One year old baby food in tamil
6 months baby food chart with baby food recipes
By Swasthi on August 6, 2022, Comments,
6 months baby food chart with baby food recipes. The best time to start solids for babies is after 6 months. There are many sources suggesting introduction of solids from 3 to 4 months. But an early introduction of solids can lead to more colic, digestive troubles and allergies.
A baby develops digestive enzymes in between 4 to 6 months which are crucial for digestion of foods. It is a good choice to wait until the baby develops these enzymes completely.
A baby typically begins to develop head control from 3 to 4 months and gains strong head to neck muscles by 6 months. A strong head to neck control helps the baby to accept solids well and can easily swallow.
So by 6 months a baby has a better digestive system and a good head control which are needed before the introduction of solids.
Breast milk is the best bet for the overall growth of a baby. It is recommended to exclusively breast feed a baby for the first 6 months.
As an exception, formula milk is an alternate for women who cannot breast feed baby due to professional, personal or medical reasons.
If you have a baby older than 7 months, you can follow this complete
baby food chart for 8 months old and above
How do you know your baby is ready for solids?
1. The baby’s head & neck are stable. This means baby can accept food and swallow.
2. Baby must be able to sit stable with or without support.
3. Shows interest in food when others are eating.
4. Baby must be able to open the mouth when food is offered.
5. Baby is still hungry after breastfeeding or formula feed.
Tips on how to start solids for baby
First consult your pediatrician to confirm if your baby is ready for solids. It is very important to plan well before you introduce any other foods apart from breast milk.
Make your own feeding schedule along with the foods you intend you try and get an approval from your pediatrician. Most clinics and hospitals also provide a diet chart or at least a guide.
I have made this from the guidelines I got from the Clinics here in Singapore. I have followed the same for both my babies.
1. Always start with a single food. Either a fruit, vegetable or grain. Avoid a mixture of foods. You can start with mashed fruit first. The presence of digestive enzymes in fruits helps the baby to digest them better.
2. After a week, while you continue feeding fruit, you can start rice water (kanji), after a week clear dal soup or boiled vegetable broth / water.
3. Always follow the 3 day wait rule for every food you introduce. Wait for the results until the 4th day. Please see the doctor immediately if your baby develops rashes, runny nose, watery eyes, colic etc.
4. Introduce new foods to your baby during breakfast or lunch. Avoid trying new foods during the later time of the day as it is easy to get a control over the problems.
5. A 7 month old baby can eat only a tsp of mashed food initially. Slowly by 4 weeks increase the quantity to a tbsp and then more.
Helpful tips – introducing solids for baby
1. Use stainless steel or glass bowls and cups for preparation of baby foods. Avoid plastic ware even made of any superior material, including virgin plastic or graded as BPA free. Any kind of plastic ware consists of plasticizers that are used to make the containers flexible.
Plasticizers are similar to BPA and are an endocrine disruptor. Even BPA free plastic and virgin plastic ware have chemical plasticizers. Please use google search for more info.
2. Always feed the baby in a calm, quite environment and in a steady place like – on the lap, in a high chair or on the floor.
3. While feeding, refrain the baby from activities like watching a TV show, playing with a hand held gadget like mobile, and tablet or game devices. Some of these emit radiation that is not good for the baby.
4. Meal time has to be a learning for the baby, speaking to your baby about the food – its texture, taste and color helps the baby to develop a liking for the food. Or narrate a good story to the baby, do not encourage the baby to talk while eating. This may seem to be over disciplined but this is the only way i have found to grow fuss free kids. They will begin to love any food that is served.
5. Introduce water from a steel cup or a glass not from a feeding bottle or sipper. A 90 ml cup is best suited. This makes the transition from teat to cup easy when the baby grows up.
6 months baby food chart
To follow this baby chart please ensure your baby has completed 6 months and you have an approval from your pediatrician for the same.
A baby usually consumes milk every 2 to 3 hours. Solids should be served in between the feeds. Use plain boiled and cooled water to puree the fruits if needed. Avoid mixing milk or any other ingredient with fruit.
The combination of fruit and milk products results in indigestion, loss of appetite, no weight gain and accumulation of toxins.
Clear soups can be used to make pureed rice, oats or ragi cereal. Feeding only clear soups regularly is not a good idea as they lack the nutrition that is provided by a semi solid food or milk.
I have shared a sample baby food chart below which shows the quantities of fruits and vegetables. From the chart (day 13 to day 20), you can replace potato with rice porridge (kanji) or dal soup or ragi porridge.
This is an alternate table which you can follow if your baby is in between 6 and 7 months.
|Breastfeed or formula milk. What ever time your baby wakes up.|
7.30 to 8 am fruit puree
|One of the following: (only after 1½ to 2 hours of milk). You can use boiled cooled water to thin down the puree.|
1. Banana- mash with a fork or run in a blender.
2. Apple- peel,core,steam for about 5 to 6 minutes. Puree in a blender
3. Chickoo (sapota)- mash with a fork and spoon
4. Pear- peel and core, steam for 5 to 6 minutes
5. Papaya – mash with a fork or blend
6. Ripe avocado – add it to a blender and puree
11.30 to 12.30 pm
|After introducing fruits, you can try these. Continue to feed fruits for breakfast.|
first 1 week – rice cereal
2nd week apple rice or rice cereal with boiled carrot
3rd week ragi porridge Or apple ragi or oats porridge Or apple oats Or clear moong dal soup
4th week – Repeat the foods mentioned above. You can also introduce soupy khichdi. You will have to make it following the same method I mentioned for rice cereal above.
|Breast feed or formula (only after 1.5 to 2 hours of lunch)|
Baby food recipes for 6 months old along with ingredients and instructions to prepare
These are the quantities i followed for my kids i got from the Health Promotion Board,Singapore. Use any one
Quantity of fruits for 6 months to 9 months
½ small apple
½ small pear
½ cup sapota
½ cup papaya
½ medium banana
How many times can the same fruit be given in a week?
Including a variety of fruits will provide different kinds of nutrients to the baby.
Banana – 3 to 4 times
Apple – daily
Pear- 3 to 4 times
Papaya – 4 to 5 times
Avocado- 3 to 4 times or daily
Do read the complete post before you attempt any of these recipes
More tips on preparing Lunch
from 3 rd week – Rice, ragi or oats. Clear dal soup with veggie.
first 7 days (from 3rd week) -Single grain with milk (formula or breast milk). You can also use gluten free or baby oats or ragi to make porridge.
next 7 days – Rice with a single veggie or apple. You can use steamed or boiled carrots.
VEGETABLES to prefer
LENTIL/ DAL to prefer
1. moong dal
2. toor dal
I’m Swasthi Shreekanth, the recipe developer, food photographer & food writer behind Swasthi’s Recipes. My aim is to help you cook great Indian food with my time-tested recipes. After 2 decades of experience in practical Indian cooking I started this blog to help people cook better & more often at home. Whether you are a novice or an experienced cook I am sure Swasthi’s Recipes will assist you to enhance your cooking skills.
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15 Delicious Indian Food Recipes for 1 Year Old Baby
Food is an experience, and you may have observed your baby’s curiosity about different flavours and textures of foods, once he reaches 12 months of age. Babies this age like to taste food beyond simple purees. The worry is how to modify complex Indian recipes to suit their digestive system, so, it is essential that Indian foods are introduced in a simplified manner.
Also Read: 1 Year Baby Developmental Milestones
Indian Food Recipes for a 12-Month-Old Baby
Here are our hand-picked recipes, modified to suit the tummies of one-year-olds. Some of the best breakfast recipes for a one year-old Indian baby and, interesting South Indian baby food recipes for a one-year-old have been simplified to introduce babies to Indian dishes that they will enjoy.
- Milk can be dairy, breast milk, or formula. Be cautious of heating breast milk.
- Create the Ingredients at home, if possible. Avoid buying canned products.
- Do not use honey as a sweetener if your baby is not yet 12 months old.
A favourite of many children, when made the right way, the liquid soft consistency is to consume.
A) Ragi Porridge
It is high in fibre and helps in bone density and muscle building.
- Ragi seeds: 3-4 tbsp.
- Milk + Jaggery or Curd + salt
How to Cook:
- Wash sun dried ragi grains and soak them overnight.
- Grind these with added water to make a gooey white paste.
- Boil this with enough water.
- Once it thickens switch off the flame, add some milk and jaggery for a sweet flavour.
- Alternatively, once it cools, add curd and salt.
Also Read: Engaging Activities for 1 Year Old
B) Rava Porridge
This is a good break from other types of porridge. It is sweet flavoured and easily digestible.
- Rava: 2 tbsp.
- Water: ½ cup
- Ghee: 1 or 2 tsp.
- Jaggery: to taste
How to Cook:
- Roast rava in ghee on a low flame; do not brown. Switch off when it is fragrant. Set aside.
- Boil water and add the roasted rava slowly. Switch off as the mixture thickens and most of the water is absorbed.
- After ten minutes, add jaggery and milk to the completely thickened upma. Add until it is porridge consistency.
Rice consumes the flavour of any ingredient easily and is easily digestible.
A) Sticky Banana Rice
One of the easiest dishes to swallow, you will be amazed at the speed at which it is consumed by your little one.
- Rice: 1 cup
- Coconut milk (diluted): two cups
- Jaggery: 1 tbsp.
- Banana: 2 elachi or small bananas.
- Thick coconut milk: 2 tbsp.
How to Cook:
- Soak rice overnight in diluted coconut milk.
- Pressure cook it with extra water.
- Heat the thick coconut milk with jaggery and add the rice.
- Squash bananas in a serving bowl and add the sweetened rice.
B) Kara Pongal
This is a good dish to introduce to your child’s diet.
- Rice: 1 cup
- Moong dal: ½ cup
- Jeera: 1 tsp.
- Ghee: 1 tsp.
- Curry leaves: a few
- Ginger: a large pinch
- Pepper: for taste (optional)
- Water- 5 cups
- Salt: to taste
How to Cook:
- Wash and soak the rice and moong dal for half an hour.
- Heat ghee in a cooker and add jeera.
- Add and Sauté ginger and curry leaves for a minute.
- Add the rice-dal mixture and top it up with water.
- Add pepper and salt.
- Remove the curry leaves and mash the food before serving..
A flavoursome dish that can be consumed during sickness or even in between meals.
A) Tomato And Carrot Soup
A tangy dish full of vitamins
- Carrot: 1
- Tomato: 1
- Onion: 2 tbsp. (finely chopped)
- Garlic: 1 small clove (finely chopped)
- Butter: 1 tsp.
- Cumin seeds: ¼ tsp.
- Pepper powder: a pinch
- Water: 1.5 cups
How to Cook:
- Clean the vegetables thoroughly and dice them into small cubes.
- Heat butter in a pressure cooker and add cumin seeds
- Sauté onions and garlic until translucent
- Add carrot and tomato with enough water. Also, add salt and pepper.
- Bring it to a boil
- Pressure cook for three whistles on a medium flame
- Grind and strain
- If you do not wish to strain, remember to blanch the tomatoes and peel off the skin.
- Serve it lukewarm.
B) Chicken Soup
Especially yummy when kids are down with a cold.
- Chicken: one breast piece shredded.
- Onion: 1 small (finely chopped)
- Vegetables (carrot, potato): 2 tbsp. (chopped)
- Chicken stock/ water: 1 cup.
- Butter: 2 tsp.
How to Cook:
- Add butter in a pressure cooker and sauté the onions till translucent.
- Add the chicken, along with veggies and water
- Pressure cook for two whistles
- Blend the cooled mixture and serve it luke warm.
These contain a burst of flavour; best served with Indian Bread or Rice.
A) Fish Curry
One of the better ways to introduce children to fish and spices.
- Coconut oil: 1 tbsp.
- Large onion: 1 finely chopped
- Garlic clove: 1 finely chopped
- Ginger: 1 tsp. chopped finely
- Tomatoes: 2 chopped finely
- White meaty fish (avoid fish with tiny bones) with skin removed: 125 gm
- Curd: 30 ml
- Garam masala: 1 tsp.
- Chilli powder or pepper powder to taste (Be cautious of chilli powder. Do not make it too spicy)
- Water: 200ml
How to Cook:
- Sauté onions, garlic and ginger in a frying pan until translucent.
- Mix the pepper or chilli powder.
- Add water and tomatoes and bring to a boil.
- Let it simmer for a few minutes
- Add the fish, then cover and cook for 2 minutes. Add the yoghurt and coriander, and cook for another couple of minutes.
- Cook the rice and serve alongside your fish curry.
- Add garam masala to taste.
- Serve with optional tomato, onion and coriander salad.
B) Dal Curry
Dal is a good combination of carbs and proteins.
- Moong dal: ½ cup
- Toor dal ½ cup
- Turmeric: 1 tsp.
- Ghee: 2 tsp.
- Jeera: 1 tsp.
- Water: 3 cups
- Salt as per taste
How to Cook:
- Wash the dal and add the turmeric and salt.
- Pressure cook with 3 cups of water.
- Temper jeera in ghee and add it to the dal
5. Egg Dishes
An egg is a good introduction to complex food.
A) Egg Bhurji
This is a good snack and can be served with rice.
- Eggs: 1
- Pepper powder: a pinch
- Milk: 3 tbsp. boiled
- Cheese (grated): 1 tsp
- Butter: ½ tsp.
How to Cook:
- Beat the egg with milk.
- Melt some butter and add the beaten egg. Stir the eggs continuously until scrambled.
- Mix cheese, pepper, and salt.
- Stir it evenly before switching off the flame.
B) Bread Omelette
The softness of the egg will reduce the dryness of the bread.
- Eggs: 1 (beaten)
- Pepper powder: a pinch (optional)
- Bread: 2 slices
- Butter: 1 tsp.
- Salt as per taste
How to Cook:
- Cut the ends of the bread.
- Beat an egg and add pepper and salt
- Heat butter in a pan.
- Dip the bread into the eggs, coat it evenly on both sides, and transfer it to the pan.
- Cook on both sides until golden brown.
- Repeat with the other bread.
6. Instant Dosa
Dosa’s are the staple food of South Indian breakfast.
A) Rava Dosa
A version of dosa that needs no fermenting. You can add veggies as the baby gets used to it.
- Sooji/ Rava: ½ cup
- Curd: ½ cup
- Rice flour: ½ cup
- Water: 3-4 cups
- Jeera: 1 tsp.
How to Cook:
- Mix rava, rice flour, salt, and jeera.
- Add curd carefully, as well as water in small amounts. Do not make it lumpy.
- The consistency should be like thick buttermilk. Not thick, but not too thin.
- Heat the pan well and spread the dosa batter outward to inward in a circle.
- The dosa will have holes. Circle a teaspoon of ghee before closing the lid.
- Remove when crisp.
B) Wheat Dosa
A better, softer way to introduce wheat to your little one’s diet.
- Wheat flour: 2 cups
- Rice flour: ¼ cup
- Onion: 1 chopped finely
- Ginger: 1 tbsp. chopped finely
- Jeera: ½ tsp.
- Water: 4 cups
How to Cook:
- Mix wheat flour, rice flour, cumin seeds, chopped onions, ginger, and salt.
- Add some water and mix well. The batter is similar to the rava dosa.
- Heat a non-stick pan and pour the batter outward to inward in a circle.
- Cook until brown, before flipping.
Rich in sugar, desserts give energy and uplifts mood.
A) Sweet Pongal
A South Indian must at every festival.
- Rice: ½ cup
- Moong dal: 1 to 1.5 tbsp.
- Jaggery: ½ cup
- Salt: a pinch
- Water: 2.5 cups
- Cardamom Powder: ¼ tsp
- Ghee – 4 tsp
How to Cook:
- Melt the jaggery with ½ cup water and dissolve completely. Strain the liquid and set aside
- Heat ghee and roast the moong dal for three minutes in a cooker. Mix washed rice and add water.
- Pressure cook for four whistles.
- Once the pressure wears off, add the jaggery water to the mixture, along with ghee, salt and cardamom powder. Add half a cup milk as the mixture thickens.
- Cook it for few minutes, stirring regularly.
B) Naryal Or Elaneer Payasam
A unique sweet that’s best for the summers.
- Tender Coconut Water: 1 cup
- Tender Coconut Pulp: 1 cup
- Milk: 2 cups
- Jaggery: 1/4 cup
- Cardamom Powder: 1/2 tsp
How to Cook:
- Beat the tender coconut pulp, add the tender water, and refrigerate.
- Boil milk and jaggery until thick, and add the cardamom powder
- Pour the milk into the tender coconut pulp and let it cool.
C) Arrowroot Pudding
A sweet way to keep constipation at bay!
- Arrowroot powder: ½ cup
- Jaggery: 2 medium size
- Cardamom powder: ¼ tsp
How to Cook:
- Soak the arrowroot powder for ten minutes in water and drain the water, along with the dirt particles.
- Add some water to make a thin paste.
- Grind coconut milk, cardamom powder, and jaggery
- Boil it in a pan. Add the arrowroot paste in small amounts, while continuously stirring.
- Keep stirring, until the paste thickens to a custard consistency.
- Brush ghee or butter in a deep plate and pour the mixture.
- Let it cool.
You can always add or subtract ingredients according to your baby’s taste, as these foods can be easily modified. Above all, do not cook with stress. Cook with love, joy and positivity. Babies sense it in the food, as much as they sense it in your arms.
Tips on Feeding Your One-Year-Old
1. Don’t Force-Feed Your Child
Kids at this age are just beginning to develop their sense of flavour and figuring out what they like or dislike. Encourage toddlers to eat, but don’t force-feed them anything they don’t like, no matter how nutritious. Try and look for alternatives or mask the ingredient in other foods.
2. Food Should Be Easy to Eat
Your one-year-old still carries the risk of choking on big chunks of food, so keep the food soft, in small pieces, and easily chewable.
3. Cool Down the Food Before Serving
Your child may begin to eat without considering how hot the food is, so test the temperature on yourself before feeding.
4. Avoid Adding Excess Salt, Fat, Spices, and Sugar
These ingredients may cause health issues in the long run, so only use how much is needed in the dish. Additionally, your child cannot handle as much spice as you can, so bear in mind his tastes when cooking.
5. Supervise Your Child During Mealtimes
Children at this age may insist on eating food by themselves, but don’t simply hand them the spoon and go about your chores. Make sure to stick around your child when he is eating to administer immediate help in case of choking, etc.
1 Year Baby Meal Plan
1 Year Old Baby Food Ideas
cocoa drink is a homogeneous mixture - 15 recommendations on Babyblog.ru
Your child is at the beginning of a very important period in his life. The age from one to three years is transitional - from feeding an infant to eating an adult from a common table. This transition becomes possible due to the fact that the baby:
- The organs of the gastrointestinal tract mature, the processes of digestion improve. The activity of pancreatic enzymes increases, the formation of bile increases. And so it becomes possible to gradually expand the range of products in the baby's diet. At the same time, the increased sensitivity of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract to the action of irritants remains, which requires at this age the provision of sparing nutrition for children.
- The volume of the baby's stomach increases from 250 ml at the age of one year to 300-400 ml in the third year of life. Accordingly, it becomes possible to gradually increase the amount of food offered to the child.
- The baby has new teeth, the chewing apparatus is formed, the act of chewing is improved, and this allows you to switch from eating pureed food to eating food in an unground form.
- In accordance with the age, the baby's daily regimen and nutrition change, and he is increasingly approaching the regimen of an adult.
And it is very important to correctly carry out the transition from feeding an infant to feeding an adult from a common table. If the child is transferred to an adult table incorrectly, the range of products in the child’s diet is expanded too quickly, cooking with a consistency that does not correspond to the capabilities of the child’s chewing apparatus, the introduction of products that do not correspond to the capabilities of the child’s gastrointestinal tract, digestive disorders are possible, which can lead to a decrease in appetite , refusal of the child to eat, whims in food, selectivity in food, impaired weight gain. Given the importance of this period for the health of the child, I considered it possible not only to answer your questions, but to provide complete information about the proper nutrition of a child aged 1-3 years. I hope this information will be of interest to you.
To provide the necessary nutrients and energy, as well as vitamins and minerals, the nutrition of a child 1-3 years old should be complete and varied. The daily diet should include all major food groups: meat, fish, milk and dairy products, eggs, butter, vegetables and fruits, bread, various cereals, pasta, legumes, sugar and confectionery.
Proper expansion of the range of products in the nutrition of a child of the second and third year of life
Milk and dairy products
Milk and dairy products must be included in your child's diet, as these products contain in a balanced amount all the main nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, micro and macro elements) necessary for a growing body. The range of dairy products after a year can be significantly expanded. Children in the second year of life can receive milk as a drink, and you can also use it to make cereals, omelettes, casseroles, coffee drinks, cocoa.
Until the age of 3, it is recommended to consume only milk and fermented milk products specially designed for children of this age and produced by industry or in dairy kitchens. Children's milk, cottage cheese, children's kefir and children's yogurt differ from other dairy and sour-milk products in that their production is subject to increased hygienic safety requirements. Children's kefir has a lower acidity compared to regular kefir and is therefore better tolerated by children. In addition, children's dairy products are often enriched with nutrients, the lack of which is observed in children of this particular age.
Milk and fermented milk drinks (kefir, yogurt) should be present in your baby's diet daily in the amount of 400-600 ml. This volume also includes milk, which is used to make cereals, casseroles, omelettes, milk soups, coffee drinks, cocoa.
“Now I give kefir at night, but he drinks very badly.” Perhaps the child does not like the sour taste of kefir. Try replacing kefir with baby yogurt, preferably classic without fruit additives.
“And is it possible to give kefir (180 ml) and cottage cheese (80 g) for an afternoon snack, isn’t it a lot of dairy products at one time?”
Cottage cheese for a child is a source of complete protein, calcium. At the end of the first year of life, the baby receives 50 g of cottage cheese daily. After a year, the daily norm of cottage cheese remains 50 g, since other fermented milk products are introduced into the child's diet:
1. Mild varieties of cheese (Russian, Dutch, Poshekhonsky) - 5 g daily. Cheese can be offered to a child in its natural form (children before the appearance of 16 teeth, cheese must be grated on a fine grater, and children with 16 teeth - a piece on a sandwich), as well as seasonings for pasta, vermicelli.
2. Sour cream (10 g) for dressing soups, for pancakes, casseroles, pancakes.
3. Cream (10-15 ml) is added to cereals and vegetable purees instead of butter.
Cottage cheese in the second year of life can be offered to your child both in its natural form, and you can cook casseroles, cheesecakes, lazy dumplings from it. Cottage cheese, sour cream, cream, cheese is more rational to use not every day, but 3-4 times a week, but, accordingly, in larger quantities. So, for example, you can cook cottage cheese casserole or cheesecakes from 100 g of cottage cheese and add 20 g of sour cream. But the next day, these products in the diet of the baby will be absent. If you give cottage cheese every day, then you need to limit yourself to 50 g of cottage cheese + kefir.
“but I want to “move away” from the mixture” Special milk drinks are intended for children over one year old. An example is the Nutrilak Premium 3 milk drink, the composition of which is designed to meet the special needs of a child over one year old. "Nutrilak Premium 3" is produced on the basis of high quality cow's milk. The composition of the drink includes a wide range of vitamins and minerals in doses that meet the needs of a child older than a year. The optimal ratio of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D ensures effective absorption of calcium, contributes to the full formation of bone tissue and teeth. The antioxidant complex (vitamins A, E, C, selenium, beta-carotene, zinc, copper, manganese) protects against adverse environmental influences, improves immunity. The complex of iron, vitamin B-12, vitamin C, folic acid helps prevent anemia in a child, maintains a normal level of hemoglobin in the blood. The presence of iodine prevents the deficiency of this microelement and contributes not only to the proper development of the thyroid gland function, but also to the normal mental and intellectual development of the child. In addition, the drink contains omega-3 fatty acids, which have a positive effect on the development of the brain and the formation of the organ of vision. And prebiotics contribute to the growth of beneficial bacteria in the intestines, preventing dysbacteriosis and constipation.
Drink "Nutrilak Premium 3" is easily diluted by adding warm water. When consumed in an amount of 200 ml per day, it satisfies 20-30% of the daily requirement for proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals. The use of the drink is especially indicated for children with reduced appetite, insufficient weight gain, monotonous nutrition. In this case, in a small amount, the child will receive in a balanced amount all the nutrients necessary for proper development.
Meat is of great importance for your child's health as a source of complete proteins, B vitamins, easily digestible iron.
In the second year of life, the range of meat products in your baby's diet needs to be expanded. Children of this age can receive not only beef, veal, chicken meat, rabbit, but also limited amounts of lean pork, young lamb, turkey meat, and various offal (tongue, liver, heart). Meat products are difficult to chew, so until your baby has 20 teeth, meat products need to be prepared for him in the form of meat puree, soufflé, meat puree casseroles, cutlets, meatballs, meatballs, meatballs.
It is very useful to include dishes from the liver in the child's diet. The liver is rich in iron in an easily digestible form, as well as mineral salts and vitamins. For babies under two years old, it is better to offer the liver in the form of a pate, for older ones - to stew.
After 2.5-3 years, you can include in the child's diet instead of meat sausages - boiled sausages such as doctor's, dietary, milk sausages, sausages. Sausages are inferior in nutritional value to meat products, so try to include them in your child's diet no more than 1-2 times a week.
The total amount of meat products that the baby should receive per day is 80-100g.
Until 3 years of age, fatty meat, canned meat (except for special canned food intended for children of this age), goose and duck meat, pork meat products (ham, loin, brisket, ham) should not be included in the diet of children. Canned meat contains a large amount of spices, salt, fat and other components that irritate the mucous membrane of the baby's gastrointestinal tract. In addition, during the preparation and storage of canned meat, useful nutrients are lost, and the nutritional value of the product is reduced. Goose and duck meat contains indigestible fats, and pork meat products contain a large amount of fat.
Your baby's valuable food is fish, which contains a complete, easily digestible protein. Fish fat includes fatty acids that are very important for the proper development of a growing organism.
Low-fat fish is suitable for feeding children of this age: crucian carp, icefish, grenadier, pollock, navaga, perch, haddock, blue whiting, pike perch, cod, tuna, hake, pink salmon. Fish must be included in the child's menu 2-3 times a week, 70-100 g per serving in boiled, stewed, baked, in the form of aspic. You should not give your child fried fish, as when fried, substances are formed that irritate the delicate mucous membrane of the child's gastrointestinal tract.
Soaked salted herring is good for children. Herring can be offered to babies until the appearance of 16 teeth in the form of a paste. Children with 16 teeth - a piece.
After 2.5-3 years, you can include in the diet delicious fatty fish (salmon, salmon, pink salmon, chum salmon, sturgeon), red and black caviar. Since these products contain a large amount of fat and salt, it is recommended to introduce them into the diet of children no more than 1-2 times a month and in small quantities.
You should not use canned fish (except for canned food specially intended for children of this age), smoked fish species in the diet of a child under 3 years of age, since these products contain a large amount of salt and substances that irritate the child's gastrointestinal tract. Seafood (lobster, crabs, lobsters, mussels, shrimp) is not recommended for inclusion in the menu of children under 3 years of age due to their high ability to cause allergic reactions.
Your baby's essential food is an egg. After a year, you can include in the child's diet not only the yolk of an egg, but also a whole egg, provided it is well tolerated. The baby can be given every other day for an egg, hard-boiled or cooked in the form of an omelette, an omelet with vegetables. You should refrain from including raw eggs in the diet of children, as well as soft-boiled eggs, as they contain ovidin, a substance that adversely affects the metabolism of vitamins. In addition, raw eggs may contain pathogens such as salmonellosis.
Eggs of waterfowl (geese and ducks) should not be used in the diet of young children due to the high possibility of infection with intestinal pathogens.
Cereals, pasta, legumes
Cereals are an important source of vegetable proteins, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, minerals and B vitamins. All grains can be used in your baby's diet - buckwheat, oatmeal, corn, rice, semolina, pearl barley, wheat , millet. Before the appearance of 16 teeth, it is better to offer the baby special industrial-made cereals intended for children older than a year. These cereals differ from cereals intended for children under one year old in that they contain unground flakes in their composition, which is more in line with the capabilities of the digestive system of children over one year old. In addition, these cereals often contain pieces of vegetables and fruits, which teaches children to chew. Children's cereals of industrial production are enriched with a complex of vitamins and minerals, the lack of which is felt in children of this age. After the appearance of 16 teeth, porridge can be cooked from cereals. Cereals such as millet, barley, corn have coarse fiber, so it is better to introduce cereals from these cereals into your child's diet after 1.5 years.
The most useful for a child are buckwheat and oatmeal containing protein with the highest nutritional value, the largest amount of vitamins B-1, B-2, magnesium, iron, dietary fiber. The nutritional value of semolina is the lowest, so semolina is recommended to be included in the child's diet occasionally. To increase the nutritional value of semolina, you can add fruit or vegetable puree to it.
After 1.5 years, small amounts of peas, beans, lentils can be included in the child's diet, paying attention to the child's tolerance, since legumes contain coarse fiber and reactions in the form of bloating, stool disorders are possible.
Do not abuse pasta. The nutritional value of pasta is low and the carbohydrate content is high. Pasta and pasta dishes (noodle soup, boiled pasta with grated cheese, cottage cheese, vegetables, meat, pasta casserole and others) should preferably be included in your baby's diet no more than once or twice a week instead of cereal dishes.
Vegetables and fruits
The presence in your baby's diet of a variety of vegetables, fruits, berries, herbs will provide his body with carbohydrates, dietary fiber, starch, organic acids, pectin, vitamins and minerals. Carbohydrates are a source of energy. Dietary fibers have a beneficial effect on the digestive processes - they help to cleanse the intestines of toxic substances, the growth of beneficial microflora in the intestines and the regularity of the stool. Vegetables and fruits are rich in organic acids, which stimulate the activity of the digestive glands. Therefore, vegetable salads are recommended to be given to the child before the main meal to stimulate appetite.
After a year, your baby's diet can include almost all vegetables - carrots, beets, zucchini, squash, cabbage, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower, kohlrabi cabbage, pumpkin, turnips, green peas, cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplants and other vegetables. Garden and wild greens are very useful for children - green onions, parsley, dill, celery, lettuce, spinach, sorrel, rhubarb, nettle, etc. Vegetables should be offered to the child boiled, stewed, baked and made into salads, stews, casseroles , vegetable cutlets, pancakes, mashed potatoes. When preparing vegetables for a young child, it is necessary to exclude frying. The optimal content of vegetables in the daily diet of a baby is 300-350g. Of this amount, potatoes should account for no more than 120-150g.
Radish and radish contain a large amount of fiber and essential oils, which can irritate the delicate mucous membrane of the child's gastrointestinal tract and cause abdominal pain, stool disturbance. Mushrooms are difficult to digest and can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, it is better to include radishes, radishes and mushrooms in the diet of children over 3 years old.
Many useful properties of fruits and berries, the range of which in your baby's diet can be gradually expanded by monitoring their tolerance. Apples, pears, cherries, plums, cherries, peaches, apricots, bananas, persimmons, oranges, tangerines, grapefruit, lemons, melon, watermelons, black and red currants, gooseberries, sea buckthorn, chokeberry can be used in the child's diet. You can also include wild berries in the child's diet - blueberries, blackberries, blueberries, cloudberries, lingonberries, cranberries. It is necessary to carefully introduce raspberries, strawberries and strawberries into the child's diet, since these berries most often cause allergic reactions. Grapes have a dense skin, contain a large amount of sugars and can enhance the fermentation processes in the intestines, so grapes are not recommended to be included in the diet of young children.
Fruits and berries should be offered to the baby at the end of the main meal for breakfast, afternoon tea, dinner, as a dessert, treat. It can also be added to porridge, mixed with fermented milk products. The recommended dose of fruits is about 150-250g per day. Before the appearance of 16 teeth, it is necessary to offer children fruits and berries in the form of puree. In the absence of fresh vegetables and fruits, frozen ones can be used, which retain their nutritional value.
Bread and bakery products
Wheat and rye bread must be included in the diet of a child older than one year. Wheat bread is easier to digest and absorb. Rye bread contains more protein, B vitamins, dietary fiber, which have a beneficial effect on digestion. The approximate amount of wheat bread in the diet of a baby from 1 to 1.5 years old is 50 g, rye bread - 10 g. After 1.5 years, you can increase the content of rye bread in the child's diet up to 30 g, wheat bread - up to 60 g.
Bakery products: buns, cheesecakes, shangi, dryers, crackers, bagels, gingerbread - it is most rational to give a child for an afternoon snack and not abuse them.
Fatty foods are of great importance in your child's nutrition, being both a source of energy and structural components for building organs and tissues. Animal fats contain fat-soluble vitamin A, carotene. Vegetable oils (sunflower, soybean, corn, olive) are a source of vitamin E and healthy fatty acids. During heat and cooking, oils lose many valuable nutritional qualities, so it is better to include them in the baby’s diet, mainly in their natural form - spread butter on bread, add to cereals. Season salads with vegetable oils, add to vegetable dishes. The optimal content in the daily diet of the baby is 15-20g of butter and 5-6g of vegetable oils.
It is not recommended to use goose, duck, mutton fats in the nutrition of young children because of their low nutritional value and difficult digestion. Mayonnaise is a high-calorie product containing vinegar and spices. Therefore, it is necessary to exclude mayonnaise from the diet of young children. Margarine should also not be included in the baby's diet.
Sugar and confectionery
Sugar is a high-calorie food that contains only the carbohydrate sucrose and provides energy to the child. Sugar lacks other nutrients necessary for the proper development of the child: proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals. Therefore, it is necessary to control the sugar content in your baby's diet, as consuming it in excess amounts can lead to obesity. The norm of sugar intake for young children is 30-40g per day.
Of the confectionery products, the most useful in the nutrition of a child are marmalade, marshmallow, marshmallow, jam, marmalade, jam. These products should be offered to the baby at the end of feeding and in small quantities. The consumption rate of confectionery is 20-30g per day. Useful for children is honey, which contains some vitamins, microelements, organic acids and has an antimicrobial effect. It is better not to include chocolate and chocolate sweets in your baby's diet up to 3 years, since chocolate increases the excitability of the nervous system, often causing allergic reactions.
From flour confectionery products for children until they have 16 teeth, special children's cookies are intended. A feature of children's biscuits is that when a child bites off a piece of biscuit, it is moistened with saliva, softens and turns into a porridge, as a result of which the possibility of choking on a piece is excluded. After the appearance of 16 teeth, you can offer the baby in moderation biscuits, crackers, fruit waffles, gingerbread, low-fat cookies. It is not recommended to use flour confectionery products containing a large amount of fats in the nutrition of young children: cakes, pastries, fatty biscuits.
Changes in the consistency of food depending on the appearance of teeth
Changes in the consistency of food in a child of the second and third years of life depend not only on age, but also on the appearance of new teeth. At the age of one year, a child usually has 8 incisor teeth. The child can bite off with these teeth, but cannot fully chew hard pieces. Therefore, before the appearance of 16 teeth, the child's food should be homogeneous, that is, homogeneous, puree, but you can bake it in the oven, in a double boiler or in a water bath and cook casseroles, puddings, pates. At the age of 15-18 months, the first molars appear first, and then the fangs and the number of teeth increases to 16. After the child has 16 teeth, he can be offered food in the form of soft pieces. For example, knead boiled vegetables with a fork or boil vegetables in the form of small pieces 1-2 cm in size. And only when the second molars appear and there are 20 teeth (and this happens at the age of about 2-3 years), the child will be able to fully chew any food and it can be transferred to an adult table.
Feeding is very important for the health of the child. At certain intervals, food leaves the stomach. At regular intervals, the digestive glands of the gastrointestinal tract produce enough enzymes to digest food. At certain intervals, a condition called appetite appears. In this case, before the next feeding, the child will be hungry, will not be capricious, and will eat healthy food with great pleasure.
After one year, four meals a day are usually established, but for some children a fifth meal is required. Usually it is a glass of milk or kefir at 6 am or 11 pm. Feeding hours should be constant, which also contributes to the appearance of appetite. In the intervals between feedings, you should not give your child fruits, cookies, sweets, ice cream.
It is important to properly distribute products throughout the day. It is necessary to ensure that children receive dishes from meat, fish, eggs in the morning for breakfast and lunch. Meat and fish dishes are rich in proteins, fats, extractives, so they can excite the child's nervous system and disturb sleep. In addition, these foods require more digestive juices, and at night during sleep, digestion processes slow down. It is important to combine dishes correctly: if for the first the child receives soup with vermicelli or cereals, then for the second it is necessary to give a side dish of vegetables.
“Is it possible for a child to eat porridge 2 times a day?” When compiling a menu for your child, you need to think about the variety of foods and dishes in his diet. Porridge should not be included in the child's diet more than once a day. But dishes from different vegetables can be offered 2-3 times a day.
For breakfast, a child can cook milk porridge, or a pasta dish, or an omelette with vegetables, or a cottage cheese dish - cottage cheese casserole, lazy dumplings, cheesecakes.
For lunch, a child can get soup from the common table, but it must be prepared without the use of spices, hot and spicy seasonings. Soups can be varied: cabbage soup, borscht, vegetable, vegetable-cereal, with vermicelli, noodles, vegetarian, dairy. Before the appearance of 16 teeth, the soup must be chopped in a blender. For children with 16 teeth, soup can be prepared from finely chopped vegetables.
For the second, the child should receive a meat, fish or poultry dish. For children who do not have 20 teeth, a meat dish is prepared in the form of mashed potatoes, soufflés, meat puree casseroles, cutlets, meatballs, meatballs, meatballs. For children with 20 teeth, a meat dish is prepared in the form of goulash, beef stroganoff, azu, schnitzel. Garnish can be vegetable, cereal, pasta.
For dinner, children can get porridge, or a vegetable, or a vegetable-cereal, or a curd dish.
I give recipes for cooking some dishes for children of the second year of life before they have 16 teeth
Spinach potato soup
Peel potatoes, cut into cubes, put in a pot of boiling water and boil. Carefully sort spinach and sorrel, separate leaves from coarse stems and petioles, rinse several times in cold water. When potatoes are ready, add spinach and sorrel and cook until tender. Rub the prepared vegetables through a sieve with large cells. Dilute the resulting puree to the desired density with hot water or meat broth, salt and bring to a boil. Put sour cream or pour cream into a bowl with soup. You can add half of the hard-boiled yolk.
Ingredients: potatoes - 100 g, spinach - 50 g, sorrel - 30 g, sour cream - 30 g. Put in a saucepan, add boiling water, oil and heat to a boil. After that, put raw rice and cook the soup for 30 minutes. Ready-made carrots and rice rub through a sieve with large cells, dilute to the desired density with hot milk, boil. Put butter into the soup.
Products: carrots - 100 g, rice - 25 g, butter - 10 g, milk - 100 ml.
Hercules puree soup
Sort Hercules, pour into boiling water, cook for 5-7 minutes, rub through a sieve, add boiled and pureed carrots and potatoes, bring to a boil. Add butter to the finished soup.
Products: Hercules - 6 g, butter - 2 g, carrots - 10 g, potatoes - 40 g. then rub through a sieve, add a peeled and grated apple, finely chopped greens, bring to a boil. Put butter into the soup.
Ingredients: white cabbage - 25 g, carrot - 3 g, parsley root - 3 g, apple - 10 g, butter - 1 g. small kocheski, lower into boiling water and cook over low heat for 15 minutes, then recline on a sieve. Pour semolina into the broth in a thin stream, cook for 15 minutes, then add the cauliflower, warmed milk, finely chopped greens and bring to a boil. Put butter into the soup.
Ingredients: cauliflower - 50 g, semolina - 4 g, milk - 30 ml, butter - 2 g. In a separate saucepan, simmer the carrots and parsley root cut into small pieces for 20 minutes, then add the chopped white cabbage, potatoes and cook until tender. Combine vegetables with beets, rub through a sieve, add finely chopped greens, bring to a boil. Put butter into the finished borscht.
Ingredients: beets - 20 g, white cabbage - 20 g, carrots - 10 g, parsley root - 6 g, potatoes - 20 g, butter - 2 g. Pass the bread through a meat grinder, add butter, mix well, form cutlets and steam them for 20-25 minutes.
Products: meat - 50 g, wheat bread - 10 g, milk - 10 ml, butter - 2 g. Soak the bread in a small amount of cold water, squeeze, mix with minced meat. Beat the egg white well and add to the minced meat. Cut the minced meat in the form of balls (meatballs), put on a greased frying pan, add a little cold broth or water, cover and put in the oven for 20-30 minutes.
Products: meat - 70 g, white bread - 10 g, egg white - 1/5 pcs., butter - 5 g.
Chicken cutlets oil, stir. Form cutlets from the resulting mass, bring to readiness in the oven.
Products: chicken - 150 g, wheat bread - 30 g, butter - 6 g, milk - 40 ml.
Turn the fish fillet through a meat grinder, add wheat bread soaked in milk and squeezed out, butter, mix, mix with egg white. Form cutlets from the resulting mass, bring to readiness in the oven.
Products: fish - 150 g, wheat bread - 30 g, butter - 6 g, milk - 40 ml, egg white - 1/2 pcs.
Meat and potato casserole
Mince boiled meat and onions by passing them through a meat grinder. Prepare mashed potatoes. Put half of the puree in an even layer on a frying pan greased and sprinkled with ground breadcrumbs. Spread the minced meat on the mashed potatoes and cover it with the rest of the mashed potatoes. Level the surface of the puree, brush with egg and bake in the oven. The finished dish can be poured with sour cream.
Products: boiled beef - 50 g, potatoes - 250 g, onion - 25 g, ground crackers - 5 g, butter - 10 g, egg - ¼ pc., sour cream - 5 g. cabbage
Prepare minced meat from boiled meat and onions by passing them through a meat grinder. Prepare cauliflower puree. Put half of the puree in an even layer on a frying pan greased and sprinkled with ground breadcrumbs. Spread the minced meat on the mashed potatoes and cover it with the rest of the mashed potatoes. Level the surface of the puree, brush with egg and bake in the oven. The finished dish can be poured with sour cream.
Products: boiled beef - 50 g, cauliflower - 250 g, onion - 25 g, ground crackers - 5 g, butter - 10 g, egg - ¼ pc. , sour cream - 5 g.
Raw eggs pour out of the shell into a bowl, beat, add cold milk, salt and beat with a fork so that a homogeneous mass is obtained. Pour the egg mixture into the hot oil pan and immediately place in the hot oven for 10 minutes.
Products: egg - 1 pc., milk - 15 ml, butter - 5 g.
Omelette with vegetables
Peel potatoes, carrots, pumpkin, cut into cubes, simmer in a small amount of salted water until tender. Drain the water. Prepare puree from vegetables. Beat the egg, mix with cold milk, mix with vegetables. Pour the resulting mass into a frying pan, place in an oven and bake for 10 minutes. When serving, sprinkle with finely chopped herbs, pour over with oil.
Products: egg - 1 pc., milk - 15 ml, butter - 5 g, potatoes, carrots, pumpkin - 15 g each.
Stew the liver with some oil and a small amount of water over low heat, pass through a meat grinder. Mix with ground breadcrumbs soaked in milk, salt, add finely chopped parsley and dill and the remaining milk. Add whipped egg whites, mix gently. Grease the mold with oil, put the minced meat into it, cover with oiled foil and bake for about 20 minutes in an oven with moderate temperature.
Products: liver - 50 g, ground crackers - 2 teaspoons, butter - 10 g, egg - ½ piece, milk - 50 ml.
Zucchini (pumpkin, carrot) soufflé
Zucchini (pumpkin, carrot) peeled, cut into small pieces, stewed in milk until cooked, mashed, beat with a whisk, add semolina and cook for another 5-7 minutes, cool, add yolk , butter, whipped egg white. Mix everything carefully, put in a greased form and cook in a water bath for 20-30 minutes.
Products: zucchini (pumpkin, carrot) - 110 g, milk - 15 ml, semolina - 3 g, yolk - ¼ pcs., butter - 2 g.
Curd soufflé with carrots
Combine cottage cheese with carrot puree, add ground crackers, egg yolk, sugar, beaten protein. Mix everything carefully, put in a greased form and cook in a water bath for 20-30 minutes.
Ingredients: cottage cheese - 60 g, carrot puree - 40 g, wheat crackers - 10 g, egg - 1/3 pcs. , sugar - 10 g, butter - 1 g. pumpkin puree, add ground crackers, egg yolk, sugar, whipped protein. Mix everything thoroughly, put in a greased form and cook in a water bath for 20-30 minutes.
Ingredients: cottage cheese - 60 g, pumpkin puree - 40 g, wheat crackers - 10 g, egg - 1/3 pcs., sugar - 10 g, butter - 1 g. apples, peeled and grated on a fine grater, add ground crackers, sugar, egg, butter, mix thoroughly. Put in a greased form and bake in the oven.
Products: cottage cheese - 40 g, apples - 20 g, wheat crackers - 4 g, egg - 1/4 pc., sugar - 7 g, butter - 2 g.
Cook viscous semolina porridge. Carrots to clear, boil, prepare mashed potatoes. Grate the peeled apple on a fine grater. Grind the yolk with sugar. Combine carrots and apple with porridge, add yolk, mix everything. Add the whipped protein to the prepared mass, mix, transfer to a greased mold and bake in the oven.
Products: semolina porridge - 100 g, apples - 50 g, carrots - 100 g, egg - 1/2 pc. , sugar - 8 g, butter - 3 g.
Finely chop the peeled pumpkin, stew in milk until tender, make a puree. Add a finely grated apple. Then slowly add semolina, stirring constantly, and boil over low heat for 10 minutes. Cool the mass, add sugar, yolk, whipped protein. Pour into a greased baking dish and bake in the oven for 10-15 minutes. Drizzle with melted butter or sour cream before serving.
Products: semolina - 15 g, apples - 50 g, pumpkin - 100 g, egg - 1/2 pc., sugar - 8 g, butter - 5 g, milk - 50 ml.
Rice pudding with pumpkin
Cook sticky rice porridge with pumpkin. Cool, grind to a puree. Add beaten eggs with sugar, butter, mix thoroughly, put on greased butter and a frying pan sprinkled with breadcrumbs. Bake in the oven.
Products: rice - 40 g, milk - 60 ml, pumpkin - 90 g, sugar - 5 g, egg - 1/2 pc., butter - 5 g, wheat crackers - 5 g.
Carrot wash thoroughly, peel, boil until tender, cool, grate on a fine grater, add vegetable oil.
Products: carrots - 25 g, vegetable oil - 1 g.
Salad of carrots and apples
Thoroughly wash the carrots, peel, boil until tender, cool, grate on a fine grater. Wash apples thoroughly, peel, grate, mix with carrots, add vegetable oil.
Products: carrot - 10 g, apple - 15 g, vegetable oil - 1 g.
Wash the tomato in running water, rub through a sieve, add vegetable oil.
Products: tomatoes - 25 g, vegetable oil - 1 g.
Tomato and apple salad
Wash, cut, rub the tomato through a sieve. Mix with peeled and finely grated apple, mix.
Products: tomato - 10 g, apple - 15 g, vegetable oil - 1 g. If you cook porridge from cereals, then add cereals to boiling water, cook until half cooked. Then add hot milk and cook until fully cooked. Grind in a blender. Add butter. Cereal 10g, water 50 ml, milk 100 ml, oil 3 g.
If you use commercially produced baby cereals, dairy-free cereals should be diluted with baby milk.