4 months baby feeding ounces

Formula Feeding FAQs: How Much and How Often (for Parents)

Whether you plan to formula feed your baby from the start, want to supplement your breast milk with formula, or are switching from breast milk to formula, you probably have questions.

Here are answers to some common questions about formula feeding.

How Often Should I Feed My Baby?

Newborns and young babies should be fed whenever they seem hungry. This is called on-demand feeding.

After the first few days of life, most healthy formula-fed newborns feed about every 2–3 hours. As they get bigger and their tummies can hold more milk, they usually eat about every 3–4 hours. As babies get older, they’ll settle into a more predictable feeding routine and go longer stretches at night without needing a bottle.

Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about feeding your baby, especially if your baby is very small, is not gaining weight, or was born early (prematurely).

How Can I Tell When My Baby Is Hungry?

Signs that babies are hungry include:

  • moving their heads from side to side
  • opening their mouths
  • sticking out their tongues
  • placing their hands, fingers, and fists to their mouths
  • puckering their lips as if to suck
  • nuzzling again their mothers' breasts
  • showing the rooting reflex (when a baby moves its mouth in the direction of something that's stroking or touching its cheek)

Babies should be fed before they get upset and cry. Crying is a late sign of hunger. But every time your baby cries is not because of hunger. Sometimes babies just need to be cuddled or changed. Or they could be sick, tired, too hot or too cold, in pain, or have colic.

How Much Should My Baby Drink?

In the first few weeks, give 2- to 3-ounce (60- to 90-milliliter) bottles to your newborn. Give more or less depending on your baby’s hunger cues.

Here's a general look at how much your baby may be eating at different ages:

  • On average, a newborn drinks about 1.5–3 ounces (45–90 milliliters) every 2–3 hours. This amount increases as your baby grows and can take more at each feeding.
  • At about 2 months, your baby may drink about 4–5 ounces (120–150 milliliters) every 3–4 hours.
  • At 4 months, your baby may drink about 4–6 ounces (120-180 milliliters) at each feeding, depending on how often they eat.
  • By 6 months, your baby may drink 6–8 ounces (180–230 milliliters) about 4–5 times a day.   

Watch for signs that your baby is hungry or full. Respond to these cues and let your baby stop when full. A baby who is full may suck with less enthusiasm, stop, or turn away from the bottle.

Why Does My Baby Seem Hungrier Than Usual?

As babies grow, they begin to eat more at each feeding and can go longer between feedings. Still, there may be times when your little one seems hungrier than usual.

Your baby may be going through a period of rapid growth (called a growth spurt). These can happen at any time, but in the early months are common at around:

  • 7–14 days old
  • between 3–6 weeks
  • 4 months
  • 6 months

During these times and whenever your baby seems especially hungry, follow their hunger cues and continue to feed on demand, increasing the amount of formula you give as needed.

Is My Baby Eating Enough?

At times, you may wonder whether your baby is getting enough nutrients for healthy growth and development. Babies who get enough to eat seem satisfied after eating and are regularly peeing and pooping.

At your baby’s checkups, the doctor will review your baby’s growth chart, track your little one’s development, and answer any questions. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about your baby’s feeding and nutrition.

Reviewed by: Mary L. Gavin, MD

Date reviewed: November 2021

How Often and How Much Should Your Baby Eat?

By: Sanjeev Jain, MD, FAAP

One of the most common questions new parents have is how often their baby should eat. The best answer is surprisingly simple: in general, babies should be fed whenever they seem hungry.

How do I know when my baby is hungry?

For babies born prematurely or with certain medical conditions, scheduled feedings advised by your pediatrician are best. But for most healthy, full-term infants, parents can look to their baby rather than the clock for hunger cues. This is called feeding on demand, or responsive feeding.

Hunger cues

A hungry baby often will cry. But it's best to watch for hunger cues before the baby starts crying, which is a late sign of hunger and can make it hard for them to settle down and eat.

Some other typical hunger cues in babies:

  • Licking lips

  • Sticking tongue out

  • Rooting (moving jaw and mouth or head in search of breast)

  • Putting his/her hand to mouth repeatedly

  • Opening her mouth

  • Fussiness

  • Sucking on everything around

It is important to realize, however, that every time your baby cries or sucks it is not necessarily because he or she is hungry. Babies suck not only for hunger, but also for comfort; it can be hard at first for parents to tell the difference. Sometimes, your baby just needs to be cuddled or changed.

General guidelines for baby feeding

It is important to remember all babies are different―some like to snack more often, and others drink more at one time and go longer between feedings. However, most babies will drink more and go longer between feedings as they get bigger and their tummies can hold more milk:

  • Most newborns eat every 2 to 3 hours, or 8 to 12 times every 24 hours. Babies might only take in half ounce per feeding for the first day or two of life, but after that will usually drink 1 to 2 ounces at each feeding. This amount increases to 2 to 3 ounces by 2 weeks of age.

  • At about 2 months of age, babies usually take 4 to 5 ounces per feeding every 3 to 4 hours.

  • At 4 months, babies usually take 4 to 6 ounces per feeding.

  • At 6 months, babies may be taking up to 8 ounces every 4 to 5 hours.

Most babies will increase the amount of formula they drink by an average of 1 ounce each month before leveling off at about 7 to 8 ounces per feeding. Solid foods should be started at about 6 months old.

Concerns about overfeeding or underfeeding your baby

Too full?

Babies are usually pretty good at eating the right amount, but they can sometimes take in more than they need. Infants who are bottle feeding may be more likely to overfeed, because drinking from a bottle may take less effort than breastfeeding.

Overfed babies can have stomach pains, gas, spit up or vomit and be at higher risk for obesity later in life. It's better to offer less, since you can always give more if your baby wants it. This also gives babies time to realize when they're full.

If you are concerned your baby wants to eat all the time―even when he or she is full―talk with your pediatrician. Pacifiers may be used after feeding to help sooth healthy-weight babies who like to suck for comfort, rather than nutrition. For babies who are breastfed, it's best to wait to offer pacifiers until around 3 to 4 weeks of age, when breastfeeding is well-established.

Trouble gaining weight?

Most babies will double their birth weight by 5 months of age and triple their birth weight by their first birthday. If your baby is having trouble gaining weight, don't wait too long between feeding―even if it means waking your baby. Be sure to talk with your pediatrician about how often and how much to feed your baby.

How do I know if my baby is getting enough to eat?

Daily diapers

A newborn's diaper is a good indicator of whether he or she is getting enough to eat. In the first few days after birth, a baby should have 2 to 3 wet diapers each day. After the first 4 to 5 days, a baby should have at least 5 to 6 wet diapers a day. Stool frequency is more variable and depends whether your baby is breastfed or formula fed.

Growth charts

During regular health check-ups, your pediatrician will check your baby's weight and plot it on a growth chart. Your baby's progress on the growth chart is one way to tell whether or not they are getting enough food. Babies who stay in healthy growth percentile ranges are probably getting a healthy amount of food during feedings.


Talk with your pediatrician if you have any questions or concerns about your baby getting the right amount to eat.

More information:

  • Making Sure Your Baby is Getting Enough Milk
  • Amount and Schedule of Formula Feedings
  • Is Your Baby Hungry or Full? Responsive Feeding Explained (Video)
  • Remedies for Spitty Babies
  • Ask the Pediatrician: With the baby formula shortage, what should I do if I can't find any?
  • Ask the Pediatrician: How should we feed our baby if we're running low on money?
  • Airplane Choo Choo: A Feeding Guide for Children (National Dairy Council)

About Dr. Jain:

Sanjeev Jain, MD, FAAP, is a Clinical Associate Professor of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. Within the American Academy of Pediatrics, he is a member of the Section on International Child Health and the Wisconsin State Chapter.

The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

Baby feeding schedule: tips for the first year of life



Eat, sleep, pee, pop, repeat. These are the most important events on the day of a brand new baby.

And if you're a new parent, the portion you eat can be the source of many of your questions and concerns. How many ounces should your child take? Do you wake up a sleeping child to eat? Why do they always seem hungry? When can your child get stiff?

There are many questions, and despite your grandmother's insistence, the answers have changed since you were a young man. Nowadays, newborns, even those who are breastfed, are encouraged to eat on demand (consider this good preparation for adolescence) and that babies wait to start complementary foods until they are 4 to 6 months old.

Baby Feeding Schedule by Age

On the first day of life, your baby's stomach is the size of a marble and can hold only 1 to 1.4 teaspoons of liquid at a time. As your baby gets older, their belly stretches and grows.

It is difficult (or almost impossible) to know how much milk your baby is drinking while breastfeeding. But if you're bottle feeding for a number of good reasons, measuring is a little easier.

Here, from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), a typical feeding schedule for bottle-fed babies.

Age Feeding OuncesSolid FoodUd 2 Weeks Life.5 oz. first days, then 1-3 oz. #2 weeks to 2 months 2-4 oz. #2-4 months 4-6 ounces #4-6 months 4-8 ounces Possible if your baby can lift his head and weighs at least 13 kilograms. But you don't need to eat solid food just yet. 6-12 months 8 oz. That. Start with soft foods like whole grains and refined vegetables, meats, and fruits, and work your way up to purees and well-fingered foods. Give your child one new food at a time. Continue supplementing with breast or formula.

How often should your child eat?

Every baby is unique, but one thing that's pretty consistent is that breastfed babies eat more often than formula-fed babies. This is because breast milk is easily digested and empties from the stomach much faster than formula.

Breastfed children

No rest for the weary. According to the International League of La Leche, you should start breastfeeding your baby within an hour of birth and give 1 to 8 feeds a day for the first few weeks of life (yes, we're tired of you).

Initially, it is important not to leave the baby without feeding for more than 4 hours. You will probably have to wake them up if necessary, at least until breastfeeding is established and you have gained proper weight.

As your baby grows and your milk supply increases, your baby will be able to suck more milk in less time per feeding. Then you may begin to notice a more predictable pattern.

  • 1 to 3 months: Your baby will be fed from 7 to 9once within 24 hours.
  • 3 months: Feeding occurs 6 to 8 times a day.
  • 6 months: Your baby will be fed about 6 times a day.
  • 12 months: Treatment can be reduced to about 4 times a day. Eating solid foods at about 6 months helps your baby increase his or her needs for supplemental nutrition.

Please note that this template is just one example. Different babies have different paces and preferences, as well as other factors that affect the frequency of feeding.

Formula-fed babies

Like breast-fed babies, formula-fed babies should be fed on demand. On average, this is about every 2-3 hours. A typical feeding schedule might look like this:

  • Newborn: every 2-3 hours
  • 2 months old: every 3-4 hours
  • 4 to 6 months old: every 4-5 hours
  • 6 months old: every 4-5 hours

Breastfeeding and breastfeeding

  • Do not give liquids other than formula or breast milk to children under one year of age. These include juices and cow's milk. They don't provide enough nutrients (if any) and can cause your baby's stomach to get upset. Water can be taken by mouth for about 6 months when you start offering a cup.
  • Do not put baby cereal in the bottle.
    • May create a choking hazard.
    • The child's digestive system is not mature enough to digest cereals until about 4-6 months of age.
    • You could feed the baby.
  • Do not give your child any form of honey before their first birthday. Honey can be dangerous for a child, sometimes causing what is called infant botulism.
  • Adjust your expectations for your child and their unique needs. Premature babies are likely to follow age-specific feeding patterns. If your child has problems, such as reflux or malnutrition, you may need to work with your doctor on an appropriate feeding schedule and amount of food.

How to get on a feeding schedule

Schedules are every parent's holy grail. Your baby will naturally begin to drop in the form of feeding as their tummy grows and may receive more breast milk or formula in one sitting. This may start to happen between 2 and 4 months of age.

In the meantime, focus on teaching the baby to be hungry, for example:

  • dig into the chest for a nipple.
  • putting fist in mouth
  • biting them or licking their lips
  • swallowing, which can escalate quickly (don't wait for your hungry baby to eat them)

Once your baby is a few months old, you can enter a sleep/feeding schedule that suits you .

Let's say your four year old wakes up every 4 hours to eat. This means that if you feed at 5 o'clock, the baby wakes up around 9 o'clock in the morning, but if he wakes up and feeds the baby at 2 o'clock, just before bedtime, he may not wake up. until 11 a.m., which will give you a decent slice of the night,

What if your child is still hungry?

As a general rule, if your baby looks hungry, feed him. Your baby will naturally eat more of the rasta bursts over time, which usually occur at 3 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months of age.

Some children will also be "fed", meaning they will be fed more frequently over a period of time, while others will be fed less frequently. For example, your child may collect food in the late afternoon and evening and then sleep longer at night (yay!). It is more common in breastfed babies than formula-fed babies.

Worried about overfeeding? While this is not really possible with an exclusively breastfed baby, you can feed a baby who is taking a bottle, especially if she vacuums the bottle for comfort. Watch for their signs of hunger, but talk to your pediatrician if you're worried your child will overeat.

How to start solids

Your baby is probably ready for animals if he is 4 to 6 months old and:

  • have good head control
  • you seem to be curious about what you eat
  • reaches for food
  • weighs 13 pounds or more

What food to start with? The AAP is now saying that it doesn't really matter what order you introduce the food in. The only correct rule is to stick to one food for 3 to 5 days before offering another. If there is an allergic reaction (rash, diarrhea, vomiting are the most common first signs), you will know which food is causing it.

As your child grows, switch from refined baby foods to more textured foods (such as banana puree, scrambled eggs, or well-cooked, chopped pasta). It mostly happens around 8 to 10 months.

Your supermarket sells a variety of baby food, but if you want to make your own, keep it without sugar or salt. Also, at this stage, do not give your child anything that can cause choking, including:

  • solid food such as popcorn or nuts
  • solid fresh fruit such as apples; boiled to tenderize or cut into very small pieces
  • any meat that is poorly cooked and very well cut (including hot dogs)
  • cheese cubes
  • peanut butter (although discuss this with your pediatrician and the benefits of introducing diluted peanut butter under 1 year of age)

When the little girl approached her first birthday, she needed to eat a variety of foods and take them. 4 ounces of solid food at each meal. Continue to offer breast milk or formula. Children under 8 months drink 30 ounces than.

Oh yeah, and buy supplies from a company that makes laundry detergent. He will pay for college.

Other concerns

Children are not cookies. Some people gain weight easily, while others have problems. Things that can affect a baby's weight gain include:

  • who have a birth defect such as a cleft lip or palate that makes feeding difficult
  • have an intolerance to milk proteins
  • be premature
  • bottle feeding versus breastfeeding

A 2012 study of more than 1,800 babies they found that bottle fed babies, whether the bottle contained breast milk or formula, gained their first weight in the first year compared to infants who were exclusively breastfed.

Your child's doctor will best advise you on a healthy weight range.

Takeaway meals

How, when, and what to feed your baby is every parent's top concern, but the good news is that most babies are pretty good at feeling hungry and full—and they'll let you know.

You just need to present them with the right solutions at the right time and pay attention to their signs. If you have any questions or concerns, your pediatrician is here to help you along the way.

sleep, feeding and development of the baby



By 4 months, the biological rhythms of the child are finally formed and the structure of sleep becomes the same as in adults. Therefore, the old ways of laying often stop working, the baby may not fall asleep for a long time, start waking up more often at night and constantly breastfeed, and the existing daily routine is no longer suitable. What to do in this case?

Use our tips to improve your child's routine!

4 months

At this age, children still cannot live according to a clear daily schedule, as they still sleep short dreams during the day and are not able to stay awake for a long time. Therefore, the daily routine of four months. is built based on the time of wakefulness, which is no more than 1.5-2 hours between sleeps. At the same time, an infant needs 9-10 hours of sleep per night with awakenings for feeding and 3-4 daytime sleeps with a total duration of about 4-5 hours, that is, the baby will sleep with this schedule 3-4 times a day. The time of evening bedtime will vary and depend on the end of the last day's sleep. To get your baby to bed on time, be alert for signs of fatigue and stay awake for more than 2 hours. So you will prevent overworking the baby, which will improve the quality of his nightly sleep and reduce the number of night awakenings. Morning should start no later than 7.00-7.30 to form the physiological regime of the day.

What to do if a 4-month-old baby slept well but now has trouble getting to bed:

  1. Enter a bedtime ritual if you haven't already. In the evening, this can be bathing, light massage, putting on a diaper and sleepwear, lullaby and feeding. During the day, the ritual can be left the same, only without hygiene procedures. The ritual should be repeated daily and consist of the same actions. It is carried out by one person - either mom or dad.

  2. Check that the room has suitable sleeping conditions for an infant: the temperature is no more than 21-23 degrees in winter and no more than 25 degrees in summer, and the air humidity is approximately 40-60%. It is also important to darken the room for all dreams, including daytime, and use white noise.

  3. Organize the rest of the baby in the crib. The last daytime nap can be done outside in a stroller.

  4. Prolong the child's sleep by any means, if the morning and afternoon sleep lasts no more than 30-40 minutes.

  5. If nothing helps and the baby still constantly wakes up at night, neither motion sickness, nor the chest, nor the nipple work to prolong sleep, then it is worth teaching the child to fall asleep on his own.

  6. Make sure your baby gets enough sleep. Otherwise, overwork will accumulate, which will manifest itself in frequent nocturnal awakenings. This is where following a routine can help.

Check our chart to see if your child is getting enough sleep

How many feedings does a baby need at night?

At four months old, breast milk or formula is still the main food in his diet.

The diet of the breastfed baby this month will consist of feedings every 3-4 hours. The volume of breast milk drunk at a time will be about 118-210 ml. The duration of feeding may vary.

When formula-fed, the volume of the mixture should be calculated from the recommendations of the pediatrician. This is usually 1/6 of the child's actual body weight. At four months, the baby will eat 800-1000 ml. mixture per day every 3-4 hours during the day.

The baby becomes more and more interested in the world around him and during feeding he can start to be distracted, not eat enough and make up for hunger at night. Therefore, it is better to feed the baby in a calm environment.

2-3 feedings are sufficient at night for a four-month-old baby.

Does the baby wake up at night shortly after feeding and start crying? Instead of refeeding him, try other ways to calm him down, such as petting his tummy and peeing. So the child will not form the habit of falling asleep only with the help of feeding.

Should we start complementary foods at 4 months? WHO (World Health Organization) recommends introducing complementary foods from 6 months. Therefore, before introducing adult food, it is worth consulting with a pediatrician.

Physical development of a 4-month-old baby

The fourth month is the age when a child already knows a lot and masters new skills.

He already confidently manages both hands at the same time - he grabs toys, colorful and shiny objects next to him. Soft books, teething rings are a good choice for this age.

For reading, choose large books with different textures inside to develop tactile sensations. Read and sing to your baby every day for a few minutes. This develops the attention and speech of the child. Take a closer look at children's bathing books - their puffy pages are easy to flip through. In addition, they often squeak, and the pictures in them are bright.⠀

The baby already holds his head and chest well, being on his stomach and pushing off the surface with his hands. Also, the child can already begin to roll over from his stomach to his back and push with his legs.

The baby sees better, begins to distinguish colors and notice objects in the distance, although he still prefers to look at faces and things next to him. During walks in the fresh air, tell the baby about the surrounding objects, point to them and describe them.

From the age of 4 months, the first teeth erupt. If the baby's salivation increased, redness appeared around the mouth, he began to bite, refuse to eat, became moody, his night's sleep worsened, then most likely the child has a new tooth. In the acute period, teething rings, anesthetic gel recommended by the pediatrician, more attention and warmth from the mother's side will help.

Important changes occur in communication with the baby at 4 months. He realizes that his mother is coming to his crying, and begins to use different sounds when communicating with others: oooh .., aah .., aha ... Catch the moment when the child “talks” more than usual and play “echo” with him. He says - you repeat.

This kind of play gives the baby confidence that his mother listens to him and is happy to talk to him. And of course, it develops the speech of the child.

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