After one year baby food list
12 Healthy and Practical Foods for 1-Year-Olds
Your 1-year-old is changing, growing, and discovering at a whirlwind pace. Making sure they’re getting the foods they need may be a concern.
Inconsistent food choices and a fickle appetite are par for the course at this age. As frustrating as it might be, this is entirely normal as your toddler establishes independence and learns to discern their body’s fullness and hunger cues.
By the time they reach 12 months, toddlers need about 1,000 calories, 700 mg of calcium, 600 IU of vitamin D, and 7 mg of iron each day to support proper growth, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (1).
With so much going on, you might be wondering how to best feed your 1-year-old without spending all day in the kitchen or chasing after them.
We’ve partnered with Undeniably Dairy to bring you 12 healthy and practical foods for 1-year-olds.
Around this time your 1-year-old starts to develop their pincer grasp, which involves pinching and maneuvering food with their fingertips, as they endeavor to self-feed. This is a great time to introduce finger-friendly foods.
Softer, fresh fruits are wonderful options for this transitional time and beyond. They not only deliver needed nutrients and a host of beneficial plant chemicals but also help cement healthy eating habits (2).
Slice bananas, clementines, strawberries, peaches, or mango, and slowly introduce them to your child. Avoid large pieces of fruit, as they may pose a choking hazard. Cut grapes into halves or quarters and never feed these to your child whole.
If your child doesn’t immediately take to the new fruit, don’t stress. In fact, studies show a child typically needs to be exposed to a new food 6–15 times before accepting it into their diet (3).
Soft fresh fruits can also be easily made into a smoothie or make an excellent snack when you’re on the go.
However, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, make sure your child eats any cut-up fruit within 2 hours after being out of the fridge. If you’re outside and it’s over 90°F (32°C), that time shrinks to within 1 hour (4).
Soft, bite-sized bits of fruit are excellent choices, especially as your child experiments with self-feeding. Be sure they eat any cut-up fruit that’s been out of the fridge within 2 hours, or within 1 hour if you’re in hot temperatures.
As your child may be slowly weaning off breast milk or formula, it’s a good time to introduce cow’s milk.
Milk and yogurt are great sources of protein and bone-building calcium, which also benefits their developing teeth. One glass (244 ml) of whole milk offers 39% of the Daily Value (DV) for calcium that your 1-year-old needs each day, as well as 8 grams of protein. That’s Undeniably Dairy (5).
While you may continue to offer breast milk until 2 years of age or longer, whole fat dairy milk or yogurt may also be introduced at mealtimes or as a snack. Yogurt can be topped with diced fresh fruit or a drizzle of honey.
Honey can be introduced now at this age, but be sure to never feed it to a child under 12 months of age. Doing so can put them at risk of botulism, a serious infection (6).
Though dairy is generally safe at this age, be sure to watch for signs of a casein allergy.
Casein is a protein in milk. It’s different from lactose, which is a sugar found in milk that many adults don’t digest well (7).
A casein allergy manifests in about 2–3% of children under the age of 3, although more than 80% outgrow it. It seems to be most prevalent in children who were introduced to cow’s milk in infancy when breastfeeding was not an option (7, 8).
Be sure to introduce new foods, including milk and dairy products, to your child slowly. In fact, it’s a good idea to do so one food at a time and wait 3–5 days between the introduction of another new food to see how their body reacts (7).
Symptoms of casein allergy include wheezing, hives, vomiting, and diarrhea. If your child experiences these or other reactions when you are introducing them to a new food, stop feeding them this food and speak to their healthcare provider (7, 9).
Also, consult your child’s pediatrician before giving them plant-based milk alternatives, as these are generally not recommended for toddlers due to their lack of essential nutrients for growth.
Whole milk and yogurt are great options as your child weans off formula or breast milk. These provide protein and support bone growth. You can offer them at mealtimes or as snacks.
Little ones won’t master the jaw-grinding motion, which helps with proper chewing, until they’re about 4 years old. In the meantime, their food must be mashed or cut up into small, easy-to-chew pieces (10).
Oatmeal is a wonderful option as your child makes this transition into chewing. It’s easy to swallow and boasts an impressive nutritional profile with a hearty heap of protein, carbs, vitamins, minerals, and healthy fats (11).
What’s more, oats provide ample amounts of fiber, which helps keep their digestive tracts healthy and regular (12).
While premixed packages are tempting, opt for your own homemade blend when possible to limit their intake of added sugar. If you’re strapped for time, consider making overnight oats by simply soaking them in the fridge overnight.
Mixing your oats with milk instead of water will also pack a bit more nutrients into your child’s bowl. Serve these topped with diced strawberries, bananas, or your child’s favorite raw fruit.
Oatmeal is a nutritional powerhouse and offers an easy-to-swallow texture, which is helpful as your child develops the skills for proper chewing. Opt for homemade oatmeal over packets to limit added sugar, or try overnight oats.
Pancakes are popular among kids, and whole grains are a rich source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Thus, whole grain pancakes are a natural solution to what to serve your 1-year-old (13).
Whole grain pancakes deliver gut-friendly prebiotics, which help feed beneficial gut bacteria. They’re also finger-friendly when cut into bite-sized pieces (14).
Whip these up or buy a mix with 100% whole grains. After sizzling them on a skillet or griddle, top them with freshly sliced soft fruits, applesauce, or a drizzle of honey.
You can even smear a very thin layer of creamy nut butter to add extra protein. Although, given that tree nuts are a common allergen, be sure to introduce this food into their diet slowly.
Whole grain pancakes are a practical and healthy choice for your 1-year-old. Whip up your own mix or buy a premade 100% whole grain mix. Top them with your child’s favorite soft fruit, a thin layer of nut butter, or a drizzle of honey.
Eggs are a powerhouse food for kids and adults alike.
They support eye health and proper brain development, and they’re rich in protein, healthy fats, and a host of other nutrients (15, 16, 17, 18).
Scramble them or serve them hard-boiled and peeled. Be sure to cut either of these into bite-sized pieces, especially as your toddler endeavors to self-feed.
Note that eggs are among the eight most common allergy-causing foods for children. Most children outgrow the allergy, but it’s important to watch for symptoms, which can include hives, nasal congestion, digestive issues, coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
Eggs can but rarely cause anaphylaxis, a severe life threatening reaction that can constrict airways or cause lightheadedness or loss of consciousness. Speak with a pediatrician if you are concerned about an egg allergy (19).
Eggs are excellent for toddlers and adults alike. They’re particularly supportive of eye health and proper brain development. Plus, they boast an impressive nutritional profile and can be part of a healthy meal or snack.
Tofu is a great source of iron, calcium, and protein — with firm tofu boasting the greatest concentrations (20).
A 2-ounce (56-gram) portion of firm tofu provides almost 1 mg of iron, or nearly 14% of the DV for your child. The same serving also provides 12% of their daily calcium needs (20).
Served sweet or savory, tofu is wonderfully versatile. Silken tofu can be blended into smoothies or mashed into bananas, avocado, or cottage cheese. Its flavor is neutral, so all this will do is provide some hearty nutrition.
Toss cubed firm tofu into soups, or stir-fry it with your favorite gentle seasonings. You can also break firm tofu up with your hands and scramble it with your favorite soft vegetables, such as diced bell peppers, tomatoes, and onions.
If your child has a diagnosed soy allergy, you want to avoid tofu. If this allergy runs in your family, you should speak with your pediatrician.
Tofu, whether silken or firm, is packed with iron, calcium, and protein. It is wonderfully versatile and can accompany sweet or savory dishes. Add silken tofu to smoothies or scramble firm tofu with soft veggies.
Soft bits of chicken or ground turkey can be great ways to incorporate more protein into your child’s diet. This nutrient is needed for proper growth (21).
Begin by feeding them puréed chicken, turkey, or soft cuts of meat. Poach the protein first, then add milk, broth, or yogurt to soften this mix in the blender or food processor. As they get more comfortable with self-feeding, sauté ground meat or cut it into small, bite-sized pieces.
Avoid any tough or stringy cuts of meat, as these might be too difficult for your child to chew or swallow. Also, steer clear of spicy or strong seasonings, which might upset their gentle stomachs.
Softer cuts of meat like chicken or turkey can be a fountain of protein for your growing tot. Feed them puréed poached meats. As they get better at chewing, sauté ground or small bite-sized pieces. Avoid strong flavors.
Avocados are a fantastic food to feed your 1-year-old. Their creamy texture is especially helpful during this transitional period, while their impressive nutritional profile supports your child’s growth (22).
What’s more, 30–40% of your toddler’s calories should come from fat, according to the American Heart Association (23).
Avocados are packed with healthy fats, which benefit your child’s brain and heart. Half a cup (75 grams) of diced, raw avocado provides nearly 9 grams of healthy unsaturated fats (24).
Cube or mash them and smear them on whole grain toast or a cracker. Experiment with blending avocado with other soft-textured fruits and vegetables, such as cooked butternut squash or sweet potato.
Avocados pack healthy fats and fiber while providing an ideal transitional texture for your toddler. Cube or mash them or blend them with other favorite fruits and veggies.
As your tyke weans off breast milk or formula, they need to hydrate. Water is an optimal choice. Fill up their sippy cups and replenish as often as they need.
Your 1-year-old should be getting at least one 8-ounce glass (237 ml) of water a day. They may need more if they’re active, ill, or in hot temperatures. Also, they will need more as they get older (25).
When in doubt, check their diapers — they should be urinating at least every 6 hours.
Water should be provided as your tyke weans off breast milk or formula. At this age, they should get at least 1 cup (237 ml) each day.
Steaming vegetables, such as broccoli, peas, and carrots, is an excellent way to introduce your child to this important food group.
Broccoli, carrots, and peas pack fiber and vitamin C. What’s more, carrots contain lutein, which supports eye health, while peas pack muscle-building proteins (26, 27, 28).
Venture out with other veggies, including steamed parsnips, sweet potatoes, and butternut squash, too. Serve these with a lemony yogurt dip or hummus.
You’ll want to hold off on serving any of these raw, as they’re still too tough to chew.
Steaming veggies softens them to an ideal texture for your growing tot. Broccoli, carrots, and peas are great choices, but feel free to venture out.
Half a cup (130 grams) of mashed beans provides nearly 39% of the DV for iron for your child (29).
Mashed beans — whether they’re black, kidney, or white beans — are a rich source of iron, which your child needs to keep their blood cells healthy (30).
Serving these alongside a food high in vitamin C, such as broccoli, diced tomatoes, or mashed sweet potatoes, will help them absorb iron much more efficiently (31).
This iron and vitamin C combo is especially important if your toddler doesn’t eat meat, as the body absorbs heme iron from animal sources more efficiently than nonheme iron from plant sources (31, 32).
Mashed beans boast impressive nutrients, including iron. This is especially important for your child’s health and helps keep their blood cells healthy. Eat beans with vitamin-C-rich foods to help boost iron absorption.
Hummus blends chickpeas and sesame butter, which pair to provide a bounty of protein, healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals (33).
Spread hummus on some whole grain crackers or serve it alongside your child’s favorite protein source, a piece of cheese, or steamed veggie.
There are great store-bought options, but if you’re feeling inspired, this is an easy one to whip up. Simply combine a bit of garlic, sesame butter (tahini), chickpeas, and olive oil in a food processor until smooth.
Still, keep in mind that sesame seeds, which are used to make sesame butter, are among the top 10 most common food allergens, accounting for 17% of food allergies in children. Only 20–30% of affected kids outgrow it (34).
For this reason, be sure to introduce this and other sesame-containing foods to your child in very small amounts and watch for common reactions like hives and vomiting (34).
Hummus is a great food to introduce at this age, as it provides a bounty of protein, healthy fats, and other nutrients.
A lot is going on with your 1-year-old. They’re experimenting with feeding themselves, learning to sense hunger and fullness, and asserting their independence, among several other developmental milestones.
As you navigate this period of growth and change, there are many practical and healthy food choices, including fresh, soft fruits, steamed veggies, tofu, and eggs.
The key points are selecting foods that are easy-to-chew, soft, and highly nutritious.
It’s a good idea to introduce new foods in small amounts and one at a time. With each new food, watch for adverse reactions, and stop feeding them this food if you observe signs of intolerance or allergy.
However, if you suspect it’s simply a matter of taste, or if your child doesn’t immediately take to these or other new foods, keep trying. It might take 6–15 exposures to a new food for your child to accept it into their diet.
Don’t stress if their appetite is fickle or their food choices vary like the wind — this is all part of their process.
1 Year (12 Months) Old Baby Food Chart Along with Recipes
The average age for teething in children is between six to twelve months. With teeth, comes the ability to crunch and chomp down new, solid foods. But what exactly can you feed your baby?
Video: Food Ideas for 1 Year Old Baby
Also Read: Sample Meal Plan for 1 Year Old Baby
Foods for your Twelve Month Old Baby
There is no need to stress about preparing special food for your one year old. Whatever the rest of your family eats can be eaten by them too. You only need to take care to avoid as much salt in the food as possible. Of course, this does rule out most take-away and restaurant food, as they usually contain a lot of salt.
All time classic! Cereals like flaked corn soften with milk and are easy to digest.Try to get whole grain cereal, as much as possible.
Cut up cucumbers are a rejuvenating snack anytime of the day. For your baby’s ease, the best way to cut them is lengthwise, making “cucumber-sticks” shaped like French fries. If it’s a hot summer day, a few cucumbers can easily prevent dehydration.
Dal is packed with protein, which helps in muscle development. Dal curry can be eaten with rice or chapatti and it doesn’t have a strong flavour. Be sure to cut up the chapatti into little nibble size pieces.
4. Vegetable Soup
This is easy to feed your one year old and it contains the goodness of all the vegetables you add in it. For instance, carrot soup would be good for the eyes, and potatoes contain fibre.
Soya granules are quickly becoming a standard substitute source of protein for pure vegetarians. The soft texture it becomes after cooking makes it an ideal food choice for babies.
A regular food for the family that can easily be eaten by the baby, too. The stuffing of vegetables or paneer makes it a balanced meal.
Be careful to buy organic chicken, or chicken that is certified to be free of hormonal treatments. Over cooking the chicken to make it softer is a good idea for your toddler. Also, avoid strongly spicy flavourings, and tear the cooked meat into tiny bits, removing the bones before your feed it to your child.
When preparing fish, always remember that frying it makes it lose a lot of its nutritional value, as opposed to using it in a curry. Like chicken, and indeed, more so, be very carefuhttps://parenting. firstcry.com/articles/paneer-for-babies-benefits-and-recipes/l to tear off the meat and make sure no bones remain, before you feed your child with it. Even the fine bones found in sea fish can get stuck in a toddler’s throat.
Also Read: Delicious Indian Food Recipes for 1 Year Old Baby
Video: Diet plan for 1 Year Old Baby
1 Year Old Baby Food Chart/Feeding Schedule
When planning your 12 month baby food schedule you do not have to go out of the way from your usual foods. If your weekly eating pattern has turned monotonous, this may be a good time to add a bit of colour to it, as your baby and you, both, need a well rounded, balanced diet. Here is a sample baby food chart:
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 1
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 2
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 3
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 4
|Dalia (broken wheat)
Dahi (curd) with jaggery + ½ mango
Jowar (sorghum)-wheat roti + chole palak + a few cherry tomatoes
|Roti + sabzi + dal fry
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 5
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 6
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 7
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 1
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 2
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 3
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 4
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 5
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 6
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 7
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 1
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 2
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 3
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 4
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 5
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 6
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 7
|Thalipeeth + milk
|Rajgira (amaranth) ladoo
Jowar (sorghum) -wheat roti + lauki (bottle gourd) sabzi + chana dal + a few cherry tomatoes
Chana (chickpeas) powder mixed with dates ladoo
Roti + dal + a sabzi of choice + a few slices of cucumber
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 1
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 2
|Cheese vegetable pancake + milk
Chopped guava or boiled carrot cubes
Jowar (sorghum)-wheat roti + chole palak + a few cherry tomatoes
Mango/ strawberry yoghurt with oats or poha (flattened rice) soaked in dahi with mashed banana
|Curd rice with cucumber
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 3
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 4
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 5
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 6
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 7
Video: 1 Year Old Baby Food Recipes
Best Baby Food Recipes for 1 Year Old
Make sure you get the chance to prepare the following dishes for your young one :
1. Fried Apple Rings
A quick, sweet snack!
- 1 Apple
- 1/4 cup flour
- 1/2 teaspoon sugar
- Pinch of cinnamon
- 1/2 beaten egg
- 1/4 cup buttermilk
- A pinch of salt
How to Prepare:
- Mix flour, sugar, salt, cinnamon and set aside.
- Mix egg and buttermilk in a separate bowl.
- Slice the apple into 1/4 inch thick slices discarding the core.
- Mix the 2 bowls and dip the apple rings in them and deep fry them.
You can also coat the fried pieces with powdered sugar for older kids!
2. Besan Parantha
The high protein content in besan a. k.a chickpeas and the carbohydrates in paranthas make this a balanced way to start the day!
- Whole wheat dough
- 2 tbsp besan
- 1/2 chopped onion
- Salt to taste
- 1 tsp coriander powder
- 1 tbsp chopped coriander
- 1 tsp garam masala
- 1 tsp carrom seeds
- 3-4 tsp oil
How to Prepare:
- Mix besan, onion, coriander powder, chopped coriander, carom seeds and garam masala.
- Knead this mixture into a dough wth a bit of oil. (Do not add water!)
- Use the wheat dough to make a chapatti and use the besan dough as filling.
- Cook on a tawa with ghee.
- Serve with butter or curd.
3. Ragi Laddu
Ragi is rich in iron and can help prevent anaemia by improving haemoglobin levels.
- 1 kg –Ragi Powder
- 1/2 kg – Powdered sugar
- 1/2 kg – Pure ghee
- Few Almond + cashew finely chopped
- 2 cardamom powdered
How to Prepare:
- Heat 250gms ghee in a pan and add the ragi powder to it.
- Keep roasting on low flame for almost 45 mins till it becomes darker brown.
- Add rest of ghee, chopped dry fruits and cardamom powder.
- Fry for more 10 mins on low flame .
- After it has cooled down, add powdered sugar and mix well.
- Shape into balls to form ragi laddoo!
4. Plain Khichdi
Khichdi is easy to make and can be made with many different bases, such as tomato khichdi, carrot khichdi, spinach khichdi, etc. Khichdi is traditionally known to be one of the first solid foods eaten by babies.
- 2/3 cup rice
- 1/3 cup moong or toor dal
- Garlic – 2 optional
- Hing – optional
How to Prepare:
- Wash and soak the rice and dal in water for half an hour.
- Drain the water.
- Cook all the ingredients in a pressure cooker with 3 cups of water.
- Serve with ghee
5. French Toast
A quickly readied snack suited for mornings and afternoons. Did you know that in most European languages other than English, the name for French toast, translates, literally, to “Poor Knights”?
- 2 slices brown bread
- 1 egg
- 1 small pureed banana
- ½ cup milk
How to Prepare:
- Mix together milk, pureed banana and egg.
- Beat the mixture well to a runny consistency.
- Heat the oil in a pan.
- Dip bread piece into mixture and fry.
6. Barley Porridge With Banana
This semi-solid recipe is filling and yummy, and your little one is sure to enjoy this and, ask for seconds.
- 1 cup barley
- 1 banana
- 3 cups water
How to Prepare:
- Add the water and barley in a vessel and pressure cook for 5 whistles.
- Release the pressure and check the softness of the barley. If it isn’t soft enough, let it simmer, until perfect.
- Let this cool down completely and blend until smooth.
- Chop the banana into bite sized pieces, add to the porridge, and simmer for 2 minutes.
- Serve warm.
- When using homemade baby food recipes for one year olds, do not be afraid to go for variety! Some doctors believe that staying with the same food for long can lead to them to become fussy eaters.
- The “drawback” of going for a large variety of foods, is the increase in the possibility of your child ingesting some food that they may be allergic to. In most developed countries, allergy tests are a part of due medical process for babies. We would suggest you look into the options for the same!
- Do not jump from liquid to solid food. Take it slow. Move from softer textures to semi-solid foods before going on to solid foods.
- The best time of day to feed your baby solid foods is when they have just woken up in the morning or from a nap and are high on energy!
- Do not disregard the advantage of having a high chair to feed a baby. Not only is your baby safe and secure, but it is ergonomically easier on your back too – much needed after 9 months of pregnancy and a year of picking up after your infant!
- Its never too late to create a taste for healthy food for your one year old baby. It can take up to 15 tries before a child tries a new food. So, if they didn’t eat their carrots on Monday, don’t hold back from trying on Wednesday, and even next week!
- Don’t force feed anything to your child. It’s possible that they may not be hungry or just not enjoy a particular food. If they continue to refuse any particular food over a period of time, its okay. Just like you like and dislike certain foods, kids do as well.
Eating healthy isn’t a chore; it’s a habit. And there’s no better time to start eating healthy, than when you literally start eating.
- Each child is different and so use these meal plans as a trusted guide as per your discretion. You can modify the meals according to your child’s preferences / requirements.
- Never force-feed a child.
- While preparing formula, please follow the instructions on the box and use the measuring spoon provided with it.
- While introducing solid food to a baby, initially, one needs to prepare watery gruels/soups. As a child gets older, the caretaker/ mother has to increase the thickness of the liquids slowly according to the child’s capacity to swallow. Foods that are too thick can cause stomach upset/ unnecessary load; while excessively watery food might cause the child to remain hungry.
- Some kids may eat less on some days and that is absolutely alright. However, if a child eats less for more than 3-4 consecutive days, please visit a doctor to guide further.
- A child may eat less during the teething phase or if he/she may not be feeling well. You could increase breast milk /formula feeds on those days. Re-introduce the foods once the child is back to normal.
- Don’t stop feeding if the child is suffering from diarrhoea.
- You can alter the taste of the food by adding some natural flavours like cinnamon, jeera powder, lemon juice, curry leaves etc. if the child doesn’t accept the food initially.
- If your child suffers from an allergy to nuts, gluten or eggs, please consult your doctor before feeding him/her any foods that may contain them.
Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Baby
First Foods for Baby – What Foods You Should Introduce?
Finger Foods for Infants: When & How to Introduce?
Baby Not Eating – Reasons and Feeding Tips
Union of Pediatricians of Russia
Nutrition for children from 1 to 3 years of age
The period from 1 to 3 years of life is a crucial stage in the transition to an adult type of nutrition, which has certain features. In order to ensure that all the necessary nutrients enter the child's body and at the same time prevent an excess of individual nutrients, nutrition should be balanced and varied. nine0003
The daily amount of food for children aged 1 to 1.5 years should be 1000-1200 g, from 1.5 to 3 years - 1200-1500 g, the amount of food in one feeding should not exceed 300-350 ml. The diet consists of three main meals per day and two snacks. It is considered optimal when breakfast is 25% of the total energy density of the diet, lunch is 30–35%, dinner is 20%, and additional meals are about 10%. In general, the child can eat the same food as the rest of the family. nine0003
In the diet of a child of 1–3 years of age , must be present daily: meat of animals or poultry, dairy and sour-milk products, vegetables, fruits, bread, cereals, vegetable and butter; fish and eggs are included in the diet 2-3 times a week.
Cereal products: bread - 2-3 servings per day, cereals and side dishes - 1 time per day
Fruit and/or vegetables: at least 5 times a day
Dairy products: at least 3 servings per day (including those used to make cereals, yoghurts, fermented milk drinks, cottage cheese, infant formula or breast milk). nine0003
Domestic pediatricians recommend, when compiling a diet for children aged 1–3 years, preference should be given to specialized children's dairy products of industrial production that meet high quality requirements and safety indicators for this age. Most children's dairy products are additionally enriched with vitamins and/or minerals and other biologically active components, taking into account the physiological needs of children of this age. At the same time, in foreign recommendations, children over 1 year old are offered the gradual introduction of whole cow's milk, which is rich in fats necessary for proper growth and development, the absorption of vitamins A and D, the development of the child's brain and nervous system. nine0003
Meat dishes: 2-3 times a day
Fish dishes: 2-3 servings per week
Eggs: 2-3 per week
Dietary fats: 3-4 teaspoons of butter and/or vegetable oils per day
When cooking, use the minimum amount of salt and sugar, and do not add them to industrial products.
Offer your child a variety of foods and let them choose for themselves. Children love to eat on their own, so if possible, offer food that the child can eat with their hands. nine0003
It is important to remember that a baby can choke on pieces of food, so whatever you give your baby should be crushed or cut into small pieces that can be easily chewed.
Do not give to a small child: nuts, whole grapes, cherry tomatoes (unless quartered), whole carrots, seeds (such as pumpkin or sunflower seeds), round candies, legumes, raisins, because a child can eat them choke.
Also in the diet of children of the first 3 years of life should not be present:
Mushrooms; canned snacks, pickled vegetables and fruits
Home canned food
Dry concentrates for side dishes
Hot sauces, mustard, horseradish, pepper, vinegar, mayonnaise
Juices and drinks in the form of dry concentrates; sweet carbonated drinks
Products containing food additives (flavorings, dyes of artificial origin, including chewing gum), popcorn
Combined fats; cakes and pastries
It is important to remember that children of this age should not be given too spicy and spicy foods.
How to feed a child at 1 year old? Balanced baby nutrition: sample diet
Proper nutrition of a child in a year is an important condition for harmonious growth and development. In addition, a properly composed diet helps to strengthen the immune system. Receiving new products, the baby gradually gets acquainted with the diet. Pediatricians advise paying attention to the child's diet, its proper balancing. nine0003
Nuances of nutrition
The diet of a child in 1 year is subject to the following principles:
- should be complete, meet all the needs of the body, provide vitamins, micro- and macroelements;
- diversity. As many combined foods as possible should be present in the diet daily;
- all food must be chopped.
To properly balance the diet, it is necessary to include specialized foods. They should be designed according to the needs of the child's body in a year. If you have any doubts or questions regarding the nutrition of your baby, you can seek advice from our doctors. They will remotely select an individual diet, tell you about all the nuances of the nutrition of one-year-old babies. nine0003
Diet must not be violated
The most advantageous is the diet according to the schedule. An individual nutrition program contributes to the rapid accustoming of the child to the daily routine. Even intervals between meals will not let the baby get hungry. According to the WHO, a child's diet at 1 year old should include breakfast, lunch, dinner, and an afternoon snack.
Meal plan for the day:nine0080
9.00 - breakfast
If the child gets up early, in this case it is permissible to feed an hour earlier. All other meals are shifted by an hour
Before dinner, it is recommended to take a walk, which will increase the appetite. For long walks, a snack is allowed two hours before the main meal.
16.30 - afternoon snack
The amount of food is small. Eating easy
Dinner is served on the table two hours before bedtime.
Important! When preparing food, it is necessary to refuse zazharki, fatty and fried foods. The first meat broths merge. Salt and sugar are added in a minimal amount.
Which products to prefer
WHO recommends including the following foods in the children's menu: nine0003
- dairy products. Children under the age of one year do not give milk in its pure form. It is replaced with breast milk or mixtures. Kefir and yogurt are introduced gradually. Their fat content should not exceed 3.2 percent. Sour cream and cheeses are allowed to be given no more than twice a week;
- cereals. Porridge for a one-year-old child is given only for children. Adult coarse cereals are poorly digested in the baby's body. Allowed: oatmeal, buckwheat, millet, corn, rice porridge; nine0066
- vegetables fruits. By the age of 1, the child is familiar with apples, pears, bananas, prunes, zucchini, broccoli, carrots, potatoes. After a year, kiwi, beets, peas, apricots, beans are introduced into the diet. Legumes are given twice a week. The rest of the vegetables and fruits are allowed for use every day;
- meat fish. Hake, pollock, cod are given twice a week, low-fat meat varieties - daily;
- oil. Butter and vegetable oils are added to ready meals. If the child already chews well enough, it is permissible to smear butter on bread. vegetable oils are chosen only unrefined; nine0066
- eggs. Up to a year it is allowed to introduce quail eggs, after a year they give chicken no more than three times a week.
Case study: One-year-old Pasha's mother made the following menu for him for the day, which she plans to feed him until he is 1. 5 years old: For breakfast, porridge/vegetable dishes, cottage cheese 200 g, drink 100 ml. Lunch consists of salad - 30 g, soup - 50 g, second meat course - 50 g, vegetables / cereals - 70 g, compote - 100 ml. For an afternoon snack, mom offers ryazhenka or kefir - 150 ml, cookies, crackers - 15 g, juice, fruits - 100 g. For dinner, cereals / cottage cheese / vegetables are served - 180 g, fermented milk products - 100 ml, fruits - 50 g. nine0003
Further, the weight of the products will gradually increase with the age of Pasha. Mom made up the optimal variant of the diet together with specialists.
Prohibited products for children from the year
The list of products not recommended for baby food includes:
- any kind of sausages, sausages;
- fried food;
- smoked meats;
- exotic vegetables, fruits; nine0066
- caramel, chewing gum;
- products containing flavor enhancers, dyes; flavors.
Children are limited in food with a lot of cholesterol, nuts. The latter can cause an allergic reaction. It is not advisable to give mushrooms, as they overload the child's digestive tract. For all questions, you can contact our doctors at any time of the day. They will remotely adjust the diet and help balance it. nine0003
Norm of food per day for a one-year-old child
The total daily calorie content should not be less than or more than 1300 Kcal. However, these figures are relative, as each child is individual. Someone develops quickly, and someone vice versa. And such children may need a supplement in the diet.
For breakfast, babies should consume at least 300 ml, for lunch - 420 ml, for an afternoon snack - 180 ml, for dinner - 300 ml. nine0003
Dr. Komarovsky advises to purchase only seasonal products. In his opinion, they will be able to provide the maximum benefit for the growing body of the child.
Daily menu for a one year old baby
Experienced doctors recommend feeding the baby up to 6 times a day. There should be 4 main meals.
In the morning, it is preferable to give milk porridge. Milk is diluted with water before use. Proportions for cereals: 200 ml of milk per 2 tablespoons of cereals. Twice a week it is permissible to serve an omelet from 1 egg. Prepare an omelette for a couple. You can add dill. It stimulates digestion. Wash down with compote, weak tea. nine0003
Yogurts and fruit purees are allowed here. They stimulate the production of gastric juice, digestion. A healthy snack is a baked apple with cookies. Fruit purees from jars, children's drinking yogurts are suitable.
Lunch is the main meal. It can be only the first or second course, or maybe all together. Soups are cooked thick, rich, satisfying. Broths are prepared on boneless pulp. The first is drained, and vegetables are added to the second broth. Let's add some oil. The second offers cereals on the water, vegetables, salads, meat or fish. Spices, roasts are excluded. nine0003
For a small snack, cottage cheese casseroles, milk porridges, cheesecakes, cookies with compote, milk are suitable. Cow's milk is administered with caution. Start with small amounts, diluted with water. Observe the reaction, as cow's milk is considered an allergen.
Dinner is scheduled five hours after the afternoon snack. Vegetable puree, porridge, stew with meat or fish are served. It is allowed to add a little oil to the stew. nine0003
When breastfeeding, the second dinner is allowed in the form of mother's milk. Children who are used to eating at night are gradually weaned from night feedings.
What to consider when formulating a diet
The nutrition of a one-year-old child should be in compliance with the regimen. You can also create a kind of ritual that will look like a joint table setting, decoration with bright napkins, original food serving.nine0002 If for some reason the child refuses to eat this or that product, he is not completely excluded from the diet. It is recommended to add it in small quantities, mixing with the main dish.
If the baby refuses to eat, it is recommended to shift the time. Perhaps the child did not have time to get hungry. Or you can go for a walk and work up an appetite.
All meals are served in order. Don't put everything on the table at once. In this case, the baby will be confused, will try to try everything at once. nine0003
It is necessary to introduce new products with caution, in turn, starting with small portions. At the same time, the reaction of a small organism to innovations is closely monitored. In case of allergic reactions, the product is completely excluded.
Sweets in the form of confectionery, sweets, chocolate are not offered to kids. Small amounts of honey, syrups, jams, dried fruits, cookies are allowed.
FAQnine0002 What must be present in the menu of a child at 1 year old?
The diet must be present: meat, dairy products, fruits, vegetables, bread, butter. Fish and eggs are given up to three times a week.
What are the most common mistakes parents make when preparing meals?
The most common mistake is a monotonous diet, consisting of the same products. It is important to try to feed your baby a variety of foods. This will allow him not only to get acquainted with new products, but also to replenish the stocks of necessary substances. nine0003
Is it permissible to include solid food in the diet if the teeth erupted a little?
Solid foods help form healthy eating habits. In addition, it is useful for teething. Hard pieces help form the correct bite.
Should I put my baby to sleep after eating?
After eating, the baby is drawn to sleep. However, putting him to bed right away is not right. If the child walked a lot, spent a lot of energy, in this case, yes, it is allowed to sleep after eating.