimes hot sauce is added.
Frogs can be seen in street markets by dozens (hundreds?) jumping like crazy on large frying pans covered with wire mesh. And also suspended, like garlic heads or peppers, on a long rope or fried on the same bamboo skewers. Deep-fried frogs look like men in suits - haughty plutocrats? And almost magically disappear in the mouth like cotton candy. The legs are never separated from the body and nothing is thrown away. Everything is eaten, including bones. In one of my favorite restaurants in Bangkok, frog skins are fried in oil and served as crispy chips no thicker than a paper sheet. nine0003
Toads are different. If, at the mention of frogs, some wrinkle their noses, then at the hint of these relatives of them, many make terrible eyes. Speaking flatteringly about toads, you risk forever losing the favor of your interlocutors. Again, I think it's all about looks. If the frog is smooth and wet, then most toads are dry and dotted with warts. In addition, recently, a species found in the Sonoran Desert in the southwestern United States gained a bad reputation for secreting a secret that, when inhaled in a dried state, acts as a dangerous hallucinogen. nine0003
“He tastes like construction kit glue,” said one woman who “smelled the toad.” I took a few deep breaths and the dust entered my very lungs. Goosebumps instantly ran through my body. A minute later I was already on the ground and tossed about, as if in a fit. I could not control my actions, my body seemed not to belong to me. I couldn’t speak, I couldn’t do anything… It was amazing!”
Toads have shorter legs and therefore less meat. On the other hand, many types of toads are edible, and if instead of the recommended three or four pairs of frog legs per serving, you have to take five or six pairs of toads - well, that's fine too. There are no fundamental differences in the methods of preparation. Finally, a few words about toad wine. Almost all representatives of the insect and reptile world are used to flavor whiskey and wine, usually in the hope that the combination of these components (gecko and rice wine, snake and whiskey, etc.) will produce some kind of healing effect. As a rule, it is believed that such drinks give longevity and sexual strength. nine0003
In 1995, in Cambodia, a craze for toad wine almost wiped out the entire population of these amphibians. Demand for wine (reminiscent of strong porter and cheaper than whiskey and beer) was so high that Cambodian Nature Minister Dr. Moc Maret urged toad hunters to stop their fishery, destructive to the entire ecosystem. Traditional medicine specialist Chai Sing Wai, who practices in Phnom Penh, says that, unlike gecko-infused wine from Vietnam and China, toad wine is purely a Khmer invention. nine0003
According to his recommended recipe, toads should be dried, fried, squeezed, and the juice mixed in wine, along with some herbs, including black sugar cane, - a thick drink is obtained that is fit to drink from a spoon. What for? According to unconfirmed assurances, the use of toad wine can cure syphilis and a number of other sexually transmitted diseases, and in addition, increases appetite and improves sleep. Truly an offer hard to refuse. Nevertheless, Deputy Minister of Nature Poo Savat remained indifferent to him: "I prefer toads that catch harmful insects that destroy crops." It's good to be healthy. nine0003
Simmer frog legs in premium white wine. Cool them, clean them well and dry them thoroughly with a piece of soft cloth. Then dip one by one in Chaud-froid paprika fish sauce. It should be golden in color. Lay the legs on a layer of champagne jelly prepared in advance in a square silver dish or crystal bowl.
Place bunches of chervil and tarragon leaves to simulate aquatic vegetation between the legs and cover everything with a layer of the same jelly to create the effect of an aquatic environment. Serve the dish to the table in a block of ice, the shape of which let your imagination tell you. nine0003
- 100 tadpoles.
- 5 large chicken eggs.
- 4.5 liters of pond water in a bucket.
- 3 cups breadcrumbs.
- A pinch of hot red pepper.
- 4 cups of vegetable oil heated to 260 degrees.
Release the tadpoles into the water and wait until they have legs and tail disappear. While you wait, mix the breadcrumbs with red pepper, write a detective novel. Raise your kids and take a trip around the world. When the frogs are large, dip them in the egg, roll in the breadcrumbs and pepper mixture, and fry until golden brown. Serve as is or as a fajita. nine0003
Based on the book "Extreme Cuisine".
Common toad. Keeping and caring for the common toad at home
The common toad is a very common species in nature, which many terrariumists love. It lives both in Russia and in Europe and Africa. This is a fairly large amphibian , reaching 15–20 cm in length. Under favorable conditions in captivity, the toad may well live 15, and in rare cases, all 30 years. It is best to purchase animals that have already been born in captivity. Such pets almost do not experience stress when they get into a new home. In addition, if you take a toad from the wild, then against the background of stress and changes in living conditions, a number of diseases can appear, including those associated with parasites that live in the gastrointestinal tract. nine0003
Toads are very intelligent animals, quickly getting used to the owner. However, it must be remembered that they have poisonous glands on both sides of the head, which they use when they feel danger. The venom of these toads can cause burning and allergic reactions .
To keep the common toad at home you will need the horizontal terrarium . The volume should allow the amphibian to move freely so that it does not suffer from physical inactivity (at least 40 liters per animal). It is best to use an enclosed terrarium with good ventilation to prevent your pet from escaping. nine0003
Toads prefer loneliness, so they need to be kept separate from their fellows and other animals.
Coconut chips can be used as soil (it retains moisture well and is not covered with mold), moss, special soil containing earth and foliage. The thickness of the soil should allow the toad to burrow into it. In addition, you need to put up a shelter that is large enough so that the toad can easily turn around in it. You also need a reservoir in which it can completely fit. It is advisable to change the water daily, as toads prefer to go to the toilet there. nine0003
Lighting is not necessary as toads are crepuscular animals. The temperature gradient should be within 18–28 degrees. The heating point can be created by a heating lamp, a thermal mat or a thermal cord. It is possible (especially true for growing animals) to install an ultraviolet lamp with a level of 2.0 or 5.0 for daytime exposure. At night, all lamps and heating must be turned off.
Humidity must be maintained at the level of 50–9 by water and regular spraying0%.
They are unpretentious in food. It is not difficult to feed a toad, her appetite is excellent. And when the pet gets used to the owner, then fearlessly begins to take food from the hands or from the tweezers. The diet consists of various insects. In captivity, it is best to feed crickets, cockroaches. Large toads can be periodically fed with small mice. The food should be diluted or purchased, since insects caught in nature can be poisoned (when processing neighboring apartments, plants in summer cottages). Insects must be rolled in mineral and vitamin supplements for reptiles in order to exclude the development of hypovitaminosis, rickets . It is enough to feed adult toads once every 3 days, and young ones - daily.
If you decide to start breeding toads at home, then you will need to provide the animals with wintering for a couple of months, with a gradual entry and exit from it, maintaining low temperatures and humidity. After wintering, the breeding season begins, the toads are planted in a terrarium with a spacious reservoir in which they lay their eggs. Sexual maturity is reached at about 3-4 years of age.
The common toad is a rather unpretentious, peaceful animal, which is why its popularity as a pet is only growing.