One year old baby food chart list
Sample Menu for a 1-Year-Old Child
Ages & Stages
Babies and young toddlers should get about half of their calories from fat. Healthy fats are very important for normal growth and development at this stage of their development.
All fats are not created equal, though. Healthy fats like those found in avocado, olive oil, fish, nut butters, and dairy are good for your child (and you). Unhealthy fats such as those found in fried foods, fast foods and many packaged foods are not healthy at any age. If you keep your child's daily caloric intake at about 1,000 calories, you needn't worry about overfeeding and risk of weight gain
Here is a sample menu for a one-year-old child who weighs about 21 pounds (9.5 kg):
1 cup = 8 ounces = 240 ml
1 ounce = 2 tablespoons = 30 ml
½ ounce = 1 tablespoon = 15 ml = 3 teaspoons
1 teaspoon = ¹⁄³ tablespoon = 5 ml
½ cup iron-fortified breakfast cereal or 1 cooked egg
½ cup whole or 2% milk
½ banana, sliced
2 to 3 large sliced strawberries
1 slice toast or whole-wheat muffin with 1–2 tablespoons cream cheese or peanut butter, or ½ cup yogurt with cut-up fruit
Water or ½ cup whole or 2% milk
½ sandwich: sliced turkey or chicken, tuna, egg salad or peanut butter
½ cup cooked green vegetables
½ cup whole or 2% milk
1 to 2 ounces cubed or string cheese, or
2 to 3 tablespoons fruit or berries
Water or ½ cup whole or 2% milk
2 to 3 ounces cooked meat, ground or diced
½ cup cooked yellow or orange vegetables
½ cup whole-grain pasta or potato
½ cup whole or 2% milk
Talk with your child's pediatrician if you have any questions or concerns about your baby's diet.
- Discontinuing the Bottle
- Unsafe Foods for Toddlers
- Selecting Snacks for Toddlers
- Water & Juice
- Last Updated
- Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5 7th Edition (Copyright © 2019 American Academy of Pediatrics)
The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.
1 Year (12 Months) Old Baby Food Chart Along with Recipes
The average age for teething in children is between six to twelve months. With teeth, comes the ability to crunch and chomp down new, solid foods. But what exactly can you feed your baby?
Video: Food Ideas for 1 Year Old Baby
Also Read: Sample Meal Plan for 1 Year Old Baby
Foods for your Twelve Month Old Baby
There is no need to stress about preparing special food for your one year old. Whatever the rest of your family eats can be eaten by them too. You only need to take care to avoid as much salt in the food as possible. Of course, this does rule out most take-away and restaurant food, as they usually contain a lot of salt.
All time classic! Cereals like flaked corn soften with milk and are easy to digest.Try to get whole grain cereal, as much as possible.
Cut up cucumbers are a rejuvenating snack anytime of the day. For your baby’s ease, the best way to cut them is lengthwise, making “cucumber-sticks” shaped like French fries. If it’s a hot summer day, a few cucumbers can easily prevent dehydration.
Dal is packed with protein, which helps in muscle development. Dal curry can be eaten with rice or chapatti and it doesn’t have a strong flavour. Be sure to cut up the chapatti into little nibble size pieces.
4. Vegetable Soup
This is easy to feed your one year old and it contains the goodness of all the vegetables you add in it. For instance, carrot soup would be good for the eyes, and potatoes contain fibre.
Soya granules are quickly becoming a standard substitute source of protein for pure vegetarians. The soft texture it becomes after cooking makes it an ideal food choice for babies.
A regular food for the family that can easily be eaten by the baby, too. The stuffing of vegetables or paneer makes it a balanced meal.
Be careful to buy organic chicken, or chicken that is certified to be free of hormonal treatments. Over cooking the chicken to make it softer is a good idea for your toddler. Also, avoid strongly spicy flavourings, and tear the cooked meat into tiny bits, removing the bones before your feed it to your child.
When preparing fish, always remember that frying it makes it lose a lot of its nutritional value, as opposed to using it in a curry. Like chicken, and indeed, more so, be very carefuhttps://parenting.firstcry.com/articles/paneer-for-babies-benefits-and-recipes/l to tear off the meat and make sure no bones remain, before you feed your child with it. Even the fine bones found in sea fish can get stuck in a toddler’s throat.
Also Read: Delicious Indian Food Recipes for 1 Year Old Baby
Video: Diet plan for 1 Year Old Baby
1 Year Old Baby Food Chart/Feeding Schedule
When planning your 12 month baby food schedule you do not have to go out of the way from your usual foods. If your weekly eating pattern has turned monotonous, this may be a good time to add a bit of colour to it, as your baby and you, both, need a well rounded, balanced diet. Here is a sample baby food chart:
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 1
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 2
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 3
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 4
|Breakfast||Dalia (broken wheat)|
Dahi (curd) with jaggery + ½ mango
Jowar (sorghum)-wheat roti + chole palak + a few cherry tomatoes
|Dinner||Roti + sabzi + dal fry|
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 5
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 6
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 1, Day 7
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 1
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 2
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 3
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 4
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 5
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 6
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 2, Day 7
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 1
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 2
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 3
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 4
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 5
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 6
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 3, Day 7
|Breakfast||Thalipeeth + milk|
|Mid-morning||Rajgira (amaranth) ladoo|
Jowar (sorghum) -wheat roti + lauki (bottle gourd) sabzi + chana dal + a few cherry tomatoes
Chana (chickpeas) powder mixed with dates ladoo
Roti + dal + a sabzi of choice + a few slices of cucumber
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 1
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 2
|Breakfast||Cheese vegetable pancake + milk|
Chopped guava or boiled carrot cubes
Jowar (sorghum)-wheat roti + chole palak + a few cherry tomatoes
Mango/ strawberry yoghurt with oats or poha (flattened rice) soaked in dahi with mashed banana
|Dinner||Curd rice with cucumber|
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 3
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 4
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 5
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 6
Diet for a 12 Month-Old – Week 4, Day 7
Video: 1 Year Old Baby Food Recipes
Best Baby Food Recipes for 1 Year Old
Make sure you get the chance to prepare the following dishes for your young one :
1. Fried Apple Rings
A quick, sweet snack!
- 1 Apple
- 1/4 cup flour
- 1/2 teaspoon sugar
- Pinch of cinnamon
- 1/2 beaten egg
- 1/4 cup buttermilk
- A pinch of salt
How to Prepare:
- Mix flour, sugar, salt, cinnamon and set aside.
- Mix egg and buttermilk in a separate bowl.
- Slice the apple into 1/4 inch thick slices discarding the core.
- Mix the 2 bowls and dip the apple rings in them and deep fry them.
You can also coat the fried pieces with powdered sugar for older kids!
2. Besan Parantha
The high protein content in besan a. k.a chickpeas and the carbohydrates in paranthas make this a balanced way to start the day!
- Whole wheat dough
- 2 tbsp besan
- 1/2 chopped onion
- Salt to taste
- 1 tsp coriander powder
- 1 tbsp chopped coriander
- 1 tsp garam masala
- 1 tsp carrom seeds
- 3-4 tsp oil
How to Prepare:
- Mix besan, onion, coriander powder, chopped coriander, carom seeds and garam masala.
- Knead this mixture into a dough wth a bit of oil. (Do not add water!)
- Use the wheat dough to make a chapatti and use the besan dough as filling.
- Cook on a tawa with ghee.
- Serve with butter or curd.
3. Ragi Laddu
Ragi is rich in iron and can help prevent anaemia by improving haemoglobin levels.
- 1 kg –Ragi Powder
- 1/2 kg – Powdered sugar
- 1/2 kg – Pure ghee
- Few Almond + cashew finely chopped
- 2 cardamom powdered
How to Prepare:
- Heat 250gms ghee in a pan and add the ragi powder to it.
- Keep roasting on low flame for almost 45 mins till it becomes darker brown.
- Add rest of ghee, chopped dry fruits and cardamom powder.
- Fry for more 10 mins on low flame .
- After it has cooled down, add powdered sugar and mix well.
- Shape into balls to form ragi laddoo!
4. Plain Khichdi
Khichdi is easy to make and can be made with many different bases, such as tomato khichdi, carrot khichdi, spinach khichdi, etc. Khichdi is traditionally known to be one of the first solid foods eaten by babies.
- 2/3 cup rice
- 1/3 cup moong or toor dal
- Garlic – 2 optional
- Hing – optional
How to Prepare:
- Wash and soak the rice and dal in water for half an hour.
- Drain the water.
- Cook all the ingredients in a pressure cooker with 3 cups of water.
- Serve with ghee
5. French Toast
A quickly readied snack suited for mornings and afternoons. Did you know that in most European languages other than English, the name for French toast, translates, literally, to “Poor Knights”?
- 2 slices brown bread
- 1 egg
- 1 small pureed banana
- ½ cup milk
How to Prepare:
- Mix together milk, pureed banana and egg.
- Beat the mixture well to a runny consistency.
- Heat the oil in a pan.
- Dip bread piece into mixture and fry.
6. Barley Porridge With Banana
This semi-solid recipe is filling and yummy, and your little one is sure to enjoy this and, ask for seconds.
- 1 cup barley
- 1 banana
- 3 cups water
How to Prepare:
- Add the water and barley in a vessel and pressure cook for 5 whistles.
- Release the pressure and check the softness of the barley. If it isn’t soft enough, let it simmer, until perfect.
- Let this cool down completely and blend until smooth.
- Chop the banana into bite sized pieces, add to the porridge, and simmer for 2 minutes.
- Serve warm.
- When using homemade baby food recipes for one year olds, do not be afraid to go for variety! Some doctors believe that staying with the same food for long can lead to them to become fussy eaters.
- The “drawback” of going for a large variety of foods, is the increase in the possibility of your child ingesting some food that they may be allergic to. In most developed countries, allergy tests are a part of due medical process for babies. We would suggest you look into the options for the same!
- Do not jump from liquid to solid food. Take it slow. Move from softer textures to semi-solid foods before going on to solid foods.
- The best time of day to feed your baby solid foods is when they have just woken up in the morning or from a nap and are high on energy!
- Do not disregard the advantage of having a high chair to feed a baby. Not only is your baby safe and secure, but it is ergonomically easier on your back too – much needed after 9 months of pregnancy and a year of picking up after your infant!
- Its never too late to create a taste for healthy food for your one year old baby. It can take up to 15 tries before a child tries a new food. So, if they didn’t eat their carrots on Monday, don’t hold back from trying on Wednesday, and even next week!
- Don’t force feed anything to your child. It’s possible that they may not be hungry or just not enjoy a particular food. If they continue to refuse any particular food over a period of time, its okay. Just like you like and dislike certain foods, kids do as well.
Eating healthy isn’t a chore; it’s a habit. And there’s no better time to start eating healthy, than when you literally start eating.
- Each child is different and so use these meal plans as a trusted guide as per your discretion. You can modify the meals according to your child’s preferences / requirements.
- Never force-feed a child.
- While preparing formula, please follow the instructions on the box and use the measuring spoon provided with it.
- While introducing solid food to a baby, initially, one needs to prepare watery gruels/soups. As a child gets older, the caretaker/ mother has to increase the thickness of the liquids slowly according to the child’s capacity to swallow. Foods that are too thick can cause stomach upset/ unnecessary load; while excessively watery food might cause the child to remain hungry.
- Some kids may eat less on some days and that is absolutely alright. However, if a child eats less for more than 3-4 consecutive days, please visit a doctor to guide further.
- A child may eat less during the teething phase or if he/she may not be feeling well. You could increase breast milk /formula feeds on those days. Re-introduce the foods once the child is back to normal.
- Don’t stop feeding if the child is suffering from diarrhoea.
- You can alter the taste of the food by adding some natural flavours like cinnamon, jeera powder, lemon juice, curry leaves etc. if the child doesn’t accept the food initially.
- If your child suffers from an allergy to nuts, gluten or eggs, please consult your doctor before feeding him/her any foods that may contain them.
Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Baby
First Foods for Baby – What Foods You Should Introduce?
Finger Foods for Infants: When & How to Introduce?
Baby Not Eating – Reasons and Feeding Tips
Detailed list of all foods for the first 90 days of introduction of complementary foods for a child.
Download the table of complementary foods in PDF format:
- Zucchini. Zucchini puree contains only 24 kcal per 100 grams of finished product. Proteins -0.6; fat - 0.3; carbohydrates - 4.6. Contains calcium, magnesium, vitamins A, C, B6 and iron. To save vitamins, we will prepare the first puree for a child for a couple. Zucchini cooks quickly, 10 minutes is enough. The first serving is 5 grams (a teaspoon), even less, at the tip of a spoon. We'll give you a taste of the new flavor. Take a small circle of zucchini (we choose the smallest, youngest baby zucchini, the puree will be sweet), wash well (you don’t need to clean and remove the seeds from young zucchini), cook for 10 minutes for a couple and grind through a sieve. Let the child try. The feeding temperature should be around 40 degrees. DEFINITELY try the puree yourself before giving it to a child! Not bitter, not sour, are there any strange aftertastes that may indicate a poor quality vegetable? We offer zucchini for 5-7 days according to the scheme: 5 grams - 10 grams - 20 - 40 - 60 - 60 - 60. The zucchini has passed the test! Let's put it aside for now and move on to the next product.
- Cauliflower. Cauliflower puree contains 33 kcal per 100 grams of finished product. Proteins, fats and carbohydrates, respectively: 1.6 / 0.7 / 5.4. Contains calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamins C and B6. To save vitamins, we cook for a couple. We divide the cabbage into small inflorescences, cook for 15 minutes. Grind the first portion (5 grams) on a sieve, prepare large portions with an immersion blender with the addition of boiled baby water, so that the consistency is the same as that of the zucchini. Cabbage, unlike zucchini, contains less water, so it needs to be added. We give according to the scheme: 5-10-20-40-60-60-60. Recall that it is not necessary to give all 7 days, five days will be enough to test for allergens.
- Broccoli. For 100 grams of finished puree 34 kcal. Proteins 2.8; Fats 0.4; Carbohydrates 6.6. Broccoli contains a lot of vitamin A, as well as calcium, magnesium, iron and vitamin C. We prepare mashed potatoes according to the same principle as cauliflower.
- Buckwheat porridge. From vegetables to cereals. It's time to try the cereals. Previously, it was recommended that babies start complementary foods with cereals if they are not gaining weight well, or start complementary foods before six months. But it's all MYTH! Well, the baby will not start gaining better if instead of a portion of fatty milk he receives 60 grams of lean porridge cooked in water. Yes Yes! The first cereals are dairy-free, sugar-free and gluten-free! It is important! For the first test, it is still recommended to introduce special baby cereals, which are sold in stores. Why? Because cereals for children's cereals are not treated with rodenticides, unlike ordinary cereals on store shelves. Yes, and making flour from ordinary buckwheat and cooking 5 grams of such porridge will not be so easy as pouring half a teaspoon of prepared store-bought baby porridge with water, stir and give to the baby. Therefore, we suggest buying a pack of special children's dairy-free buckwheat for the first try and cook it according to the cooking method indicated on the package.
- Rice porridge. Same as buckwheat: dairy-free, gluten-free, salt-free and sugar-free. We look at the energy value on the packaging.
- Corn porridge. This porridge is the most high-calorie of the three, so it is still better to introduce it as the third one. The scheme is still the same as with vegetables: 5-10-20-40-60-60-60 (the last two days are optional). When the volume of any of the cereals reaches 40 and 60 grams, you can add a little already introduced vegetables to it (also up to 40 grams), so that the porridge is not too viscous and monotonous for the child (“in a dry bag”, as we usually say).
- Pumpkin. Puree and pumpkin will already contain 88 kcal per 100 grams of the finished product. Thus, we gradually raise the calorie content of products. Proteins / fats / carbohydrates - 1.7 / 6.2 / 6.3. We clean and cut it into cubes, steam the pumpkin, about 15 minutes. Puree is introduced as before 5-10-20-40-60-60-60. For portions of 40 and 60 grams, you can try to give it together with the already tested porridge and bring the total volume up to 100 grams.
- Apple. It's time to taste fruit. Why weren't they introduced earlier? Because, from birth, a child has a love for sweets, and if you start complementary foods with fruits, then there is a high probability that you will eat vegetables yourself later. We start complementary foods from the most tasteless foods incrementally. The finished puree contains 85 kcal per 100 grams of the finished product. How to cook: wash, peel, cut apples and send to a double boiler or cook in boiling water for 10 minutes (a couple more vitamins will be preserved). Scheme 5-10-20-40-60-60-60. By the way, with regard to fruits, a dose of 60, maximum 80 grams for a child up to a year is quite sufficient. If we then increase the portions of vegetables and cereals, then we will leave the fruits. A large amount of sugar is not good for a child. Up to 40 grams we give applesauce as a separate dish, from 40 grams and more we mix with cereals. Now we will gradually increase the volume and replace breakfast with porridge with fruit, seasoned with a small amount of butter (at the rate of 2 grams of butter per 100 grams of porridge).
- Rabbit. It's time to introduce meat! At this point, the baby should be about 8 months old. It is recommended to start with a rabbit, as this is the most dietary meat. How to cook: we twist the meat in a meat grinder, form small meatballs and weld them a little in boiling water. It’s good if you have a kitchen scale at home and you can immediately prepare meatballs for the required 5-10-20-40 and 50 grams. We throw the boiled meatballs into a colander so that the glass is excess water and they cool, then we freeze. Our semi-finished product is ready! The first 5 and 10 grams are given separately. Boil or steam again and grind with a blender. Starting from 20 grams, grind together with the introduced vegetables. Now you can gradually increase the portions and replace lunch with vegetables and meat seasoned with a small amount of vegetable oil (at the rate of 1 teaspoon per 100 grams of vegetables). Meat, unlike all other products that are necessarily introduced in the first half of the day, is introduced at lunchtime.
- Prunes. We prepare mashed potatoes in the same way as from apples, but first, prunes need to be washed, peeled and soaked for a couple of hours in water, then steamed and chopped with a blender. Portions are the same as for an apple: 5-10-20-40-60-60-60. Starting from 40 grams, mix with porridge.
- Turkey. We choose the fillet and give it according to the principle of the rabbit.
- Pear, banana, apricot, peach, plum. We introduce these fruits one by one according to the same principle as we introduced apple and prunes.
So, we have sorted out the safest products for the baby! Selected according to our climate, according to their energy value, composition and vitamin content. To put together a correct balanced diet, you need to know some WHO (World Health Organization) recommendations for complementary foods:
- At 6-8 months, the child should receive 60% kcal from breast milk and 40% kcal per day from complementary foods ;
- At 9-11 months, the baby should receive 45% kcal from breast milk and already 55% kcal per day from complementary foods ;
- The volume of the baby's stomach is approximately equal to 30 ml/kg of the baby's weight;
- At 6-8 months, smoothly go to 2 meals based on complementary foods (breakfast and lunch) and the minimum energy density of the meal should be 0.9 kcal / g for breastfeeding or 1.7 kcal / g for artificial feeding;
- Protein requirements for babies 6-9months 1. 25 g/kg body weight;
- Fat should make up 30-40% of the daily calorie intake of the entire diet.
Download the PDF feeding table:
Ribricaprome Malyuk90,000 complementary foods for months, what products to feed the child from 6 months
02.08.2022 9000 9000
≈ 6 min read time
- When to introduce complementary foods to a child?
- Why is complementary foods included in a child's diet?
- The sequence of introduction of complementary foods
- Complementary foods at 4-5 months
- Complementary foods at 6 months
- Complementary foods at 7 months
- Complementary foods at 8 months
- Complementary foods from 9 months to 1 year
- Complementary feeding table by months for breastfeeding and artificial feeding
Not only a lack of nutrients, but also their overabundance can interfere with the proper development of the baby. Pediatric nutrition studies how specific micronutrients affect the functioning of organs and systems, cells and metabolism. For example, in accordance with new scientific data, complementary foods have been adjusted by months in the past few years.
It is important that it should be administered against the background of ongoing breastfeeding, if possible. According to WHO experts, breast milk remains the best food for the baby in terms of composition, in many ways it serves as “health programming” for many years. Therefore, it is ideal to breastfeed for as long as possible.
Complementary feeding of children up to a year is food, in addition to mother's milk or infant formula, which is additionally introduced into the baby's diet in the first year of his life.
Children develop individually, so pediatricians do not specify a specific “age of start”. But there is a time interval, the so-called. "critical window". This is not just the most favorable, but an extremely important period for "acquaintance" with new products and textures.
Introduction of complementary foods The European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition ESPGHAN advises to start between 17 and 26 weeks of a baby's life. Approximately these terms are also called by domestic experts: from 4 to 6 months.
Before 4 months, introduce complementary foods early:
- the mucosa of the small intestine is too permeable;
- digestive enzymes are not ripe;
- the level of immunity is still insufficient, so the risk of an undesirable reaction is increased.
After 6 months, introducing the first complementary foods is somewhat late:
- possible risk of nutritional deficiencies;
- it will be more difficult to develop food tolerance; ability to tolerate products well;
- there may be a delay in mastering the chewing skill, and it is also needed in order for the speech apparatus to develop correctly;
- in order for food to cover the deficiency of essential substances, new products will have to be introduced faster. This will create an unnecessary burden on the body.
The optimal time to start introducing complementary foods is 5 months, but you need to focus on the baby. The fact that he is ready to try something other than mother's milk or infant formula can be understood by the following signs:
- the child holds his head, can be fixed in a sitting position;
- teething begins;
- subsides so-called. spoon ejection reflex - an evolutionary mechanism that prevented an infant from accidentally swallowing an object;
- baby looks at new food with curiosity;
- the child can reach his mouth with his hand, and, taking a pacifier or a toy in his mouth, makes chewing, champing movements.
By 4-5 months, the baby already weighs twice as much as at birth, and moves much more actively. He needs more energy and nutrients. Per 1 kg of body weight, this need for a baby in the first year of life is higher than in all subsequent periods.
But her mother's milk can no longer provide. Not only because the growing child already lacks the vitamins and microelements received - iron, calcium, zinc, phosphorus, etc. In the women's milk itself, there is gradually less protein, amino acids, fatty acids. Children who feed exclusively on their mother's milk, from six months already are at risk of the so-called. iron deficiency conditions.
From how adequately the diet of a child up to a year is made, his health depends “not only during this period of time, but throughout his life,” says the National Program for Optimizing Feeding. This is the main document developed by leading domestic experts who are guided, incl. including WHO experts.
Monthly feeding schedule
Taking into account the individual characteristics of the baby, the doctor may recommend offering some products a little earlier - or, conversely, a little later than indicated in the scheme. But most products are quite strictly "tied" to a certain age - more precisely, to the degree of maturity of the body and the baby's readiness to get acquainted with them. And readiness in each specific age is different.
Complementary feeding rules - universal:
- we offer a new product from 1/2 teaspoon, in 5 days-a week we gradually increase to the volume recommended at a certain age;
- we monitor tolerance - for this we introduce a dish in the 1st half of the day;
- porridge is introduced first from 1 type of cereal, dairy-free, gluten-free, diluted with breast milk or infant formula. When different types of such cereals have already been “tested” separately, cereals from two types of gluten-free cereals can be introduced. In the same way, we “acquaint” the baby with cereals from gluten cereals. Porridges remain dairy-free, diluted with breast milk or infant formula;
- we offer mashed potatoes to start with single-component ones - from one type of vegetable. Then - from another, and after that you can switch to mashed potatoes from several familiar types;
- introduce only one new product at a time;
- do not sweeten dishes and do not add salt;
- industrial prepared meals are preferred, as they have passed the security check;
- spoon-feeding before breastfeeding/formula feeding;
- an unfamiliar product should not be offered for acute infection; wait at least 3 days before and after vaccination;
- at 9–10 months, gradually replace the puree-like texture with a finely ground one.
Five months of age is the best time to start weaning. 4 months is usually too early, and only a doctor, taking into account certain indications, can recommend this.
We start with mashed vegetables or porridge. Why exactly - depends on the health of the baby, his nutritional status, the development of the digestive system. If the body weight is lower than expected, the stool is quickened - it makes sense to choose ready-made dairy-free cereals with a complex of micronutrients as the first dish. If the mass is excessive, frequent constipation - vegetable puree is suitable.
Products should be as neutral as possible, easily digestible.
Rules for introducing vegetables into the diet
The first puree should be from only one type of vegetable with tender fiber. Zucchini, cauliflower or broccoli will do. After making sure that the child tolerates it well and eats the dish with appetite, after a week feel free to introduce the second type of vegetable. You can separately give mashed potatoes from the second vegetable at the end of feeding familiar mashed potatoes. You can also immediately add a little bit of puree from an unfamiliar vegetable to an already familiar vegetable.
Whichever method you choose, in any case, the second puree is also introduced gradually over 5-7 days. At the same time, every day it is necessary to increase the share of the new puree in the diet and proportionally reduce the amount of the already familiar one. For example, gradually add broccoli puree to mashed potatoes from an already familiar zucchini, or vice versa.
By the same principle, over time, you need to introduce other vegetables: cauliflower, carrots, pumpkin.
When the volume of vegetable puree reaches 100 g, flavor it with a drop of vegetable oil.
Rules for the introduction of cereals
You need to start with gluten-free dairy-free porridge from only one type of cereal: rice, buckwheat or corn. Be sure to cook porridge with breast milk or infant formula. Cow's milk cannot be used for making porridge up to a year, and porridge "on the water" has a low nutritional value - the child will not receive important nutrients that he usually receives from breast milk or formula, will not eat up and quickly get hungry.
Gradually, an unfamiliar one is mixed with an already familiar type of cereal, turning porridge into a multicomponent product.
It is advisable to choose an industrially prepared dish: it has added micronutrients that are key for growth and development. For example, much-needed iron.
By six months, the baby already eats several types of vegetables and cereals. We continue to expand their “palette” and gradually introduce new products. For example, we give dairy-free gluten-containing porridge - for example, oatmeal. It must also be diluted only with breast milk / infant formula. From six months we begin to "get used" to mashed meat.
Rules for introducing meat
Meat is a source of heme iron. Unlike non-heme from plant foods, it is better absorbed. You need to introduce meat from dietary species: turkeys or a rabbit. Then gradually add other types of meat.
Beef is the richest in iron: if women's milk contains 0.04 mg of iron per 100 g, then beef contains about 3 mg per 100 g. But if the baby does not tolerate beef, we replace it with lean pork, lamb.
Important: finished products differ in the amount of raw meat. In canned meat it is 40-65%, in meat and vegetable - 10-20%, and in plant-based canned food with meat - less than 10%. When compiling a menu for a baby, you need to compare these volumes with those recommended in the table for months. In addition, mom must definitely check that there is no salt in the composition.
We continue to vary the types of vegetables, cereals and meat puree. Already confidently trying fruit puree. In addition, there is another fundamentally new "serious" product - egg yolk.
Rules for introducing fruit into the diet
Fruit is one of those foods that experts' opinion has changed in recent years. Previously, fruits were introduced at the earliest stages, but now experts recommend giving them to the baby only after meat. The fact is that love for the sweet taste, unlike other tastes, is innate in us. Fruit can become such a clear favorite that it can be difficult to introduce your baby to savory foods.
You need to start with puree from non-exotic fruits for Russia: apples or pears. Gradually add puree from other fruits to them.
Rules for the introduction of egg yolk
The egg belongs to highly allergenic products, so it is administered when the body is already sufficiently prepared. However, egg intolerance is still observed in 2% of children.
You need to feed the baby only with boiled yolk: most of the vitamins and minerals are concentrated in it, but allergen proteins are found mainly in the protein.
We begin to give the yolk literally from a crumb, mixing it into morning porridge and gradually increasing the volume of the yolk to a quarter.
An eight-month-old baby is mastering the remaining new staple foods. Do not forget to gradually increase the portion size and variety of dishes in accordance with age recommendations. A growing baby also has an increased appetite, so you need a little more porridge, meat, and other products. However, it is important not to "get carried away" and not overfeed. For example, a portion of the yolk can be increased to half.
Children's non-adapted sour-milk dishes are introduced from new products - kefir, yogurt, biolact. etc. If cottage cheese has not been introduced before, then now is the time for it. It is imperative to start with the unsweetened tastes of fermented milk products, otherwise it will be difficult for the baby to “convince” to try, for example, unsweetened cottage cheese. And at this age, the child already needs to “get acquainted” with another unsweetened and most important dish - fish.
Only after 8 months you can give the baby fruit juice - and then, you need to offer it quite a bit and at the end of feeding, after the main course (for example, meat).
Rules for introducing fish
Fish puree is introduced as an alternative to meat, once or twice a week. If we usually give meat puree in the middle of the day along with vegetable puree, now we simply offer fish instead of meat. Remember that this product can cause allergies, so we carefully monitor the reaction of the body.
The best for a child is mashed ocean white fish: hake, sea bass, cod. From red varieties it is better to choose salmon, from river varieties - pike perch.
By 9-10 months, the baby got acquainted with all the main products. The diet continues to expand, now due to a different texture of the product. From a puree, we gradually move on to a finely ground texture, and then coarsely ground. For example, meatballs can be a meat dish.
Complementary feeding of an infant for months should be accompanied by supplementary feeding - breast milk or mixtures. According to the recommendations of the ESPGHAN Nutrition Committee, when to introduce complementary foods and in what sequence does not depend on the type of feeding. Therefore, feeding a child by months with breastfeeding is exactly the same as feeding by months with artificial feeding.
There is one difference, but it does not apply to the complementary foods themselves. Women's milk itself "adjusts" to changes in the body of the baby, and milk formulas are adapted in the same way by manufacturers. Therefore, the mother must ensure that the mixture is appropriate for the current age of the child.
Complementary foods Table by month up to a year (in g/ml)
Meat puree / boiled meat
Fruit puree (not as first food)
Kefir, other non-adapted dairy drinks for children
Wheat bread, crackers
Vegetable oil (for vegetables)
Butter (for porridge)
Feeding menu by months can be found on the website of the Union of Pediatricians of Russia.
Each product has its own deadline, but in some cases there are exceptions. For example, it is better to introduce fruit puree after meat, i. from six months, but you can add quite a bit to the porridge earlier - if the baby has a poor appetite or constipation. Cottage cheese should be introduced from 8 months, but in some cases, on the advice of a pediatrician, from six months.
Your doctor can help you adjust the chart to your baby's needs.
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