Food introduction baby chart

Baby formula feeding chart: How much formula by weight and age

Is your baby getting too much or too little formula? It's an important question that worries many new parents, especially those with newborns. When deciding how much formula to give your baby, it's important to watch their hunger cues as well as looking at guidelines based on age and weight. In general, before they're eating solids, babies need 2.5 ounces of formula per pound of body weight each day.

These guidelines are for babies who are exclusively formula-fed for the first 4 to 6 months, and then fed a combination of formula and solids up to age 1. If your baby is getting a combination of breast milk and formula, talk to their doctor for separate advice.

Your pediatrician can tell you where your baby falls on the growth charts, make sure they're growing steadily on their own growth curve, and help you ensure that they're getting a healthy amount of formula. If you're ever worried about your baby's growth, behavior, or development, talk with their doctor.

How much formula for a newborn

For the first few days, offer your newborn 1 to 2 ounces of formula every 2 or 3 hours. (At first, newborns may only take a half ounce of formula at a time.)

After the first few days, give your newborn 2 to 3 ounces of formula every 3 to 4 hours.

Initially it's best to feed your formula-fed newborn on demand, whenever they show signs that they're hungry. Because your little one can't tell you when they want a bottle, you'll need to learn to read their hunger cues. Crying is often a late sign of hunger, so if you can, try to catch the earlier signs that it's time for a feeding.

Here are some hunger cues to watch for:

  • Smacking or licking their lips
  • Rooting (moving their jaw, mouth, or head in search of food)
  • Putting their hands to their mouth
  • Opening their mouth
  • Fussiness
  • Sucking on things
  • Becoming more alert
  • Crying

As time passes, your newborn will begin to develop a fairly regular feeding schedule. You'll become familiar with their cues and needs, and knowing when and how much to feed them will be much easier.

Formula feeding chart by weight

During the first 4 to 6 months, when your baby isn't eating solid foods, here's a simple rule of thumb: Offer 2.5 ounces of formula per pound of body weight every 24 hours, with a maximum of about 32 ounces.

Weight Ounces of formula
6 pounds 15 fl oz every 24 hours
7 pounds 17.5 fl oz every 24 hours
8 pounds 20 fl oz every 24 hours
9 pounds 22.5 fl oz every 24 hours
10 pounds 25 fl oz every 24 hours
11 pounds 27.5 fl oz every 24 hours
12 pounds 30 fl oz every 24 hours

These numbers aren't rigid rules. They offer a rough estimate for what your baby may need. Some babies will grow well while taking less than the recommended amount, while others consistently need more. Your baby's daily feedings will also vary according to their individual needs – in other words, they may want a bit more on some days and a bit less on others.

Formula feeding chart by age

Here are typical amounts per day based on age:

Age Ounces of formula
Full-term newborn 2 ounces per bottle every 3 to 4 hours
1 month old 3 to 4 ounces per bottle every 3 to 4 hours
2 month old 4 to 5 ounces per bottle every 3 to 4 hours
3 month old 4 to 6 ounces per bottle every 3 to 4 hours
4 month old 4 to 6 ounces per bottle, 4 to 6 times a day
5 month old 4 to 6 ounces per bottle, 4 to 6 times a day
6 month old 6 to 8 ounces per bottle, 4 to 5 times a day
7 month old 6 to 8 ounces per bottle, 3 to 5 times a day

From 8 months old until their first birthday, you can expect your baby to have 7 to 8 ounces per bottle, 3 to 4 times a day.

As your baby gets older – and their tummy gets bigger – they'll drink fewer bottles a day with more formula in each. It's important not to overfeed your baby so they'll stay at a healthy weight. Your baby shouldn't have more than 32 ounces of formula in 24 hours.

When they reach their first birthday, they can stop drinking formula and transition to cow's milk in a bottle, sippy cup, straw cup, or open cup. Limit your toddler to 16 to 24 ounces (2 to 2.5 cups) a day of whole milk, so they have room for other healthy foods.

Signs that your baby's getting enough formula

Here are signs that your baby's getting all the formula they need:

  • Steady weight gain. They continue to gain weight after their first 10 days and follow a healthy growth curve during their first year. (Most babies lose up to 7 to 10 percent of their birth weight in the first few days and then regain it by the time they're about 2 weeks old.)
  • Happy baby. They seem relaxed and satisfied after a feeding.
  • Wet diapers. They wet two to three diapers a day in the first few days after birth. Over the next few days, the amount should increase to at least five to six wet diapers a day.

Signs your baby's getting too much formula

Babies are usually good at eating the amount they need, but bottle-fed babies can drink too much at times. Here are the signs that they're getting too much formula:

  • Vomiting after a feeding may be a sign that your baby had too much. (Spitting up is normal, vomiting isn't.)
  • Tummy pain after a feeding can also be a sign of overfeeding. If your baby draws up their legs or their tummy seems tense, they may be in pain. (See other possible reasons for stomach pain in babies.)

If your baby seems to want to eat all the time, even after finishing a bottle, talk to your pediatrician. Using a pacifier may help soothe their need to suck.

Formula-feeding tips

  • In general, babies eat when they're hungry and stop when they're full, so resist the temptation to encourage your baby to finish each bottle. Overfeeding during infancy can contribute to obesity later in life.
  • Don't respond to your baby's every cry with a bottle. They may be crying because their diaper is wet, they're cold or hot, they need to be burped, or they want to be close to you. (Learn more about why babies cry, and how to soothe them.)
  • Your baby may be hungrier than usual during growth spurts. These typically occur 10 to 14 days after birth and around 3 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months of age.

Read more:

  • Formula Feeding Problem Solver
  • How to safely store and use formula

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How much should my baby eat? A guide to baby food portions

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Wondering how much to feed your baby? This can be hard to figure out, especially when you're starting solids and most of your baby's food ends up on your little one or the floor. It's also difficult to determine how much an 8-month-old (or older baby) should eat – babies this age are more interested in solid foods but still get most of their nutrition from breast milk or formula. This visual guide to baby food portions can help you figure out how much your baby should eat at every stage.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

How much should my baby eat?

Do you worry that your baby is eating too little or too much? Your baby will self-regulate her food intake based on what their body needs, so let their appetite be your guide.

It's helpful to have a reference point, however. Here are photos of how much solid food a baby typically eats in a day. You can also ask your baby's doctor for feeding advice.

This visual guide shows:

  • Portions for infants who are new to solids (typically 4 to 6 months)
  • Two sample meals for a younger baby (6 to 8 months)
  • Three sample meals and two snacks for an older baby (8 to 12 months) from a menu developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)

Your little one may eat less or more than what's shown here. Your job is to provide a variety of healthy foods at regular intervals without pressure, and their job is to decide what and how much to eat.

Photo credit: / UntitledImages

Watch for signs your baby is full

Lots of factors – including activity level, growth spurts or plateaus, illness, and teething – will affect your baby's appetite, which can vary daily.

End feeding when they signal that they're done. Signs of being full include:

  • Turning their head away
  • Refusing to open their mouth for another bite after they've swallowed (resist the urge to encourage your baby to have one last spoonful)
  • Leaning back in their chair
  • Playing with the spoon or food rather than eating

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

How much a 4- to 6-month-old should eat

When your baby is developmentally ready for solids, typically around 4 to 6 months, talk to their doctor about introducing solid foods. The first bites are mostly about them getting used to the idea of having something different in their mouth.

  • Start with a very small amount, 1 to 2 teaspoons, of a single-ingredient puree.
  • Gradually increase to 1 to 2 tablespoons of food once a day.
  • Follow your baby's fullness cues.

Popular first foods include pureed mango, banana, chicken, turkey, beef, peas, sweet potatoes, and infant cereal. It's up to you what food to start with, but wait 3 to 5 days between introducing each new food to make sure your baby doesn't have an allergic reaction or food intolerance. (And remember, no cow's milk or honey until age 1.)

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

How much a 6- to 8-month-old should eat

As your little one gets more comfortable with solids, you can increase the frequency of meals and variety of food.

  • Transition from one to two meals a day, typically by 8 months.
  • Over time, add a second food to each meal. The photo above is an example of a meal with two foods.
  • Once you've worked up to two meals with two foods each, aim for a balance of proteins, vegetables, fruits, and grains in their daily diet.
  • Whenever you introduce a new food, start with a very small amount, a teaspoon or two, to allow your baby to get used to its flavor and texture.
  • Start with a soupy consistency. Gradually add more texture as their eating skills improve.

Expect their intake of breast milk or formula to go down. They'll start drinking less of it as they eat more solid foods. Provide healthy options at mealtimes, and let them choose how much to eat.

Note: The jars in all photos are standard 4-ounce baby food jars.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

Breakfast for a younger baby (6 to 8 months)

Cereal and fruit make an easy combination for a morning meal.

Grain: Iron-fortified, whole-grain infant cereal is a popular first grain. At 6 months, a typical daily portion of infant cereal mixed with breast milk or formula might be 2 to 3 tablespoons, increasing to 4 to 8 tablespoons (1/4 to 1/2 cup) by 8 months. (It's best to avoid rice cereal, though.)

Fruit: Babies love the natural sweetness of fruits like pears, apples, berries, prunes, and stone fruits. Between 6 and 8 months, a baby will typically transition from about 2 to 3 tablespoons of fruit puree a day to 4 to 8 tablespoons (1/4 to 1/2 cup) of mashed or minced fruit.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

Dinner for a younger baby (6 to 8 months)

If you serve a grain and fruit in the morning, consider offering a protein-rich food and vegetable later in the day. Your child may eat more or less than the amounts shown.

Protein: A baby might transition from eating 1 to 2 tablespoons of meat puree at 6 months to 2 to 4 tablespoons at 8 months, for example. Other good protein sources include cheese, unsweetened plain whole-milk yogurt, tofu, beans, and lentils.

Vegetables: Between 6 and 8 months, a baby will typically transition from about 2 to 3 tablespoons of vegetable puree a day to 4 to 8 tablespoons (1/4 to 1/2 cup). Try classic favorites like carrots, spinach, or butternut squash, as well as less traditional first foods such as parsnips, beets, or asparagus.

As your child's eating skills improve, gradually add more texture by dicing or mincing foods.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

How much an 8- to 12-month-old should eat

By 8 months or so, your baby is likely getting the hang of eating and needs to eat more calories to support their growing body. But since their little belly can't hold a lot of food, they'll need to eat more often. Every baby is different, but this may be a good time to try offering a third solid food meal.

During this period:

  • Continue to give your baby breast milk or formula.
  • Add morning and afternoon snacks. (Some babies this age are happy with breast milk or formula as their snack, while others gravitate toward solid foods. ) Once you've added a third meal and snacks, your baby will be eating or drinking something about every two to three hours.
  • Continue to aim for a mix of proteins, vegetables, fruits, and grains.
  • Introduce coarser and chunkier textures, for example, by dicing or mincing food instead of pureeing it, and graduate to soft finger foods as your baby's eating skills improve.
  • Avoid foods with added sugars. Check the Nutrition Facts label on packaged foods, and try to steer clear of foods that list 1 gram or more of "Added Sugars."
  • Provide healthy options, and let your baby choose how much to eat.

To visualize daily portions for an 8- to 12-month-old, check out the following photos of a typical day's menu for a baby this age, developed by the AAP.

Your child may eat more or less than these amounts. If you're concerned about how much your baby is eating, talk to their doctor for advice.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

Breakfast for an older baby (8 to 12 months)

The AAP sample menu for a baby 8 to 12 months features a breakfast consisting of:

  • 4 to 8 tablespoons (1/4 to 1/2 cup) whole-grain infant cereal mixed with formula or breast milk
  • 4 to 8 tablespoons (1/4 to 1/2 cup) diced fruit

Note: This is an example. Your baby may eat different foods and amounts.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

Morning snack for an older baby (8 to 12 months)

The AAP sample menu for a baby 8 to 12 months features a morning snack consisting of:

  • 4 tablespoons (1/4 cup) diced cheese or cooked vegetables

Note: This is an example of a morning snack, which babies typically add sometime between 8 and 12 months. Your baby may eat different foods and amounts.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

Lunch for an older baby (8 to 12 months)

The AAP sample menu for a baby 8 to 12 months features a lunch consisting of:

  • 4 to 8 tablespoons (1/4 to 1/2 cup) unsweetened plain whole-milk yogurt or cottage cheese, or minced meat
  • 4 to 8 tablespoons (1/4 to 1/2 cup) diced or mashed yellow or orange vegetable

Note: This is an example. Your baby may eat different foods and amounts.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

Afternoon snack for an older baby (8 to 12 months)

The AAP sample menu for a baby 8 to 12 months features an afternoon snack consisting of:

  • 4 tablespoons (1/4 cup) diced fruit or unsweetened plain whole-milk yogurt
  • 1 whole-grain teething biscuit or cracker

Note: This is an example of an afternoon snack, which babies typically add sometime between 8 and 12 months. Your baby may eat different foods and amounts.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

Dinner for older baby (8 to 12 months)

The AAP sample menu for a baby 8 to 12 months features a dinner consisting of:

  • 4 tablespoons (1/4 cup) minced or ground poultry or meat, or diced tofu
  • 4 to 8 tablespoons (1/4 to 1/2) cup diced, cooked green vegetable
  • 4 tablespoons (1/4 cup) noodles, pasta, rice, or potato
  • 4 tablespoons (1/4 cup) diced fruit

Note: This is an example. Your baby may eat different foods and amounts.

Photo credit: Karla Martin for BabyCenter

How much should my baby drink once they start eating solids?

Breast milk or formula will fully meet your child's hydration needs until they're about 6 months old. They may start drinking less as solid foods become a bigger part of their diet. Here are typical daily amounts by age – your baby's intake may be different, however.

6 to 8 months: 24 to 32 ounces of formula, or continued breastfeeding on demand

8 to 12 months: 24 ounces of formula, or continued breastfeeding on demand

Water: You can offer your baby water once they start eating solids, but let them self-regulate how much they drink. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends giving babies who are 6 to 12 months old 4 to 6 ounces of water a day, but what your baby decides to drink may vary. They may drink more on a hot day, for example.

Avoid juice: Juice isn't recommended for babies younger than 12 months.

Photo credit: / SDI Productions

Your baby has the final say

Keep in mind that these portions are an estimate. The truth is, every baby is different, and there's no set amount of food that's appropriate for every baby at every stage.

If you're worried about whether your baby is eating enough – or too much – the best advice is to look for and respond to signs that your baby is full.

Your baby's doctor will chart their weight gain at regular intervals. If the doctor sees a consistent growth curve and doesn't have other concerns, your baby is most likely eating the right amount of food.

Hungry for more?

Age-by-age guide to feeding your baby

The 10 best foods for babies

The worst foods for babies

Using spices and seasoning in baby food

Elizabeth Dougherty

Elizabeth Dougherty is a veteran parenting writer and editor who's been contributing to BabyCenter since 2015. She's an intrepid traveler, devoted yogi, and longtime resident of Silicon Valley, where she lives with her husband and son.

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Pregnancy is a kind of test for the body, so a woman should make sure that he has the strength not only to bear the child, but also to ensure normal lactation. Of great importance in this is a balanced diet that supplies vitamins, elements, proteins, fats and carbohydrates necessary for the mother and the developing fetus.


Gluten in baby food

Kashi occupy one of the most important places in the structure of baby food. They are favorably distinguished by high nutritional value, the content of almost all nutrients - dietary fiber, carbohydrates, fats, vegetable proteins, a number of vitamins and minerals. It is no coincidence that it is cereals that are included in the diet of babies as the first complementary foods. However, this should be done with extreme caution, because in addition to all the listed nutrients, cereals contain gluten.


Vitamins in baby food

Vita - translated from Latin means "life" - the name itself determines the mandatory intake of these substances into the body. Indeed, who among modern people does not know about the benefits of vitamins for maintaining health? This is an extensive group of compounds that do not have nutritional value, but are necessary for the coordinated work of all organs and systems. Vitamins can be compared to an orchestra - each of them plays a role in the body.


The best food for thought

Genetics determines a lot in our lives, but everyone knows that a child is not born a genius or a fool. Human intelligence depends on hereditary predisposition, but external factors play the most important role in the realization of what is laid down by nature. A child's environment and personal experiences at an early age have a strong influence on intelligence.


Learning to live with taste

When we raise a baby, we are often guided by the recommendations of our mothers and grandmothers - in a word, those principles that are considered traditional. The same applies to nutrition - we often exclude from the menu of our crumbs everything that has one or another pronounced taste, leaving only a limited set of neutral products. However, in some other countries, the nutrition of babies is treated differently - seasonings and flavors are added to their diet from an early age, in our opinion, only acceptable for adults. Why?


How to feed a capricious?

For a loving mother, such a situation as a baby who “constantly does not eat enough” is comparable, perhaps, with the global financial crisis or tsunami. Thousands of articles and megabytes of texts on the Internet are devoted to the problem of whims at the table. Is there a solution to this, such a global issue that worries many generations of parents?


Defeat allergies from the first spoon

Allergy is an unpleasant disease that more and more often overtakes us and our kids. But this is not a reason to get upset and limit your baby in everything - today we are offered a wide range of delicious products that allow us to provide a versatile low-allergenic diet.


Buckwheat porridge for first feeding

Buckwheat porridge for the first feeding: useful tips from Bebi. How to cook (breed or boil) buckwheat porridge for a child. On the Bebi website you will learn how to cook and introduce buckwheat porridge into complementary foods.


First meal with rice porridge

First feeding with rice porridge: how to prepare rice porridge for feeding a baby. Tips for compiling a menu for babies, nutritional features for the first feeding. Learn how to cook rice porridge for babies.


Formula-fed complementary foods

The introduction of complementary foods for a child with artificial feeding: when to introduce the first complementary foods, tables and nutrition patterns for babies by months on the Bebi website. Rules for the introduction of complementary foods, norms and features of the menu for newborn babies. When and how to start complementary foods with artificial feeding, the order of administration with a schedule.


Complementary foods with cereals: what to start with and how to introduce

Porridges for the first feeding of a child: which one is better to start with and how to properly introduce the second porridge into complementary foods. On the Bebi website you can read how to start feeding a baby with dairy-free and milk porridges, which ones can be given after 6 months, in what sequence new porridges should be introduced into the baby's diet.


Complementary foods by months

First feeding by month: a complete description of the introduction of complementary foods for a child with artificial and breastfeeding from Bebi. The recommended order of introducing complementary foods in the table.


Complementary foods while breastfeeding

Complementary foods during breastfeeding: a table of complementary foods for a child by months on the Bebi website. Rules for the introduction of the first complementary foods for children: how and when to start introducing for a breastfed baby, a daily schedule, the correct complementary foods menu.


How much does a newborn eat per feeding?

How much does a newborn eat per feeding? What volume of milk in ml should a baby suck? Learn more about newborn nutrition on the BEBI website.


How to introduce artificial feeding: how to switch from breastfeeding to artificial feeding


Is it necessary to give water to newborns during breastfeeding and artificial feeding


Feeding regimen during artificial feeding of a child: basic rules for feeding and regimen of a newborn


Cereals and vegetables in baby foods

Porridges and vegetables in complementary foods for a baby: are foods compatible in a baby's diet? We study the rules of compatibility of products in baby food. Find out more information on the BEBI.RU blog.


When to give cookies to a child?

When can cow's milk be given to an infant? What should I do if my baby is allergic to protein? Komarovsky's recommendations and much more in the BEBI.RU blog.


When can a baby have cow's milk?

When can cow's milk be given to an infant? What should I do if my baby is allergic to protein? Komarovsky's recommendations and much more in the BEBI. RU blog.


Corn porridge: the first food for babies

The first feeding with corn porridge: how to cook deliciously and which dish is healthier - with milk or water? Read how to cook and introduce corn gruel to babies to avoid allergies. Read on BEBI.RU.


Oatmeal for baby: introduction to complementary foods

Oatmeal for the first feeding: from how many months can you introduce oatmeal to a child. How to cook porridge for babies: recipes for water and milk for children of all ages. Read on BEBI.RU.


Vegetables or porridge: what to choose for the first feeding?

Porridge or vegetables: where to start the first complementary foods? Experts recommend what to introduce first - porridge or vegetables. Find out more on the BEBI.RU blog.


Why is porridge called milk and not with milk?

Why is porridge called "milk" and not "with milk"? The material in our article will help to dot the "and" in this matter. Find out more on the BEBI.RU blog.


Why does a child refuse complementary foods and what to do about it?

The child refuses complementary foods: the reasons for the sharp refusal of the baby from food. Why and how to behave to the mother so that the baby begins to eat complementary foods? Komarovsky's recommendations and much more in BEBI.RU.


The child does not eat porridge: what to do?

Reasons why a child refuses porridge. Expert advice on what to do if the baby does not want to eat porridge. Read on BEBI.RU.


The child does not want to eat meat and fish

The introduction of meat into complementary foods does not always go smoothly. Reasons why a child does not want to eat meat and fish. Expert advice on what to do if the baby refuses meat.


Infant allergy to complementary foods

Can an allergy occur when introducing complementary foods to a baby? How allergic reactions manifest in children with complementary foods, what to do and how to continue introducing complementary foods - read on BEBI. RU.


What to do when teething and the child does not eat well

Expert advice on what to do when your child is teething and refuses to eat or eats poorly.


Newborn weight gain rate by months

Specialists regularly evaluate whether the development of the child corresponds to the age norm, how significant deviations from the standards are and what they are connected with. Weight gain in newborns by months in the first year of life has its own dynamics, which must be monitored. We will tell you in detail in the BEBI.RU blog.

Nutrition for preschoolers

A significant difference in the nutrition of children aged 3 to 7 years is the increase in its energy value, which is necessary to ensure increasing physical activity. The recommended norms for the physiological need for energy for this age are already an impressive 1800 kcal per day. Although the ratio of proteins, fats, carbohydrates remains the same (1:1:4), the qualitative composition of the diet is of great importance. This is due to the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the body of a child of preschool age.

This age is in a certain respect a transitional one: almost all organs of the body (with the exception of the reproductive system) by the age of 7 acquire their characteristic structure. In the nervous tissue, the formation of dendrites of nerve cells ends, in connection with which the processes of interconnection between different parts of the brain improve. The work of the motor area of ​​the cortex improves - the movements of a preschool child are more coordinated and varied. By the age of 6-7, the child masters the main types of movements - walking, running, jumping, climbing, throwing, as well as complex techniques that require high coordination (writing, etc.).

A preschooler differs from an adult in amazing mobility, a huge mass of movements performed during the day without obvious signs of fatigue. To a certain extent, this is due to the fact that a child of this age spends much less energy from the basal metabolism on his movements than an adult (15% versus 25% for an adult).

Metabolism in a preschooler is 2-2.5 times higher than in adults. The assimilation processes that ensure the growth and development of the child predominate. The energy expenditure of the child's body can only be provided by a balanced diet.

Preschool age is the most favorable for educating children in the right habits, for assimilating cultural traditions, forming taste preferences, eating behavior stereotypes, and forming the principles of proper nutrition.

Forming the foundations of a child's proper nutrition is, first of all, mastering useful skills that will help him in everyday life. Already at preschool age, you can teach your child to independently determine the time of the main meals by the clock. Nutrition by the clock is important at any age, but its importance is especially great for children 6-7 years old, as there is an active growth and maturation of the body. The child should have the formation of the idea that daily food is necessarily breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea and dinner.

Dietary diversity - the task is to form a diverse taste horizon so that the child likes different foods and dishes. We need to help him understand that tasty, not always healthy food. Children also need to form an idea of ​​how much food is enough, insufficient and excessive.

At this age, you can start teaching your child the basics of food safety, which is provided by 3 conditions - this is personal hygiene, the ability to distinguish between fresh and stale foods, careful handling of unfamiliar foods . The child needs to know if there are doubts about the freshness of the products, that is, it cannot be. The same attitude must be formed towards unfamiliar products, as they may contain allergens that are hazardous to health. Acquaintance with such products should only be in the presence of an adult.

It is very important to form a positive attitude towards food intake in a child. The child should have fun - eating should take place in a warm, cozy atmosphere, at a beautifully laid table. During the meal, you need to pay attention to how the food is deliciously cooked, how varied it is, and discuss the merits of the dishes. Teach children to describe a dish by smell, taste and appearance.

The intervals between individual meals should not exceed 3.5 hours. Breakfast should provide 20-25%, lunch - 35-40%, afternoon snack - 15%, dinner - 20-25% of the daily requirement for nutrients. Dinner is recommended 1.5-2 hours before bedtime. Five meals a day may also be optimal. If children visit preschool institutions, the main part of the daily food allowance (at least 70%) the child receives there.

The menu of preschoolers already includes more solid dishes: stewed vegetables, crumbly cereals (buckwheat, corn, millet, rice), boiled rice, pilaf, dumplings, roast. Instead of cereals, you can give children boiled pasta, pancakes. Apples, oranges and other fruits must be used whole in order to train the chewing apparatus and strengthen the roots of the teeth. For breakfast and dinner, it is advisable to prepare salads from fresh vegetables and fruits.

Sufficient variety and optimal combination of dishes is required. During the day, children should receive two vegetable and one cereal dish. Seasonal dietary habits should be taken into account. In the summer, when motor energy consumption increases, children are more outdoors, daily calorie content can be increased by 10% due to complex carbohydrates. In the winter-spring period, nutrition should have a protein-carbohydrate and vitamin focus, enriched with fiber (vegetables). Of the sweets, marshmallows, marshmallows, caramel, dry biscuits in the most modest quantities are acceptable.

Smoked sausages, canned snacks, fatty beef, lamb and pork, chocolate and chocolates, some spices (black pepper, horseradish, mustard) are not recommended for preschool children. These foods often contain allergens, significant amounts of salt and fat.

Given the immaturity of the immune system, digestive organs and chewing apparatus of preschool children, they also need special culinary processing of products and dishes, which includes the exclusion of frying products, providing mechanical sparing (cooking meat and poultry in the form of cutlets), boiling and chopping vegetables, the widespread use of various types of puddings and casseroles, the exclusion of fish bones from getting into dishes that a child can choke on.

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