Baby food chips
"CHiPs" Baby Food (TV Episode 1977)
- Cast & crew
- User reviews
- Episode aired Oct 27, 1977
The CHP investigate a shipment of baby food that spilled from a truck and is contaminated with botulism.The CHP investigate a shipment of baby food that spilled from a truck and is contaminated with botulism.The CHP investigate a shipment of baby food that spilled from a truck and is contaminated with botulism.
- Paul Krasny
- Simon Muntner
- Rick Rosner
- Erik Estrada
- Larry Wilcox
- Robert Pine
- Paul Krasny
- Simon Muntner
- Rick Rosner
- Erik Estrada
- Larry Wilcox
- Robert Pine
- Officer Frank Poncherello
- Officer Jon Baker
- Sgt. Joseph Getraer
- Officer Barry Baricza
- Officer Gene Fritz
- Officer Brouillette
- Mrs. Downey
- Young Woman
Harvey J. Goldenberg
- Young Man
- (as Joeal Nicassio)
- Pickup Driver
- Melinda - Ponch's Neighbor
- Blonde Secretary
Lora Marie Taylor
- Officer in the Highway Patrol Roll Call meetings
- Paul Krasny
- Simon Muntner
- Rick Rosner
- All cast & crew
- Production, box office & more at IMDbPro
Did you know
Joe Nicassio, who played the baby's father, was up for the role of Ponch and lost out to Erik Estrada. The Poncherello character was originally supposed to be Italian, Poncherelli, but was changed to Hispanic after Estrada was cast in the role.
- Release date
- October 27, 1977 (United States)
- Country of origin
- United States
- Filming locations
- Glendale Freeway, Glendale, California, USA
- Production companies
- Rosner Television
- MGM Television
- See more company credits at IMDbPro
- Sound mix
- Aspect ratio
- 1. 33 : 1
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CHiPs - Season 1 Episode 6: Baby Food
|NBC | Air Date: October 27, 1977|
Starring: Robert Pine, Paul Linke, Larry Wilcox, Erik Estrada, Brodie Greer, Lew Saunders
Summary: A truck loses its load of baby food on the highway. Ponch and Jon learn that the baby food is toxic and try to find the lost boxes. Meanwhile, a hippie couple with a baby finds two of the tainted boxes.
Genre(s): Drama, Action & Adventure
Air Date: April 1, 1978
Air Date: March 9, 1978
tbdS1:E20. Rainy Day
Air Date: March 2, 1978
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- Series Overview
- Season 6
- Season 5
- Season 4
- Season 3
- Season 2
- Season 1
- Season 1 Overview
Air Date: September 15, 1977
Air Date: April 1, 1978
Air Date: March 9, 1978
tbdS1:E20. Rainy Day
Air Date: March 2, 1978
tbdS1:E19. Crash Diet
Air Date: February 23, 1978
tbdS1:E18. Cry Wolf
Air Date: February 16, 1978
tbdS1:E17. Hitch-Hiking Hitch
Air Date: February 9, 1978
tbdS1:E16. Vintage '54
Air Date: January 26, 1978
tbdS1:E15. Surf's Up
Air Date: January 19, 1978
Air Date: January 12, 1978
tbdS1:E13. One Two Many
Air Date: January 5, 1978
tbdS1:E12. Aweigh We Go
Air Date: December 22, 1977
tbdS1:E11. Name Your Price
Air Date: December 8, 1977
tbdS1:E10. Highway Robbery
Air Date: December 1, 1977
Air Date: November 24, 1977
tbdS1:E8. Green Thumb Burglar
Air Date: November 10, 1977
tbdS1:E7. Taking Its Toll
Air Date: November 3, 1977
tbdS1:E6. Baby Food
Air Date: October 27, 1977
tbdS1:E5. Career Day
Air Date: October 20, 1977
tbdS1:E4. Moving Violation
Air Date: October 13, 1977
tbdS1:E3. Dog Gone
Air Date: September 29, 1977
Air Date: September 22, 1977
Air Date: September 15, 1977
- Season 1 Overview
Chips: time bomb or harmless snack?
On the birthday of potato chips, we remind you that Roskachestvo previously examined this popular fast food in terms of quality and safety.
Is it true that chips are made up of fat, salt and flavor enhancers? Does this product contain food additives that are hazardous to health? What about pesticides? Is it true that other root or corn snacks are healthier than potato snacks? To answer the questions, Roskachestvo experts examined chips from 16 trademarks (TM). Among them are potato with cheese flavor (10 TM), corn (4 TM) and beetroot (2 TM).
Attention, spoiler! The chips of some brands were found to be higher in arsenic and cadmium, ochratoxin A and acrylamide. Details below.
What are chips and what are the consumer concerns about them?
Chips (Amer. English chips, from chip - a thin piece) - a snack, which is thin slices of potatoes, less often - other root crops or various fruits, fried, usually in oil (deep-fried).
Classic potato chips are the most popular snack among the population: they are chosen by 63% of consumers, while other snacks (crackers, bread, cereal chips) - 25% of consumers, snacks with sauce - 6%, snacks made from corn, wheat or rice flour - 4%, whole grain chips - 2%, salted popcorn - 1%. For 85% of consumers, the main role is played by the taste of chips, 77% pay attention to the brand. Other criteria, such as packaging and cost, are not as important to buyers.
Before launching a special project to study chips, Roskachestvo analysts studied the opinions of consumers and systematized the concerns associated with these snacks.
The main fears of consumers:
- Chips are very harmful. In the process of powerful processing, which the potato undergoes in the production of chips, it loses all its useful properties.
- Chips are fried in the same oil several times.
- Chips are fried not in healthy vegetable oil, but in industrial fat. Such fats increase the level of cholesterol in the blood and increase the risk of atherosclerosis, heart attack, stroke, cancer.
- Due to the high content of starch (carbohydrates) and fat, chips are very high in calories.
- Especially harmful are chips made not from whole potatoes, but from potato flour.
- In the manufacture of chips, GMOs, dyes, flavors, preservatives are used.
- The chips are full of different flavor enhancers.
- Chips contain acrylamide, which can cause cancer.
- Chips have a very high salt content.
So, many consumers are sure that there is nothing natural in the chips, except for potatoes / starch. Solid "chemistry", salt and hydrogenated fats. Consumers also complain about the quality. Chips, according to them, are tasteless, have an extraneous taste and smell. There are a lot of broken, falling apart chips in the packs, and they are not crunchy. Will we believe? No, let's check!
In order to find out which of these fears are unfounded and which are justified, Roskachestvo experts examined the popular cheese-flavored potato chips of TM Crisp Potato, Lay's, Every Day, Russian Potato, Moscow Potato, Pomsticks, Pringles, Kracks, Naturals potato chips with Parmesan TM Lorenz, MegaChips potato megachips with sour cream and cheese flavor.
Cereal and vegetable chips were also studied for comparison. These are corn chips and nachos with the taste of cheese ТМ Delicados, Santa Maria, Carambas, Happy Nachos, beetroot ТМ Kiwa and beetroot with kelp and Zdoroveda basil.
Of these, 8 goods were produced in Russia, 3 in Poland, one each from Malaysia, Belgium, Belarus, Ecuador.
The goods were examined in terms of labeling reliability, safety and quality.
Searched but did not find
Let's say right away that experts did not reveal GMOs, dyes, preservatives, aflatoxin in the studied products. The content of radionuclides and nitrates is within the normal range. There are no deviations in net weight, relative to the information stated on the packaging. Dispelled the myth that there are a lot of trans fats in chips. How many of them are actually there, read on.
Taste and crunch
There were no comments on the organoleptic. All chips turned out to have a taste and smell characteristic of this type of product, all of them were crispy. The content of “scrap” – broken slices – was also studied.
Air - for protection
"Puffy" packs with a handful of chips are often mistaken for downsizing - a marketing technique when there is a reduction in the product without reducing the packaging. The customer thinks there are more chips inside than there really are and pays more willingly. But no. Such packages are needed not at all in order to deceive the buyer, but in order to protect fragile slices during transportation. The air in the packs is nitrogen, which serves as a safety cushion and at the same time protects products from premature spoilage.
On average, the crumb was 5-10% of the contents of the pack. Not a single piece of scrap was found in Pomsticks chips. Most broken chips - a third of a pack - are in chips "Moscow Potato". Most likely, this is due to the transportation and storage conditions of products in retail chains.
What is found?
Cadmium and arsenic. These potentially hazardous substances are found in potato and beet chips. According to TR CU 021/2011, cadmium is allowed in products in an amount of not more than 0.03 mg/kg, arsenic - not more than 0.2 mg/kg.
Cadmium was found in potato chips of four brands: Pomsticks (0. 31 mg/kg), Lorenz (0.13 mg/kg), Moscow Potato (0.064 mg/kg), Kracks (0.061 mg/kg). The content of cadmium is maximum in Pomsticks chips, it exceeds the maximum allowable level by 10 times.
Both cadmium and arsenic were detected in Zdoroveda beetroot chips. The content of cadmium (0.18 mg/kg) and arsenic (3.48 mg/kg) exceeds the maximum permissible level by 6 and 17.4 times, respectively.
Cadmium, a heavy metal, belongs to the second hazard class and has a pronounced tendency to accumulate in the body. It accumulates mainly in the liver and kidneys, even in the tubular bones, pancreas, spleen. Its half-life from the body is from 10 to 30 years. When a certain concentration is reached, cadmium can cause severe dysfunction. In plants, heavy metal comes from the soil, with water and nutrients. Some soils are inherently high in cadmium, while others are contaminated with industrial waste or treated with fertilizers containing cadmium.
Manufacturers of goods in which cadmium is found consider the norms of TR CU 021/2011 to be imperfect. This technical regulation does not establish separate standards for chips.
Comments Vladimir Goldshtein, head of the department for the processing of starch-containing raw materials of the All-Russian Research Institute of Starch Products, a branch of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “FNTs of Food Systems named after I.I. V. M. Gorbatov” RAS, Ph.D. :
– Mercury, cadmium, lead and arsenic are metals that show strong toxicological properties at the lowest concentrations and do not perform any useful function. They are neither vital nor beneficial, but even in small doses they lead to disruption of the body's normal metabolic functions.
Arsenic is found in almost all plant and animal foods, as well as in water.
The high content of cadmium is typical for clay and sandy soils. In addition, it enters the soil as a man-made pollutant due to emissions from metallurgical enterprises, thermal power plants, with agricultural fertilizers: phosphates and nitrates.
Lead, cadmium and arsenic found in local soils can accumulate in the edible parts of plants. Food products, including chips, must comply with the documents: "Maximum permissible concentrations of heavy metals and arsenic in food raw materials and food products" (approved by the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the USSR on March 31, 1986, No. 4089-86) and the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union TR CU 021/2011 "On food safety".
Exceeding the concentrations of heavy metals by 6, 10 and 17 times should lead to a ban on the sale of products and their destruction as dangerous.
Ochratoxin A. Found in Carambas corn chips in the amount of 0.017 mg/kg, which is a threefold excess of the norms established for raw materials (corn flour). However, this is not considered a violation, since the norms of TR CU 021/2011 for chips, unfortunately, do not apply yet. According to TR TS 021/2011, corn flour (the raw material from which corn chips are made) may contain no more than 0. 005 mg/kg of ochratoxin A.
Ochratoxin A is the most toxic mycotoxin of the ochratoxin species. In food, it can appear during the cultivation of raw materials, their cleaning, storage. During the production of the finished product, its storage or transportation - in cases where conditions for fungal infection arise. Most likely, the grain was not checked for the presence of mycotoxins upon acceptance.
Acrylamide . At the moment, the content in the products of this carcinogenic substance, which is formed during frying, is standardized only by the documents of the European Union - Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2158 of 20 November 2017 - no more than 750 mcg / kg. A relatively large amount of acrylamide was found in one of the 16 products - in potato chips "Moskovsky Potato": 1360 mg/kg of acrylamide, which is almost twice as much as European standards.
director of research department of Roskachestvo
– Acrylamide is formed mainly in products that undergo high heat treatment. Acrylamide has been present in food for a long time, ever since people began to thermally process food, but this became known only in 2002. It was then that a group of European scientists published the results of a study that revealed the presence of acrylamide in some baked and fried foods. European scientists have conducted studies that have shown that too high concentrations of acrylamide can affect health and have a carcinogenic effect - usually on the reproductive organs.
For more information on which foods produce acrylamide and what steps are being taken to reduce it, read HERE .
nutritionist, doctor of medical sciences
- Unfortunately, chips are cheap, and many people eat them uncontrollably in large quantities. Meanwhile, it is a carcinogenic product that provokes the development of tumors and may increase the risk of cancer. In America, chips in the form of sticks are jokingly called "cancer sticks". Let me remind you that in men after 45 years of age, the risk of developing colon cancer and the formation of polyps increases. Therefore, for those who have reached this age, chips should be banned. 93 CFU in 1 gram.
Vladimir Goldstein explains:
– Exceeding the QMAFAnM may be due to biological contamination of the indoor air, various microorganisms in the packaging compartment, or biological contamination of food additives applied to the chips. The chips are hermetically sealed, so storage conditions cannot affect the condition of the package. And food additives can be contaminated during their production or storage.
- Pesticides . The chips were tested for 420 pesticides. Four pesticides were detected in trace amounts. Chlorprofam, in 9 HMs, imidacloprid, in 2 HMs, propamocarb, in 2 HMs, and pirimiphos-methyl, in 2 HMs. Of these, the content of traces of only one of the listed pesticides was detected in nine brands, and two names of pesticides were found in the chips of three brands at once. Pesticides could get into the chips only through the main raw materials - root crops and cereals.
There is no trace of the pesticide in only four of the 16 brands studied - these are Santa Maria and Carambas corn chips, Kiwa beet chips, Pringles potato chips.
In the Russian Federation, the content of pesticide residues in food products is regulated by GN 1.2.1323-03 "Hygienic standards for the maintenance of environmental objects (list)". The main provisions of supervision, based on the current legislative and regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, including Federal Law No. 29 dated January 2, 2000-FZ "On the quality and safety of food products", set out in SanPiN 126.96.36.1998-01 "Hygienic requirements for the safety and nutritional value of food products".
Chlorprofam is a growth inhibitor. Used to prevent sprouts from sprouting on harvested potatoes. Pyrimiphos-methyl and imidacloprid are insecticides and traces are often present in grains. Propamocarb is a fungicide used to control soil, root, and leaf diseases.
Flavor enhancers. All detected flavor enhancers are safe for human health and are within the range permitted by law (TR CU 029/2012), however, some of them are not listed on the label. In particular, these are well-known to the consumer glutamates (E620 - E625), as well as less known guanylates (E626 - E629), inosinates (E630 - E633) and salts of adenosine monophosphate (E634 - E635).
Let's consider this situation in more detail.
During the analysis, glutamic acid, guanylates, inosine, adenosine monophosphate were detected. In many cases, only one or two of the three or four flavor enhancers identified in the product were listed on the label, or not at all. Why? Because the presence of unspecified substances may be associated not only with the possible addition of their salts in the form of food additives, but also with the natural content in the product.
According to TR CU 022/2011, the manufacturer indicates only what he adds. And what is present in a natural way does not need to be indicated.
Doctor of Biological Sciences, Head of the Laboratory of Food Chemistry, FGBUN "Federal Research Center for Nutrition and Biotechnology":
- It is possible to recognize whether a flavor enhancer has been added to a product indirectly, by one sign - the content of this flavor enhancer is much higher than the rest. But this is only a logical conclusion. In scientific works, in particular in "Methods of Biochemistry and Cytochemistry of Plant Nucleic Acids", the natural content of enhancers is allowed in dry samples from 2 to 100 mg/kg, in fresh (non-dehydrated) - from 10 to 250 mg/kg.
The total content of enhancers (guanylates, inosinates and adenosine monophosphate) in the products, according to the results from the laboratory, varies between 50-100 mg/kg, which is well within the numbers of the native presence of enhancers in the product.
Let's summarize. Flavor enhancers were identified in each of the studied samples. However, their content is extremely small, and in cases where they are not listed on the label, we can only talk about the natural presence of these substances.
There are no excesses in relation to the standards. Permissible in total no more than 500 mg / kg, according to the “Hygienic standards for the use of flavor and aroma enhancers”, Appendix 16 to the technical regulation “Safety requirements for food additives, flavors and technological aids” (TR CU 029/2012) “Hygienic standards. The use of flavor and aroma enhancers.
Vladimir Bessonov comments :
- In a situation where the product contains only substances inherent in this product, even if they can be called food additives, there are no violations. Guanylates and inosinates, adenosine monophosphate are natural substances. They are present in all living organisms (both animals and plants). Once again, they are endogenous, that is, they are synthesized in any organism where there is DNA and RNA. This is their normal content in a biological object, they are not added there. They are kept there natively, by nature. In this situation, the listed components formed independently in the product. On a broader examination, both acetates and mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids can be found in the chips, which are just normal constituents of foods, but they also have analogues among food additives. It just proves once again that a food product is a complex mixture of chemicals that food chemistry studies. Of course, amplifiers can be synthetically produced and added, but this is expensive. If a substance (or ingredient) is added to a product by the manufacturer, only then is it included in the label.
Are the identified flavor enhancers safe?
– The safety of flavor enhancers such as guanylates and inosinates was reviewed by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) in 1974-1992. For these nutritional supplements, the maximum daily intake has not been established, says Bessonov . - This means that they do not bring harm to health.
Don't eat so much
A negative effect on health has been proven at a dosage of about 700 grams per day for a person weighing 70 kg. A person simply will not eat so much amplifier in its pure form every day.
– The claim that flavor enhancers are addictive is unsubstantiated. In addition to the statements of bloggers and illiterate doctors, there is no scientific justification for this. To say that an enhancer is addictive is to talk about getting used to food in general, since food always contains flavor enhancers, adds Vladimir Bessonov . – Products without inosinates are pure sugar, for example, pure starch, pure refined deodorized fat... We eat them, of course, but they are not the basis of our diet. You won't just eat them. All other products contain enhancers natively, their presence is due to the biology of animals and plants.
Why then do chips have such a rich taste and aroma?
- The very technology of chips production involves some kind of design. Remember your personal experience: protein products (for example, fat-free cottage cheese) and carbohydrate products (for example, sugar) have a very poor taste. Oddly enough, the taste of the product is most often associated with fat, - says Vladimir Bessonov . - In fried potatoes, the main components are potatoes and fat, in chips there is even more fat than in fried potatoes. Fattier foods are always more attractive and tastier, and this is not due to flavor and aroma enhancers. And we are discussing only the “pure” taste. And the chips also use technological flavors, they repeat the tastes of products that are very attractive from an organoleptic point of view (sour cream, cheese, ham, bacon, fried chicken, etc.).
About how flavors are produced, why they should not be afraid, read HERE .
- In addition, - notes Vladimir Bessonov , - manufacturers will not add amplifiers to the recipe in larger quantities than necessary, as this will spoil the taste of the product. Chips are a common snack, you should not be afraid of problems from the listed nutritional supplements. Other characteristics of chips should cause much more concern: high calorie content and sodium content.
The main ingredients are starch and fat? Dealing with BJU
Chips are made either from natural potatoes or from a dry semi-finished product with the addition of a significant (up to 60–70%) amount of starch (potato or corn). The second option is cheaper than the first. And, looking at the prices, it is easy to understand that most chips contain precisely dry semi-finished products. To reduce the cost of the product, flour (rice, wheat) is also used. An analysis of the starch content showed that most of this ingredient is in corn chips - almost 60%, in second place are potato chips - up to 50% starch. And this peculiar rating is closed by beet chips: it is clear that there is the least amount of starch in beetroot, it is practically absent there.
Analysis of proteins, fats and carbohydrates showed that only 3-7% of the product is protein. The carbohydrate content of all chips varies from 55 to 71%. Fat on average 30% (from 25 to 38%). Beet chips do not differ from potato chips - an average of 30% fat.
There is slightly less fat in corn chips of three brands - 17-21%, but this is not an indicator, because in the fourth of the studied packs of corn snacks - Carambas - 35% fat.
That is, chips are literally a third made up of vegetable fat. The calorie content of this product is 510–530 kcal / 100 g. Compare: the calorie content of ordinary fried potatoes is 200 kcal per 100 g, boiled - 86 kcal / 100 g.
Attention to deep fat
Executive Director of the Association of Producers and Consumers of Fat and Oil Products
- Oil for frying can be anything: sunflower or palm, soybean or rapeseed, special frying fat. The composition matters too. The more saturated fatty acids, the higher the oxidative stability of the oil. And also the level of polyunsaturated fatty acids (acids that are indispensable for our body) matters, they should be, on the contrary, the less the better, since these acids are easily oxidized.
Therefore, when frying, preference is given to special mixtures for frying, frying fats. These fat products can reduce the content of unhealthy components, in particular acrylamide, formed during the frying process of both chips and any other product.
As for the indicators that are important for vegetable oil in its pure form, the acid and peroxide numbers increase during frying in any case, and it is incorrect to compare them with the norms adopted for vegetable oil!
The fact that the manufacturer uses insufficiently fresh oil for frying or uses it several times belongs to the category of consumer myths. Such chips would acquire an unpleasant greasy smell or a pronounced smell of drying oil due to the aldehydes and ketones that are formed during the oxidation process. And your nose will be the first to signal this! It is unlikely that a consumer who accidentally stumbles upon chips with the smell of drying oil will want to buy them again. Therefore, manufacturers are interested in the fact that the product has an attractive aroma, and do not reuse deep-fryers, the same applies to rancid oil.
Do chips contain trans fats?
Dispelled the myth that there are a lot of trans-fatty acids in chips. According to TR TS 024, the mass fraction of trans-isomers in the fatty phase of the product should not exceed 2%. Trans-isomers, which cause panic among healthy lifestyle supporters, are extremely difficult to meet in chips: the manufacturing process is such that trans fats simply do not form. To reassure consumers, we analyzed the content of trans-isomers and found them in extremely small quantities (taking into account the error method) - from 0.03 to 0.2%, which not only fits into the parameters recommended by the technical regulations, but also gives reason to say that there are practically no trans fats in chips.
Ekaterina Nesterova explains:
– In order for trans fats to form, many conditions are necessary, including high temperature (over 160 degrees) and active hydrogen. That's when you fry potatoes, where do you get active hydrogen in the pan? And when frying chips - from where? Therefore, the presence of trans-isomers in such products is a myth. Unrefined and refined vegetable oils by their nature do not contain trans isomers, and the absence of trans isomers in fats, mixtures and other products of vegetable oil processing is ensured by the “no more than 2%” standard established in the technical regulations.
For comparison: the natural content of trans-isomers in cow's milk is 8%, but no one refuses milk for this very reason.
About flour chips
By the way, consumers believe that those chips that are not made from whole potatoes, but from potato flour are the most harmful. Why?
Dietitian, MD Mariyat Mukhina explains:
- Potato flour is obtained from dried potatoes, that is, this product undergoes heat treatment twice: when dried and when deep-fried. When processing potatoes into flour, the remaining fiber is destroyed - such chips are digested much faster than ordinary slices and increase the glycemic index in the body even faster.
How much salt is in chips?
On average, chips contain 2. 5% salt. No relationship between salt content and feedstock has been identified, it all depends on the manufacturer's recipe. Among the studied samples, the least salt is found in Happy Nachos corn chips (1.07%) and beetroot Kiwa (1.11%). Most of all - in potato Lorenz (3.46%). The salt content of other chips varies within this range.
WHO recommends limiting daily salt intake to 5 g, in this aspect, a 100-gram pack of average chips covers half of the daily salt requirement.
Compare potato, vegetable and grain chips
Vegetable and grain chips are perceived by most buyers as a healthy alternative to classic chips. Research has shown that this is a myth.
Calorie content and fat content are about the same level. So, in Kiwa beet chips, where non-hydrogenated palm oil is indicated in the composition, the mass fraction of fat is a quarter of the product.
Only in one of the 16 chips (“Zdoroveda”) vegetable fat is not declared in the label, but sunflower seeds are indicated in the composition, and this is already a source of vegetable fats. The kelp included in the composition did not make the chips more useful. As mentioned above, when studying for potentially hazardous substances in Zdoroveda beetroot chips, cadmium and arsenic were found in quantities exceeding the maximum permissible level. The salt in these chips is almost 2%. The chips were not fried, but did not become less harmful.
Potentially hazardous substances, such as acrylamide, ochratoxin, cadmium, can be found in any chips, the consumer is not immune from this.
- When buying vegetable chips, be sure to study the composition. If the composition contains salt, vegetable fats, vegetable oil, just remember that such a product will not benefit your body. Give preference to a product that, apart from the vegetables themselves, contains practically nothing, including salt. If you follow a healthy lifestyle, pay attention to dried slices of beets, tomatoes, zucchini, carrots. You can prepare a healthy snack at home by drying thin slices of vegetables in an oven at a low temperature or in a special electric dryer.
Can kids have chips?
Many parents believe that a small amount of chips will not hurt the child. Our expert strongly disagrees with this.
pediatrician, international expert in children's products
The child eats chips with pleasure. Bright packaging, no cooking, inexpensive. But in fact, chips are just a ticking time bomb and definitely not a product for children at all. The fight against the advertising of chips as food for children is at the level of the World Health Organization.
Obesity has become just a tsunami of the 21st century, and chips are literally soaked in oil. Eating 100 grams of chips is like drinking 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil at once. That's a lot! For children, especially for teenagers, who have a very mobile endocrine system, the consumption of chips is the first step towards obesity, which the child will suffer from all his life. And obesity is diabetes, and cardiology, and neurology.
In addition, salt is included in the chips. The endocrine and cardiovascular systems are under threat, these are edema and kidneys ... It all starts with the fact that we add salt to the child's food from early childhood. As a pediatrician, I cannot but say: the sooner your child tries fried salted potatoes - for example, you gave him a try at a year old, and then again and again - the more pleasure he will eat chips and french fries in fast food restaurants at a conscious age . The longer you keep your child away from too much salt, the better!
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Poison in great demand: they want to protect schoolchildren from chips | Article
Selling chips, chocolates and sodas on school property may be banned. This initiative of the State Duma deputies is supported by experts in chorus, and some propose even more radical measures - to completely exclude these products from sale. Why snacks from vending machines are so harmful, how they are being fought in Russia and abroad, how to teach a child to eat right and what to put in his lunch box, read in the Izvestia material.
Captured by sugar
Chips, croutons, chocolate bars and sweet soda should not be sold on school grounds, said Leonid Ogul, deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on Health Protection, doctor of medical sciences. He proposed at the legislative level to ban the sale of these and other harmful products on the territory of educational institutions. According to the parliamentarian, school canteens should have juices, fruits, vegetables, dairy and sour-milk products, and marmalade and marshmallows from delicacies.
Obesity is one of the problems, the scale of which is increasing every year. Ogul cited figures according to which 2 million Russians were diagnosed with such a diagnosis last year. According to the Endocrinological Research Center of the Ministry of Health, 5–8% of schoolchildren suffer from this disease. For comparison, in the 1990s this figure was 2-3%. Now problems with being overweight are observed from the first years of life in 7% of Russian children, said Viktor Tutelyan, scientific director of the Federal Research Center for Nutrition and Biotechnology.
Children themselves do not know what is harmful and what is not, emphasizes the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Health Protection. How can a small child resist the sugar-laden sodas, chips, crackers, and chocolates that surround him?
At the end of September, 22-year-old American rapper Diego Linos, known under the pseudonym Lil Xan, was hospitalized. Contrary to speculation about a drug overdose, it turned out that the guy ended up in the hospital after eating corn chips in a spicy sprinkle.
Photo: Global Look Press/West Coast Surfer
According to the National Research Center for Children's Health of the Ministry of Health of Russia, every fourth Russian schoolchild spends pocket money on chips. Approximately the same number of children snack on buns, another 20% - sweets, 17% stock up on sweet soda. And although there were no cases of “overdose” with harmful snacks, the numbers are very frightening.
"Chips, chocolates, Coca-Cola - this does not even need to be discussed, it is pure poison," Mikhail Orekhov, a therapist and nutritionist with 30 years of experience, told Izvestia. According to him, the introduction of a ban on the sale of chips and other similar snacks in schools has been brewing for a long time. The nutritionist is convinced that these products should ideally be removed from sale altogether.
“One of the biggest mistakes children make is that they can afford to buy lollipops, Snickers and other chemicals,” the specialist emphasizes. Children's addiction to the same chocolate bars is quite understandable: they quickly provide energy, and a growing body needs much more of it. However, a banana will work almost the same, only such a food habit is not instilled in children.
This is confirmed by the figures: over the past 10 years, schoolchildren began to eat half as much fresh fruit. This conclusion was reached last year by specialists from the Research Institute of Hygiene and Health Protection of Children and Adolescents of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation after a survey of ninth-graders.
Mulled wine, pumpkin and others
No chips or candy bars are included in school meal regulations. However, no one bothers to install vending machines on the territory of educational institutions, where harmful snacks will be sold. According to the law, the governing councils from among the parents can demand to remove them, the decision of which must be followed by the school management.
Photo: TASS/Kirill Kukhmar
As for canteens, many parents now have carte blanche, literally a map that allows them to keep track of what their child buys for a snack. In metropolitan schools, it allows you to make stop lists of purchases prohibited for a child. Parents most often bring sweets, chocolate, pastries, sandwiches, cookies, cakes, salty and sweet snacks, as well as sweet drinks into them, they said in the Moscow Department of Information Technology.
Lunches are brought to the school from factories that build the menu in accordance with the requirements. Some of them are trying to diversify the menu, which, in the usual sense of Russians, consists of three or four types of soups with bread, cutlets of various types, mashed potatoes or buckwheat with compote. In Kemerovo schools, for example, dishes with pumpkin grown by local farmers appeared this year. At the Surgut plant, which organizes meals for schoolchildren, dishes such as turkey with sour cream sauce, chop with cheese and stewed turkey with zucchini have been introduced into the diet.
Most people experiment in Moscow. Last year, the Aptekarsky Ogorod restaurant-dining room was opened at school No. 1468 with a separate Zdravushka zone, designed for children with food restrictions, where they sell fruit and vegetable chips, berry fruit drinks and other diet delicacies. And in the main department, for example, children are offered non-alcoholic mulled wine with cherry juice. However, only a few can boast of such diversity. In addition, such options may not be affordable for everyone.
Abroad will not help
“Children often ask their parents to cook the same meals for them that they ate at school, and parents go to school for recipes,” the headmaster of an elementary school in Tokyo quotes the author of the book “The Healthiest Children in world live in Japan" by Naomi Moriyama. One of the rules for organizing school meals in Japanese schools is that lunches are prepared from fresh, locally grown products. At the same time, children are involved in cooking and show them how products are obtained.
American first graders often have no idea where food comes from. Famous British chef, restaurateur and promoter of healthy eating Jamie Oliver in the documentary show Jamie's Food Revolution asked elementary school students in the States to name the fruits and vegetables that he showed them - they did not know a single name. This was Oliver's second such large-scale project. He started his campaign for healthy school meals in his native UK. As in the United States, addiction to fast food and unhealthy snacks among children and adolescents is much more deeply rooted there. Harmful products are offered by the schools themselves: nuggets, sausages, chips can be part of the lunch.
“If you give your kids carbonated drinks, you're ugly. If you give them chips, you are an idiot. If your child is not eating normal hot meals, deal with it as soon as possible,” says Oliver.
The restaurateur's campaign was fought even at the state level. Health Minister Andrew Lansley criticized Jamie Oliver for simply lecturing people about food. However, dozens of schools still switched to the scheme proposed by the cook. In the USA, things got more complicated - a couple of times the promoter of healthy eating was simply kicked out.
There is a big “but”
Russia is far from the obesity rates that are recorded among American children. However, the school catering system also needs to be improved, experts agree. Officials and legislators are discussing a whole package of measures. In particular, they plan to introduce special chips for labeling products that are supplied to schools and kindergartens. Suppliers of products from which it is planned to make a diet menu may be given preferences. And to assess the quality of these products, it is planned to approve the most severe GOST.
Photo: TASS/Anton Novoderezhkin
Now the situation leaves much to be desired, says Alexei Kalinchev, an endocrinologist, nutritionist and nutritionist. “Unfortunately, the leadership of children's institutions cannot organize meals themselves in the way they consider necessary and correct. They are required to purchase from authorized organizations that have won tenders to supply them with food through the public procurement system. As we understand, in all tenders, the company that offered the lowest price most often wins. This means that the quality of food will inevitably suffer, ”he said in an interview with Izvestia. The specialist is pessimistic: in this situation, the food in kindergartens and schools "will inevitably be disgusting."
Nutritionist Mikhail Orekhov shares the pessimism. In his opinion, the main problem is the lack of quality products.
“I would advise those involved in the organization of child nutrition in schools to refer to the diet of our children's clinical hospitals from the 1970-1980s,” the expert noted, stressing, however, that in any case everything depends on product quality issue.
In his opinion, in addition to the ban on chips and chocolate bars, an important point is to provide schoolchildren with unlimited access to high-quality water, which should replace sodas and juices that children love. It is desirable that they drink at least a little every break. “About 80% of people have terrible dehydration,” emphasizes Orekhov. “Water should be artesian, spring, and not boiled - there is no oxygen in this water, and water is the main source of oxygen for metabolic processes.”
Unhealthy snacks and sweets should be replaced with the same fruits - this eating habit should be developed from childhood, experts agree. “In order to teach children to eat right, you need to give them the opportunity to eat when they are hungry, try a variety of foods and choose what they like,” clinical psychologist, psychotherapist, member of the Play Therapy Association Irina Katin-Yartseva told Izvestia. . According to her, banning certain products, forcibly regulating the volume of portions is ineffective. Moreover, in the long run, this can lead to adverse consequences: impaired communication with one's own body, fixation on prohibited foods, eating disorders (compulsive overeating, anorexia, bulimia, etc.), the psychologist emphasizes.
“It is important to develop a culture of nutrition: to provide the child with knowledge about how the human body functions, what certain foods are made of, how they affect the body, to encourage the child to be sensitive to the signals of his body, to distinguish and compare the smells and tastes of different foods and their combinations, pay attention to table setting and a pleasant atmosphere while eating,” advises Irina Katin-Yartseva.
But in reality it's like
Nutritionist Aleksey Kalinchev emphasizes that the health of children is the concern of their parents. “Don’t try to find something useful in unhealthy and tasteless food in the canteen, it will most likely be only bottled water. Let the child take food with you, you won’t lose,” the expert believes. He notes that this, in addition, will teach the child to eat regularly, without long breaks: “It is breaks in food that lead to the development of gastritis, pancreatitis and other typical diseases of modern man.”
Aleksey Kalinchev, endocrinologist, nutritionist, nutritionist
I recommend giving your child non-perishable foods, taking into account his tastes, the season and the capabilities of his parents. Pure meat, not products from it. Vegetables fruits.
If the child is active and goes in for sports, it is imperative to monitor his carbohydrate intake. Building materials are vital for a growing body: complete protein, proper fat, carbohydrates as energy, vitamins, the doctor emphasizes.
“You can already explain to a first-grader that what is put in the lunchbox should be eaten in the morning, at the first breaks. Everything that lies longer can deteriorate, ”emphasizes in turn the therapist, nutritionist Irina Gromova. Like all the experts interviewed by Izvestia, she emphasizes that no sweets, cheesecakes and other sweets should be given to the child. In an interview with the publication, Irina Gromova gave some advice for those parents who want to provide their child with food for school.
1. One of the options for a complete snack for a child is a sandwich. Bread is ideally whole grain. Wheat flour of the highest grade in the composition should be in fifth place and further, the nutritionist emphasizes. “Feeding white bread is the same if your child eats sugar with a spoon,” emphasizes Irina Gromova.
2. You can put cheese on a piece of bread. Sausage is out of the question. You can replace it with boiled or baked meat at home.
3. You can put tomatoes and cucumbers in a container nearby, it is important that they are not chopped, otherwise they will spoil.