Solid food for 12 month old baby

Sample Menu for a Baby 8 to 12 Months Old

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Now that your baby is eating solid foods, planning meals can be more challenging. At this age, your baby needs between 750 and 900 calories each day, of which about 400 to 500 should come from breast milk or formula (if you are not breastfeeding)—roughly 24 ounces (720 mL) a day. Breast milk and formula contain vitamins, minerals, and other important components for brain growth.

At about eight months, you may want to introduce foods that are slightly coarser than strained pureed foods. They require more chewing than baby foods. You can expand your baby's diet to include soft foods such as yogurt, oatmeal, mashed banana, mashed potatoes, or even thicker or lumpy pureed vegetables. Eggs (including scrambled) are an excellent source of protein, as are cottage cheese, Greek yogurt, and avocado.

Sample menu ideas for an 8- to 12-month-old baby:

1 cup = 8 ounces = 240 ml
¾ cup = 6 ounces = 180 ml
½ cup = 4 ounces = 120 ml
¼ cup = 2 ounces = 60 ml


  • 2 to 4 ounces cereal, or 1 mashed or scrambled egg

  • 2 to 4 ounces mashed or diced fruit

  • Breastmilk or 4 to 6 ounces formula



  • 2 to 4 ounces yogurt or cottage cheese, or pureed or diced beans or meat

  • 2 to 4 ounces cooked pureed or diced yellow or orange vegetables

  • Breastmilk or 4 to 6 ounces formula



  • 2 to 4 ounces diced diced poultry, meat, or tofu

  • 2 to 4 ounces cooked green vegetables

  • 2 to 4 ounces cooked soft-whole grain pasta or potato

  • 2 to 4 ounces diced or mashed fruit

  • Breastmilk or 4 to 6 ounces formula

Before bedtime

Breastmilk or 6 to 8 ounces formula, or water. (If breastmilk or formula, follow with water or brush teeth afterward).

More information

  • Sample Menu for a One-Year-Old
  • Starting Solid Foods
  • Breastfeeding Mealtime Milestones
  • Ask the Pediatrician: Is it OK to make my own baby food?
Last Updated
Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5 7th Edition (Copyright © 2019 American Academy of Pediatrics)

The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

Sample Menu for a 1-Year-Old Child

Ages & Stages



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Babies and young toddlers should get about half of their calories from fat. Healthy fats are very important for normal growth and devel­opment at this stage of their development.

All fats are not created equal, though. Healthy fats like those found in avocado, olive oil, fish, nut butters, and dairy are good for your child (and you). Unhealthy fats such as those found in fried foods, fast foods and many packaged foods are not healthy at any age. If you keep your child's daily caloric intake at about 1,000 calories, you needn't worry about overfeeding and risk of weight gain

Here is a sample menu for a one-year-old child who weighs about 21 pounds (9.5 kg):

1 cup = 8 ounces = 240 ml

1 ounce = 2 tablespoons = 30 ml

½ ounce = 1 tablespoon = 15 ml = 3 teaspoons

1 teaspoon = ¹⁄³ tablespoon = 5 ml


  • ½ cup iron-fortified breakfast cereal or 1 cooked egg

  • ½ cup whole or 2% milk

  • ½ banana, sliced

  • 2 to 3 large sliced strawberries


  • 1 slice toast or whole-wheat muffin with 1–2 tablespoons cream cheese or peanut butter, or ½ cup yogurt with cut-up fruit

  • Water or ½ cup whole or 2% milk


  • ½ sandwich: sliced turkey or chicken, tuna, egg salad or peanut butter

  • ½ cup cooked green vegetables

  • ½ cup whole or 2% milk


  • 1 to 2 ounces cubed or string cheese, or

  • 2 to 3 tablespoons fruit or berries

  • Water or ½ cup whole or 2% milk


  • 2 to 3 ounces cooked meat, ground or diced

  • ½ cup cooked yellow or orange vegetables

  • ½ cup whole-grain pasta or potato

  • ½ cup whole or 2% milk


Talk with your child's pediatrician if you have any questions or concerns about your baby's diet.

More information

  • Discontinuing the Bottle
  • Unsafe Foods for Toddlers
  • Selecting Snacks for Toddlers
  • Water & Juice
Last Updated
Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5 7th Edition (Copyright © 2019 American Academy of Pediatrics)

The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

Complementary foods at 12 months | Nutrilak

Author of the article

Ksenia Kushalieva

pediatrician, lactation consultant

About the expert

Ideally, a year old baby almost does not need outside help at the table. He holds a spoon, scoops up and almost without loss brings thick and semi-liquid food to his mouth, except that the soup can still splash along the way. And you are sitting next to you and finally you can also eat hot food and drink your morning coffee before dinner. But if the ideal is still far away, don't be discouraged either. Each child has his own pace in mastering household skills. Give the baby more independence, and sooner or later everything will work out. nine0007

Complementary foods for a 12-month-old baby, recommended daily allowances.

A one-year-old baby can eat dishes from a common table, if you take into account the characteristics and needs of the child's body when preparing them. The baby is still not and will not soon be able to eat fried, fatty foods, smoked meats, canned food with marinades, and sausages. Dishes for him are still not recommended to be salted, add sugar, hot and spicy spices to them. For the whole family, this is a good chance to switch to a healthier diet. nine0007

  • Vegetable puree - 150 g.

  • Porridge - 200 g.

  • Meat puree of industrial production / boiled meat - 80-100 / 40-50 g.

  • Fruit puree - 90-100 g.

  • Yolk, 1/2. nine0007

  • Cottage cheese - 50 g.

  • Fish puree - 30-60 g.

  • Fruit juice - 80-100 ml.

  • Kefir and other children's fermented milk drinks - 200 ml.

  • Children's cookies - 5 g. nine0007

  • Wheat bread, crackers - 10 g.

  • Vegetable oil - 6 g.

  • Butter - 5 g.

Until the child learns to chew food well, there is a high risk of getting pieces of it into the respiratory tract.
This is very dangerous, so don't overestimate your baby's readiness to eat solid foods or vegetables and fruits with small, dense grains, such as corn, peas, or pomegranate. Do not give your child an apple in the peel, a whole raw carrot, nuts at least until the molars appear - these are the fourth teeth in the row of milk teeth, following the fangs. nine0007

Learn how to give first aid if a child is choking. And do not just read, but practice on a doll or soft toy, try to remember the procedure so as not to get lost in a critical situation.

(8 ratings; article rating 3.9)

Complementary foods at 12 months - Encyclopedia Baby food

Levchuk Victoria ©

Complementary foods at 12 months are extensive, perhaps the baby is already eating from the common table. With the right planning and creativity in baby food, most mothers strive to feed their baby healthy meals. The child mainly eats fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy products, fish and lean meats. This article provides information on complementary foods for children over 12 months of age.


At 12 months , most mothers decide to wean their baby from the breast or formula. Yes, at 12-14 months weaning from breast milk is easier and faster than at a later date, but it must be borne in mind that breast milk does not lose its beneficial and amazing properties and continues to give the baby a lot of good things for his immunity, general development and health . Therefore, it is worth thinking carefully and making an informed decision, because even WHO recommends continued breastfeeding up to 2 years of age or beyond. Whatever decision is not made, it is necessary to gradually wean the child from the breast or bottle, so if complementary foods are introduced normally, the child fully eats 3 times a day and 2 breastfeeding or formula. For starters, you can stop breastfeeding after complementary foods, then remove morning feeding and replace it with full-fledged complementary foods, so we gradually get to evening feeding and night feeding, remove evening feeding and, last but not least, night feeding. Some of the mothers remove the nightly feedings first, and then replace the evening feedings with yogurt or kefir. The main thing here is the gradual replacement of breast milk or formula with complete complementary foods. The whole process will take several months at most, without nerves and stress for mother and child. nine0007

Complementary foods at 12 months: What to feed???

The diet of a child at 12 months is very diverse, so we continue to feed the products that were introduced earlier and continue to introduce new ones.

Complementary protein foods at 12 months

At 12 months, you should consider adding yolk to your child's diet. As an allergenic product, most pediatricians advise introducing it closer to 12 months. Usually, quail eggs are chosen as the first acquaintance of a child with the yolk as a less allergenic product. They are boiled, cleaned and offered ½ part of the yolk. Most likely, the child will refuse it in its pure form, since it is a little dry and unpleasant to swallow, so we advise you to add the yolk to porridge or vegetable puree. We remind you to introduce the product in the second feeding and the reaction is monitored for two days, new products are not introduced during this period. Standby mode 5-7 days, i.e. during this period, there may be redness of the cheeks, priests, body of the child, loose stools, etc. if something like this happened, we stop giving the yolk, and we turn to the pediatrician. nine0007

If the yolk was introduced earlier and everything is fine, then 2 months after this event, protein is introduced into the child's diet. After a full input of the product, you can create a menu consisting of half a chicken egg or one quail egg, as the child grows, the volume increases. Do not forget about the children's steamed omelette, beauty!

Complementary meat at 12 months

Complementary foods at 12 months require that the child is familiar with lean meat, in particular with turkey, rabbit, lean beef. Closer to 12 months, many parents introduce chicken into the child's diet , since this meat product is present everywhere in the adult menu. It’s easier to transfer the child to a common table, with the introduction of chicken into baby food, you can safely cook soup or borscht for the whole family, including the little man. However, it is worth carefully introducing chicken meat into the child's diet, as an allergic reaction is possible. Of course ideal organic poultry, but not all parents have the opportunity to buy this. Therefore, we choose low-fat chicken, it is better to take skinless fillet, a product that you constantly take, if the child was fed breast milk, then most likely he is already familiar with this type of food through mother's milk. Chicken meat is cooked in a secondary broth, introduced as a regular new product, with monitoring of the child's reaction to it.

After the introduction of chicken into baby food, you can add veal and pork to the meat menu, we remind you, not the fatty part, it is advisable to choose lean meat. The child's body is not yet ready to digest too fatty foods. nine0007

Meat broths are introduced into the baby's menu closer to 12 months, but the meat is boiled in a secondary broth, then soup or borsch for the baby is cooked from it. The secondary broth remains for a long time.

Fish food at 12 months

We continue to introduce the baby to fish, the more varied his menu, the better. Therefore, we introduce those varieties of fish that have not been introduced. At 12 months, you can introduce your baby to red varieties of fish, such as salmon. Moreover, in children's ready-made food there are excellent options for salmon fish puree, which are ideally combined with buckwheat, yummy. Closer to the year, you can introduce the baby to fish broths, just be sure to take a break between the introduction of new meat and fish foods. Ideally, if a new meat was introduced, then a vegetable, then a fish. nine0007

Vegetable complementary food at 12 months

Most vegetables are introduced into the child's diet by 12 months , you can cook soups and borschiks from them, which makes the baby's menu very diverse. Closer to the year, such products as parsnips, spinach, squash, squash, beets are introduced. Be careful with the last vegetable, there may be an allergy, but this does not mean that it should not be introduced. Too much benefit for a small body to skip the beets.

Milk complementary foods at 12 months

Milk complementary foods can be varied with soft cheeses, kefir and cottage cheese (if you haven’t introduced them to your diet yet, you can safely introduce them), and also try to introduce whole cow or goat milk. Goat milk is said to be less allergenic, but don't be fooled into introducing it very carefully, like any new product. With whole milk, the baby’s morning menu will become more diverse, since almost all children like milk porridge with butter. nine0007

It may be difficult to introduce kefir into a child’s diet after yogurt, but it is necessary to offer a new product often, since kefir provides so many new opportunities in baby food, for example, you can make baby curd from kefir, beauty, and most importantly, easy and cheap .

By the way, with the introduction of milk and eggs, you can safely bake pancakes, pancakes, muffins, children's curd cookies, etc. for your child. New frontiers in baby food are opening up.

Cereals at 12 months

As it was written above, with the acquaintance of a child with milk, you can cook milk porridges. At 12 months, you can introduce your child to wheat and soy porridge. You can also introduce semolina porridge, but I was convinced from my own experience that it pours on it, so the ideal option is to introduce semolina at 3 years old, when the child’s body is better prepared.

Fruit Complementary foods at 12 months

Fruit foods can also be significantly diversified, so we introduce the baby to wild berries, cherries, raspberry currants. Keep in mind that black, white, red currants are different products, they are introduced separately, you don’t have to think that if we didn’t pour out on black currants, you can safely give red currants, no, we introduce them into baby food separately as a new product. nine0007

My child got acquainted with citrus on his birthday, we were born before the new year, so tangerines were introduced earlier than the due time. However, for all the time we only poured out on semolina, we seem to react normally to all products. Therefore, when introducing new products, we look at our child, decide to introduce or not introduce, but if we decide to introduce, then gradually, and hide the new product so that the child does not get to know it on his own.

Fruit juice can be introduced into baby food, it is usually recommended to introduce juice from clarified and green fruits, such as an apple. An ideal option, home-made juice, not store-bought. My pediatrician strongly swears at purchased juices, only compotes or freshly squeezed at home. nine0007

What about salt and sugar? Closer to the year, pediatricians recommend starting to acquaint the child with these spices, adding a little to the child's diet. The dish should not be lightly salted or sugared. It is better to let other family members add salt to themselves in a plate if the child is transferred to a common table.

However, we continue to monitor what appears on the common table. It is too early for a child to get acquainted with honey, sausages, sausages, chocolate, soda, chips, candies, nuts, etc. nine0007

Feeding a child at 12 months: Schedule

As it was written earlier, the child continues to eat 4-5 times a day with breaks between feedings of about 4 hours. Complementary foods are given 3 times a day with 2 additional snacks. The amount of food for one feeding is approximately 240-250 grams.

Feeding a child at 12 months: norms

Nutritional norms are increased due to the introduction of new products, such as fruit juice, cottage cheese, kefir, but the proportion of breast milk or milk formula is significantly reduced. The table shows the approximate norms of food consumption at one meal. nine0007

Baby feeding at 12 months: Table manners

At 12 months it is important to pay more attention to table manners than before, as the child has already mastered the basics and now they need to be reinforced every day. Do not forget about the personal example of the parents, it is them that the child imitates, so if the behavior of the parents at the table is far from ideal, then what do you want from the little man, for whom dad and mom are ideal.

We praise the baby more often, do not scold or stuff food, we reinforce intuitive nutrition when the baby decides when he is full. Please note that at this age, children often drop cutlery on the floor. So that this process does not turn into a game for the baby, it is necessary to keep additional clean children's appliances on the table, as soon as the baby has dropped the spoon, give him a new one without focusing on the fallen appliances. After the meal, you can pick them up or allow the child to pick them up and wash them. nine0007

It is also worth noticing how the baby is sitting in the high chair, isn't it hunched over? If you notice an uneven back, then it is better to consult a doctor and be like a massage, sometimes at this age the back muscles are weak and they need support.

We put napkins or a towel next to the child and wipe the child's mouth and hands, set an example, let him dry himself. At first, you may have to wash towels every time, but do not despair, the child learns quickly.

By the way, about the bib, it is necessary to introduce the child to it sooner rather than later, so even if the child refuses, we gently but firmly put the bib on the child, explaining why it is needed. nine0007

You can also teach your child to sweep the kitchen after meals. Children often crumble bread on the floor, garbage accumulates under his chair, help your child learn to clean up after himself. It is clear that he will not sweep fully, so he will wave a broom and that’s it, but even this is enough for the child to understand: “I help my mother!”. We lay the foundations now, and not later, when he says: “You will clean it yourself!”

Complementary foods at 12 months: Water

The drinking regime does not change, be sure to offer water often during the day, ideally, if water is always available to the child. Of course, it’s better in a cup, but if the child constantly pours the mug onto himself, then you should think about a non-spill drinking cup. But at the table we offer all liquids only in a cup, it is important for the development of the child's skills. nine0007

Feeding at 12 months: Ideas

Weaning at 12 months is full of different baby food ideas, now it's easier, especially if the baby is on a common table. Of course, for a child, everything is cooked in a secondary broth without frying vegetables.

Therefore, I offer several ideas for baby food recipes from the general table: