Can i feed baby yogurt
Can Babies Have Yogurt: Answers for Parents
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Babies and yogurt
It’s exciting when your baby makes the leap from breast milk and formula to solids, and one of those exciting new foods is yogurt.
If you’re wondering if your baby can have yogurt, most experts agree that 6 months is a good age to begin eating the creamy and yummy concoction. This is a good age because it’s around this same time that most babies are starting to eat solid food.
Once you decide to feed your baby yogurt, other questions will arise such as the best recipes to try, and if Greek yogurt is a wise choice. Possible allergic reactions are something to consider as well.
Why yogurt is good for babies
It’s good for babies 6 months and older to eat yogurt because it’s nutritional and beneficial. Yogurt also may make tummies — big and small — happy.
There are three main benefits to yogurt. The first is that yogurt is a quick, easy to find, and convenient source of protein.
The second is the presence of probiotics. Much of these will not colonize the intestines so in that way, yogurt fine-tunes the immune system that lines the intestines and may help little bodies begin to recognize friendly versus harmful bacteria.
The third reason is that yogurt has less lactose than whole milk. Babies still retain the enzyme to break down lactose, so that’s not as important as it is for adults with lactose intolerance.
The Greek yogurt conundrum
Greek yogurt is all the rage. It’s high in protein and usually contains less sugar than traditional flavored yogurts.
A lot of parents also turn to frozen or refrigerated Greek yogurt as a teething solution because it’s easy to eat and soothing. It also contains some of the nutrients that babies need when teething pain and tummy troubles decrease their appetites for other solid foods.
As an added bonus, Greek yogurt is strained more than regular, store-bought yogurt. This means that one of the proteins that causes allergic reactions (whey) and the lactose levels are lower in Greek yogurt, making it easier to digest than whole milk, which is not recommended for babies under one year.
If you do choose to go with Greek yogurt, opt for plain. Greek yogurt with fruit or sweeteners and flavoring can be high in sugar and can cause unhealthy weight gain. It’s also best not to add honey until the baby is older than 12 months, to avoid botulism poisoning.
That said, there are pediatricians and nutritionists who caution against Greek yogurt and yogurt in general because of milk allergies and lactose intolerance. So if you’re worried, check with your doctor first.
Allergic reactions to yogurt occur when babies have milk allergies, if the yogurt is made with cow’s milk.
Some telltale signs are:
- a rash around the mouth
If you spot any of these signs, stop feeding your baby yogurt and contact a doctor.
Even with milder symptoms, as is the case with most new foods introduced into a baby’s diet, it’s always best to wait three days after the initial feeding to look for signs of an allergic reaction.
Yogurt recipes and preparation
Leena Saini, who authors the blog Masala Baby: Global Cuisine for Tiny Taste Buds, encourages moms to feed babies yogurt because it’s served to babies all over the world.
Yogurt can be served in baby oatmeal and rice cereal (instead of mixing in milk as the box usually directs you to do), or added to simple mashed fruits or homemade applesauce for a protein and calcium boost.
In India, babies and children commonly drink lassi, a yogurt drink mixed with fruit and spices such as cardamom or rosewater, says Saini.
Karin Knight and Tina Ruggiero, authors of the book The Best Homemade Baby Food on the Planet, recommend yogurt for babies because it’s high in protein and contains calcium, potassium, vitamin B-12, and magnesium. Knight is a registered nurse and Ruggiero is a registered dietician.
Banana yogurt pudding recipe
One recipe the pair suggests is Yummy in My Tummy Banana Yogurt Puddin’. To make, sauté 2 to 4 tablespoons of bananas in a frying pan with 1 teaspoon of butter. Add that to 2 tablespoons of plain yogurt. Blend the mixture, chill it, then serve.
Black bean avocado yogurt recipe
Another dish to consider once a baby is eating mixed foods is black beans with avocado and yogurt. The recipe consists of 1/4 cup of black beans, 1/4 avocado, 1/4 cup of plain yogurt, and 2 teaspoons of vegetable oil. Combine all the ingredients in a blender or food processor and serve.
Once the baby is 1 year and older, a nice cool treat is frozen plain or frozen plain Greek yogurt blended or topped with fresh fruit such as bananas, strawberries, or blueberries, and served in a waffle cone or waffle bowl.
Yogurt is a healthy snack for all ages. Once your baby is old enough to start eating solid food, yogurt can be incorporated into their diet.
If you notice your baby showing signs of lactose intolerance or an allergic reaction after eating yogurt, contact your pediatrician.
Mekeisha Madden Toby is a Los Angeles–based journalist. She has been honing her craft professionally since 1999, also writing for Essence, MSN TV, The Detroit News, Mom.me, People Magazine, CNN.com, Us Weekly, The Seattle Times, San Francisco Chronicle, and more. The Detroit native, wife, and mother holds a bachelor of arts in journalism from Wayne State University.
When Can Babies Eat Yogurt?
Written by WebMD Editorial Contributors
Reviewed by Dan Brennan, MD on March 14, 2021
In this Article
- Introducing Your Baby to Yogurt
- Nutritional Benefits of Yogurt for Your Baby
- How to Prepare Yogurt for Your Baby
- Tips for Introducing New Foods to Your Baby
When you begin to offer your baby solid food around six months, you introduce them to a variety of tastes, flavors, and textures. Before you begin, it’s important to know how to safely introduce allergenic foods.
Yogurt is a great food choice once your baby is introduced to solids. Yogurt is safe for babies as long as you pay close attention to nutrition labels and watch for any allergic reactions. Talk to your doctor first if there is a history of dairy allergy or lactose intolerance in your family.
Introducing Your Baby to Yogurt
Be sure to read labels on yogurt and make sure to avoid two specific ingredients:
- Honey. Honey isn't safe before 12 months because your baby may contract a type of food poisoning called botulism.
- Added sugar. Many yogurts have added sugar or sweeteners that have no benefit for your baby. Try sweetening yogurt with fruit instead.
You should only introduce one new food at a time to your baby, and wait at least three days before introducing another. By doing this, you can pinpoint an allergic reaction if they have one. Since dairy allergies are common, this is especially important when offering yogurt to your baby.
Watch for these signs of an allergic reaction:
- Skin rash
- Swelling around the lips or eyes
If your baby has an allergic reaction, stop feeding them yogurt and call your pediatrician. They can provide guidelines of when to try offering yogurt again to see if the allergy goes away with time.
Nutritional Benefits of Yogurt for Your Baby
Yogurt is rich in protein and calcium, as well as phosphorus and B vitamins. While protein aids in muscle development and calcium promotes strong bones and teeth, most of yogurt's health benefits seem to come from its live bacterial content. Yogurt and other fermented foods that contain specific strains of live bacteria are known as “probiotic.” Probiotic foods like yogurt may help maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in your baby’s gut. Over time, probiotic foods may even prevent a wide range of health issues including obesity and diabetes.
A serving size for your baby is about half a cup of yogurt. Some yogurt brands are fortified with added protein and vitamins that are fine for your baby, but read labels carefully to look for added sugar and honey as ingredients.
How to Prepare Yogurt for Your Baby
Once you have established that your baby isn't allergic to either yogurt or individual fruits, add chopped or mashed fruits to your baby’s yogurt for added taste and sweetness. Make sure the pieces are small enough that they aren't a choking hazard.
Great chopped or mashed fruits to add to yogurt include:
You can spoon-feed your baby or let them hold the spoon and try to feed themself. Of course, they might make a mess. This is part of their learning about food as they are introduced to solids.
Tips for Introducing New Foods to Your Baby
Before offering new foods, ask these questions:
- Can my baby hold their head up independently? This is an important developmental milestone for eating solid food.
- Is my baby interested in eating? Your baby may watch you eat with interest, or even try to grab your food and taste it. When you offer your baby a spoon, they should open their mouth to eat.
- Can my baby move food to their throat? If you offer food with a spoon, your baby may push it out with their tongue first. This is called the tongue-thrust reflex. With time they will learn to use their tongue to push the food to the back of their mouth and swallow.
Offer a variety. As your baby starts to eat solid foods, they need variety in their diet. This helps ensure your baby is receiving all of the nutrients they need and also helps expand their palate for new tastes.
Normalize new foods. Once you introduce a new food to your baby and you've confirmed they aren't allergic to it, try to offer it to them again at least twice a week. Not only does this familiarize your baby with new foods, but it can also prevent food allergies. Additionally, when your baby is learning to eat, they watch you. Make sure to offer them the same foods the rest of the family is eating for encouragement.
Consider Allergens. By the time your baby is 12 months old, they should be introduced to each of the common allergenic foods:
- Cooked egg
- Creamy peanut butter
- Cow’s milk (dairy)
- Tree nuts (such as cashew or almond paste)
- Fish and other seafood
By introducing these foods early in life, you can reduce your baby’s chance of developing food allergies.
From what age can yogurt be given to children and how to prepare it at home?
One of the favorite treats for both adults and children is yogurt. This product is obtained by adding microorganisms that promote fermentation to milk - thermophilic streptococcus and Bulgarian stick. This distinguishes it from other fermented milk products and provides its beneficial effect. At what age can you start giving your baby yogurt? What is the benefit for the child from this product? Can it negatively affect the child's body? How to make healthy yogurt at home? Is it possible to feed a child with store-bought yogurt and how to choose the right quality yogurt for babies?
Yogurt - what is it good for?
- Yoghurt is a source of protein that is easily digestible in the child's body;
- This fermented milk product contains a lot of calcium, which is important in the formation of bones and strengthening of teeth;
- Yogurt contains many vitamins A, B, potassium, chlorine and phosphorus. Yogurts contain many vitamins and microelements that are important for the growth of a child;
- The probiotics in this product are good for digestion. and immunity Yogurt is useful to eat after taking antibiotics, it restores the microflora in the intestine;
- If you eat yogurt every day, the body produces interferon, and it increases the protective functions of the body;
- Children's yogurt can be liquid (you can drink it) and thick (pectin is added to it), which allows you to diversify the baby's complementary foods with this product.
When can yogurt be dangerous?
Yogurt itself cannot harm a child, but since it is a perishable product, there is a danger of feeding the baby expired and spoiled yogurt. Always carefully check the date of manufacture of the product and the expiration date .
There are so many fermented milk products in the stores now that you can accidentally choose yogurt that is not intended for children in such abundance. You need to be careful not to make such mistakes.
Are you allergic to yogurt?
A baby may be allergic to yogurt in two cases:
- if the fermented milk product contains berries and fruits;
- if the baby is allergic to cow's milk protein.
At what age are children offered yogurt?
Pediatricians recommend giving yogurt to formula-fed babies from the age of 8 months. Breastfed babies are introduced to complementary foods from 9 months.
How to properly introduce into the diet?
The first acquaintance of the baby with yogurt is best done during breakfast, offering him one spoonful of the new product . This is done so that during the day it is possible to assess the child's condition - whether there is an allergy to yogurt. If there is no reaction, then in the future, yogurt is given to the child along with fruit foods, during an afternoon snack. This is usually the fourth feeding of the day. Yogurt can also be combined with cookies and cottage cheese.
Yogurts not marked “for children” with live bacteria are given to a child after two years. What portion of yogurt is recommended for children to eat at an early age? The daily volume of this product should not exceed half of the norm of all fermented milk supplements received by the child. Children under 1 year old are given 80-100 ml of yogurt, and at the age of 1 to 3 years, the portion is increased to 200 ml.
How to make your own yogurtYogurt starter can be bought at any pharmacy
To make yogurt, you need to buy a special starter. You will also need fresh boiled milk. It is advisable to sterilize the dishes in which you will prepare the yogurt.
In a yogurt maker
Cool the boiled milk to a temperature of 38-40 degrees, not higher, add the starter. At temperatures over 40 degrees, bacteria will not be able to multiply and yogurt will not turn out. After adding the leaven to it, mix thoroughly. Pour milk into sterile containers. Now the yogurt maker will do its job. It constantly maintains the desired temperature at which bacteria actively multiply. The main advantage of the yogurt maker is the long-term maintenance of the temperature necessary for the “work” of the starter microorganisms.
The process of preparing the product in the yoghurt maker takes approximately 8-10 hours. You can put milk at night, and in the morning you can eat yogurt. Store it in the refrigerator for no longer than 4-5 days. It is better to give this product to a child in the first two or three days after fermentation - the longer the yogurt is stored, the less beneficial bacteria it contains.
Making yogurt in a yogurt maker:
In a multicooker
You can also make yogurt in a multicooker if it has a Keep Warm mode. Boil 2 liters of milk, then cool it to the desired temperature (38-40 degrees). We add sourdough to it. Having closed the device with a lid, set it to the desired “yogurt” mode. Cooking time - 8-10 hours. When the yogurt is ready, pour it into glass containers and put it in the refrigerator. You can eat it after 2-3 hours.
Homemade yogurt in a slow cooker:
In a thermos
Add the starter to boiled and cooled to 40 degrees milk, mix. Pour it into a thermos, after dousing the thermos with boiling water . This must be done to clean the thermos from pathogenic bacteria. We close the thermos, wrap it in a towel and put it in a warm place - near the battery in winter or in a sunny place in summer.
After 4-7 hours the product in a thermos is usually ready. Now you need to pour the yogurt into sterile cups or jars. Then we send it to the refrigerator for at least a couple of hours. In a cold environment, bacteria growth stops, preventing further mowing of milk . In yogurt, you can put pieces of fruit, a little jam or syrup.
How to make homemade yogurt in a thermos:
Homemade yogurt for children under one year old - recipes
It's good if the baby liked the taste of yogurt without additives. However, some kids are happy to eat sour-milk products, if you diversify their taste with fruits. What ingredients go with homemade or store-bought baby yogurt?
- With apples or applesauce.
- Peach or peach puree.
Important! When you mix yogurt with fresh fruit, you should eat it right away, but you can add canned fruit puree from the store in advance.
Seasonal fruit salad with yogurt
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Yoghurt is an excellent dressing for fruit salads. Since it is better for children to give only seasonal fruits, we will conditionally divide salads into summer and winter. Such a delicacy can be pampered by children over 1 year old. Let's look at some recipes for fruit salads with yogurt.
Add fruits of your choice and omit those you don't have on hand. Fruit salad is always delicious!
How to make summer salad:
You will need:
- small apple;
- plum - 3 pcs.;
- melon - 1 slice;
- grapes - a small handful.
Thoroughly wash the fruit and remove the stones and skins. Cut the pulp into small cubes, season the salad with yogurt. If you need to sweeten the dish, add a little honey.
Winter fruit salad:
You will need the following ingredients (1 each):
Remove the skin and seeds from the fruit and cut the flesh into cubes. Lay the fruits in layers, seasoning each of them with yogurt. You can sprinkle a little sugar on each layer.
It is best to treat your baby to this salad as soon as it is prepared, so that the fruit does not lose its beneficial properties. To increase appetite and to interest the child, you can try to design a new dish in the form of a house, car or some kind of animal.
How to make yoghurt taste great, and what are some useful additives?
Dried fruits. Raisins and dried apricots are very useful on their own. If you add them to yogurt, then it will not lose its value and will acquire a sweetish note. Moreover, children always like to catch dried fruits from yogurt and eating it turns into a kind of game.
Vanilla. She has an excellent aroma, from which many are delighted. If you add a little vanilla to the finished yogurt, it will be incredibly fragrant and appetizing. The main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise the product will be slightly bitter.
Nuts. Nuts are rich in fats, which are so necessary for a growing child's body. They help make yogurt not only tastier, but also more satisfying. Cashews, almonds, hazelnuts, and walnuts make great additions.
Muesli. Also able to change the taste of yogurt and make it more satisfying. The flakes become soft and melt, which many children like.
Which starter to use?
If you want to prepare healthy yogurt for your baby, do not use store-bought yogurt as a starter, as the fillers and microflora of the product will give you unpredictable results. Buy only a special starter that contains the bacteria needed to make yogurt.
Buy the starter culture from a pharmacy (or store), check its expiration date. Make sure it has been kept in the refrigerator. When preparing yogurt for a child under one year old, always take a new starter.
There are also starter cultures from which other fermented milk products are prepared - these are streptosan, bifivit and vitalakt. They contain other bacteria. Occasionally indulge your little ones with foods made from these starters for a change.
Choosing a good yogurt for a child in a store
- Look at the label to see if the product is labeled “yogurt”.
- Read the ingredients - baby yogurt should only be made with milk and starter. If the composition contains flavors, preservatives and thickeners, refuse to buy.
- Yoghurts containing pieces of fruit may be purchased but should be given carefully. The baby may have an allergy. It is best to add store-bought fruit puree to regular plain yogurt.
- For a small child, especially the first year of life, it is better to choose semi-fat or classic milk yogurt with a fat content of up to 3.2 g. For a child from 2 to 5 years old, classic, milk-cream and cream-milk yogurts are suitable. Fat-free and reduced-fat yoghurts are not foods of choice for children and should only be used on the advice of a doctor.
- Check expiration date. Valid value is 5-7 days. Yoghurts that can be stored longer contain preservatives. Do not buy a product that can be stored without refrigeration.
- Yoghurts of currently known manufacturers - Aktimel, Miracle, Ehrmann, Rastishka, Immunele and others do not belong to baby food. They have a longer shelf life, they contain dyes and flavors identical to natural ones. They are allowed to be given to children from 3 years old, this is indicated on the product packaging.
- If yogurt is marketed as a bioproduct, the microorganism concentration must be included on the label. Usually, by the end of their expiration dates, their content should be at least 107 CFU.
Under the brand name "Agusha" 2 types of yoghurts for children up to 1 year old are produced
- viscous, to be eaten with a spoon;
- drinkable, which can be drunk from a cup or bottle.
Both recommended from 8 months. Agusha is distinguished by the widest range of children's yoghurts.
The shelf life of Agusha yoghurts is 14 days.
Tyoma only has drinking yoghurts. Bioyoghurts Tyoma are recommended from 8 months.
Ingredients: whole milk, powdered and skimmed milk, sugar, fruit puree and juice, thickener (cornstarch), natural color (carrot juice), acidity regulator (concentrated lemon juice), Bioyoghurt Tyoma contains 3.2% protein, 2 .8% fat, 11.5%, sugar 5.8%, calories 84 kcal.
The introduction of yogurt to the child's menu is something that cannot be neglected, because the benefits of this product are obvious. The Bulgarian stick contained in it has a detrimental effect on various pathogenic bacteria in the body. Therefore, yogurt can be called a natural probiotic that protects the health of your crumbs.
Tips for consumers: how to choose the right yogurt?
Myths about yogurt - the benefits and harms of yogurt for children
Although yogurt has long been a well-known product, there are many myths around it. Consider the most popular of them.
Myth 1. Yogurt is a source of vitamins missing in the body. It is not true. Yes, yogurt contains vitamins necessary for the child's body, but their amount is very small. To replenish the body with the missing vitamins, the child will have to drink liters of yogurt.
Myth 2. Live yogurt can have a long shelf life. This is a delusion of modern mothers who believe that technology has taught a quality product not to deteriorate for a long time. Not true. All-natural yogurt can be consumed within a week and only if it is properly stored. After this period, all beneficial bacteria in the dessert die and it can no longer be called alive. Long-term storage yogurts contain preservatives in their composition, therefore they are not natural and are not recommended for children.
Myth 3. Yogurt is rich in calcium, like all dairy products. This is not entirely true. Calcium enters the body of a cow that gives milk with food. If it is not in grass and feed, then it is not in milk, and it will not be in yogurt. Therefore, in order for the milk you bought (and, accordingly, yogurt) to contain calcium, you must know for sure that the cow received it, for example, with special feed.
Myth 4. Yogurt is good for the kidneys. In fact, dairy products really cleanse the body of toxins, but fermented milk yogurt is not recommended for children with sand or kidney stones. Nephrologists in this case require to completely exclude it from the diet.
Myth 5. Yogurt should not be taken if urate is detected. On the contrary, yogurt should be drunk to children who have been found to have them, since fermented milk products are the best way to remove urates from the body.
Myth 6. Any yogurt benefits the body. The biological value of yogurt is reduced to zero after its pasteurization, so thermally processed yoghurts have absolutely no benefit - they no longer have live bacteria.
Myth 7. Yogurt should not be taken for diarrhea. This is another common misconception. After restoring the water balance, it is best to start eating with yogurt, which will help restore healthy intestinal microflora.
Myth 8. Sweet yogurt is just as healthy as plain yogurt. Sugar and bacteria can react with each other, so sugar-free yogurt is best.
Myth 9. Yoghurt can replace two or three meals a day. Do not get carried away with yoghurts - the children's body should receive good nutrition, rich in proteins, fats, carbohydrates, micro and macro elements. Yogurt cannot fully replace other foods.
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Children's yogurts - a hidden threat
/ All materials Yana Laputina, TV presenter:
“My daughter Teya is three years old, and for three years I have been trying to find a yogurt that would suit me. 6 CFU/1g).
Up to three years and older
Andrey Mosov, head of the expert department of NP Roskontrol, doctor:
“Yoghurts for children from 3 years old, as a rule, contain much more sugar than yogurts for children from 8 months old. If we take our sample, for example, in yogurt "Zdrivery" (marking - from 3 years old) there is almost 2 times more sugar than in "Tyome" . Such an amount of sugar for a child under 3 years old is a big burden on the liver and pancreas. Your child is at increased risk of developing diseases such as diabetes and obesity. That is why, if possible, there should be no added sugar in complementary foods at all. Also, yogurts for children over 3 years old may have a higher acidity, which is also not good for babies. In our case, Rastishki has a rather high acidity - both drinking and viscous.
Too much sugar, too little calcium
Children's nutritionists say that sugar in dairy products for children should be no more than 7-8%. How about really? In yoghurts "Zdrivers" and " Drinking plant" sugar turned out to be 10%. Slightly less (6-7%) in drinking yoghurts for babies - "Agusha" and "Tyoma" . But there is one thing: if we count the amount of sugar per package, then "Agusha" and "Tyoma" take the lead - just imagine, there are 3 pieces of sugar in one jar! That's half the daily sugar requirement for an eight-month-old baby.
So, there is little calcium in children's yoghurts. But protein is more than enough. And, in the literal sense: in most yogurts there is more protein than indicated on the label. In yogurt "Theme" for children from 8 months of age, the mass fraction of protein is 3.3%, which exceeds the standard for protein content in products for children of this age. Why is it important? The high protein content has a negative effect on the child's kidneys, and also increases the risk of allergic reactions. Note that this protein is cow's milk protein, the number one allergen, according to children's doctors.
Irina Berezhnaya, pediatric gastroenterologist, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education:
“Both in our country and in Europe, cow's milk proteins rank first in the frequency of allergic reactions in children under one year old. Allergy symptoms vary from skin rashes to digestive disorders - regurgitation, diarrhea, colic. In severe cases, there are also respiratory manifestations - runny nose, cough, difficulty breathing. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce yogurt into the baby’s diet very carefully, and taking into account the content of fruit additives and sugar in it, this is actually a product that is not suitable for children under one year old. At 8 months, giving such fruit yogurt to a child is not worth it. For the little ones, it is better to choose yogurt without sugar and additives.
Why are there black carrots in yogurt?
Three yoghurts: "Tyoma" strawberry-banana, "Rastishka" strawberry and "Drinking Rastishka" strawberry, the dye is black carrot juice. Roskontrol experts decided to figure out what kind of plant it is and why it is added to children's yogurts.
On the website of the yogurt manufacturer it is written that black carrots are not carrots at all, and not even a related crop, but a plant of the Asteraceae family - goat, or scorzonera.
Zhanetta Gorelova, manager Laboratory of Nutritional Epidemiology of the Research Institute of Hygiene and Health Protection of Children and Adolescents of the Scientific Center for Children's Health of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor:
“In itself, this plant is considered safe and even useful. It grows in the south of Europe - in Italy, Spain, France. It contains inulin, vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, and when cows graze on a pasture where black carrots grow, their milk yield even increases. But should black carrot juice be added to yogurts intended for children, especially babies under one year old? If we add something to a natural product, it already loses its properties of a natural product. Any exotic plants that do not grow in the area where the child lives are not recommended for use in children's products. Not to mention the fact that officially this plant is not included in the list of approved for baby food.
Looking for "black carrot juice" on the Internet. One of the first links is to a site where a certain Chinese-made concentrated powder is sold, at $ 15-25 per 1 kg.
We sincerely hope that manufacturers of yoghurts for children from 8 months add natural juice of a southern European vegetable to their products, and not a Chinese concentrate.
The choice is up to the parents: everyone decides whether the child needs yogurt with sugar and additives, or it is better to buy natural yogurt or regular children's kefir.
October 24, 2014
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