The change up baby feeding
The Change-Up Review: Body Swapping, Plus Fake Boobs and F Bombs
Jason Bateman and Ryan Reynolds trade bodies, but this comedy does little to switch up a familiar movie formula
By Mary Pols Aug. 04, 2011
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Dave, played by Jason Bateman, struggles with his twins in The Change-Up
After 1976’s Freaky Friday, Hollywood began spitting out body-swap comedies so regularly that the routine of horrified characters feeling themselves up in their suddenly older, younger or differently gendered bodies has practically become an annual event. Everyone from Steve Martin to Lindsay Lohan has done it. While contributing nothing to the cause of creativity, these movies hit a happy nerve: dependably slapstick and guaranteed to reinforce the message that it wouldn’t hurt to be either more or less whimsical, that being yourself is a good thing.
The Change-Up, from Wedding Crashers director David Dobkin and written by The Hangover scribes Jon Lucas and Scott Moore, is raucous and entertaining but unexciting. It distinguishes itself from the others by not particularly distinguished means: a headlong rush to an R rating. The two disparate characters swapping places are old friends Dave (played by Jason Bateman) and Mitch (Ryan Reynolds). Mitch is an idiot who swears incessantly; every other word out of his mouth begins with f. (No one swears as gratuitously as Mitch unless he or she has a disorder.) The movie takes what is a fleeting pleasure — seeing the typically straitlaced Bateman use that word even around children — and makes it a lingering (and boring) theme.
(Rise of the Planet of the Apes: See why it’s chimpan-tastic!)
Mitch is a lot like Phil, Bradley Cooper’s Hangover character, but without the respectable job, wife and kids. Successful Dave has those. He’s a lawyer on the brink of a deal that could make him partner. He’s married to Jamie (Knocked Up‘s Leslie Mann) and is father to a young daughter (Sydney Rouviere) and adorable baby twins. Mitch has aspirations to be an actor with a swinging sex life, but he’s a quitter, while Dave is a workaholic who never learned to embrace quitting time.
There are some gross but comically effective reveals, and the movie’s fish-out-of-water scenes are horrible and funny at the same time. Reynolds has his moments — the lecture he delivers (as Dave) on the rules of marriage is his shining moment. But in part because Bateman is the stronger comedian, and in part because Mitch’s single life is surprisingly dull, the sequences at Dave’s house have more energy. Watching Bateman sling around a pair of insanely cute babies like bags of flour is frivolous good fun.
Frivolity is the point. No one is supposed to sweat the details of The Change-Up, like how or why Mitch and Dave swapped places (they expressed envy of each other’s lives while peeing in a fountain together). It’s the reactions that matter, like Mitch/Dave’s disgust when he wakes up to the sight of Jamie breastfeeding in bed. (Mann’s prosthetics may develop their own fan base.) Mitch and Dave expect that as soon as they can replicate the circumstances of the switch, everything will go back to normal. Where do they get that confidence? Safe to say from the movies. “This is freaky,” Mitch/Dave says in a tossed-off reference to the mother of the genre. Forget foul language and topless women: if a filmmaker really wanted to radicalize the body-swap movie, one swapper would end up in a mental ward while the other spent all his money and slept with his wife.
(Box-office report: See why Cowboys & Aliens got Smurfed.)
But within The Change-Up‘s predictable parameters, there’s a kernel of truth about the worn-out friendship at its center. If Mitch and Dave were women, they’d be called frenemies. They stick together out of habit, even though Mitch thinks Dave is a tool and Dave thinks Mitch is a jerk. Neither meant his pronouncement at the fountain. “I was just trying to be nice,” Dave says. Mitch suspects that his old friend is “embarrassed of” him. The movie would have been darker, nastier — and stronger — if they’d taken the opportunity to toy with each other’s lives a bit more.
Case in point: what are the chances Dave will use Mitch’s waxed, muscular body to finally to sleep with Sabrina (Olivia Wilde), the colleague he’s been lusting after? Bateman as Mitch is all for it, explaining that it wouldn’t be infidelity because Dave would be using Mitch’s body — “I’ve got your [penis] right here in my pants.” Still, I sat through The Change-Up wishing that the characters would take more advantage of their opportunities. Movies like this and the early-2011 release Hall Pass put the boobs right in front of the guys (and the audience) and then show them backing away. All this titillation followed by the triumph of dutiful family values wears on you. The Change-Up tries so hard to be scandalous that it’s a shame it doesn’t do more to change up the formula.
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I had to breastfeed someone else’s babies! – SheKnows
Leslie Mann, who plays wife to Jason Bateman (and at times Ryan Reynolds inside Jason Bateman — try to keep that straight) in the new R-rated body-switching movie, The Change-Up, sat down with SheKnows to talk about baring her chest, seeing Jason Bateman naked and kissing the sexiest man alive.
Related story Jamie Chung Talks Keeping Your Kids Safe This Holiday Season & the Super-Sweet Family Traditions She Adores
On switching bodies
SheKnows: After appearing in 17 Again, and now The Change-Up, do you feel at home in the body-switching comedies?
Leslie Mann: Yeah, I’m an old pro!
SheKnows: What’s it like playing a character who goes to bed one night with one husband and wakes up the next day with a totally different person?
Leslie Mann: I guess in real life that would be fun, huh? [Laughs. ] But, I don’t think my character liked it. But the boys did such a good job of switching and playing the other one, so that made it lot easier. But it did get confusing at times, because you don’t shoot in sequence. It was kind of hard to follow at times.
SheKnows: If you could switch bodies in real life, who would you switch with?
Leslie Mann: Ryan Gosling‘s girlfriend. Or, anyone who is really close with Ryan Gosling. [Laughs]
INTERVIEW: Ryan Reynolds and Jason Bateman talk awkward sex scenes, Olivia Wilde’s filthy mouth and powdering each other’s bums >>
ON WORKING WITH THE BABIES
SheKnows: How did you handle the scenes with the babies?
Leslie Mann: It’s hard to hold twins. And they are big, chubby, healthy babies, and they’re heavy. And so, the boys walk in and walk down the stairs and hand them off to Jason, who is now Ryan, and Jason was saying he had a good hold on them, but they were almost dangling off… Didn’t it look dangerous? And he seemed like he had control over the situation, but it didn’t look like it. And it made me really nervous.
SheKnows: What did you think when you saw the breastfeeding scene in the script?
Leslie Mann: I think it’s really funny. First of all, they brought in, like, eight different babies, trying to get them to go for it. [Laughs.] And they kept rejecting me, because they would, because I’m not their mother and they know. And, it felt bad. You know how they say, if you breastfeed your baby, some mothers get rejected by their baby and feel weird about it. It felt weird. And in front of everyone watching, it was weird. [Laughs]
SheKnows: Do you think it’s interesting that one character is disgusted by it and the other accepts it?
Leslie Mann: Well, one is like a man-child, and one is a man. I used to walk around the house, feeding my baby, answering the door, and I didn’t think anything of it, but certain people could have weird reactions to that. But I think you just get used to stuff like that. If you’re not used to seeing it, it is weird. [Laughs] I have no problem with it at all. It’s perfectly natural.
INTERVIEW: Olivia Wilde thinks the best dates end at dawn… >>
SECRETS TO A LASTING MARRIAGE
SheKnows: Part of the film focuses on a couple having problems with communication. In regards to your husband, Judd Apatow, what advice can you give on having a lasting marriage?
Leslie Mann: There are good days, and there are bad days. I don’t have any secrets, I don’t think… Do I? [Laughs.]
SheKnows: Not one nugget of advice after 16 years?
Leslie Mann: I guess I have been married for a while. We really like each other, and we are friends, and we think each other are funny. And we agree on how to raise our children, and what else do we do…? I don’t know. We fight a lot. [Laughs] Am I mad at him right now? I don’t know. [Laughs.]
ON SEEING JASON BATEMAN NAKED
SheKnows: What’s it like to see Jason Bateman naked?
Leslie Mann: The first time we shot that [scene], he had a robe on. And then a couple of weeks later, he watched what we shot and he decided it would be funnier if he didn’t have a robe on and he was completely naked.
SheKnows: How much did you see…?
Leslie Mann: I got to see everything. He didn’t seem to care. He seemed really comfortable. But, yeah, it was all right there.
SheKnows: Was it hard to keep a straight face?
Leslie Mann: Yeah, kind of. But he looks really good. Nice body.
ON RYAN REYNOLDS
SheKnows: What was it like working with Ryan Reynolds?
Leslie Mann: It was great, and that week I kissed Ryan, was the week that he was on the cover of People Magazine as the Sexiest Man Alive, so it was great. I loved it. My mom’s friends loved it.
SheKnows: Is he a good kisser?
Leslie Mann: He’s a great kisser, but he has a sharp beard. It was really hard. [Laughs.]
Breastfeeding after 1 month: what to expect
Do you know when breast milk production stabilizes? And how does the frequency and duration of feedings change as the baby grows? You will find answers to these questions in our recommendations for breastfeeding after the first month.
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Congratulations: You made it through the first month of breastfeeding. Your breast milk has reached full maturity 1 , its production stabilizes, and it leaks almost or not at all from the chest. Don't worry, it's not getting less milk, it's just that your breasts are better able to produce and store it now. 2 At the age of six weeks, your baby will begin to please you with his charming toothless smiles, and by two months you will already have 500-600 feedings behind you. With a favorable development of events, problems with latch on by this point will already be resolved, and you can simply enjoy the convenience and benefits of breastfeeding.
When does breastfeeding decrease?
"Normal" feeding frequency for babies aged one to six months varies considerably, with some needing four feedings a day, others asking to be breastfed 13 times a day. 3
“From the age of one month, the amount of milk a baby consumes per feed increases, so that he can go without food for longer,” explains Cathy Garbin, a recognized international expert on breastfeeding, “A baby’s stomach grows, so he eat more at one time. In addition, mature milk allows him to stay full longer.”
Feeding can last from 12 minutes to one hour -
the habits of babies vary so much! 3 But if the child is gaining weight and falls within this range, there is no cause for concern.
What is most surprising, no matter how often the baby eats, he consumes approximately the same amount of milk per day - both at one month and at six, when it is time to start complementary foods with solid food. 4
“However, sometimes the baby eats more and sometimes less, especially when he is unwell. It’s better to just listen to his needs,” Katie explains.
Is breast milk enough for the first six months?
Yes. Breast milk contains everything a baby needs for the first 90,023 six months of life—exclusively breastfed babies don't even need to drink more water! 5 Until about six months of age, a child's digestive system is simply not adapted to the digestion of solid food, and he will be able to drink cow's milk only after a year.
In addition, breastfeeding during this period prepares the child for further development. It strengthens the muscles of the mouth, develops the jaw and helps straighten the teeth 6.7 . All this will come in handy when the baby begins to eat and talk. And because what you eat and drink affects how your breast milk tastes, your baby discovers new tastes even before he starts eating solid foods. 8
In addition, when your baby is sick, your body produces breast milk that is
rich in antibodies that help fight infection. 9 In other words, milk continues to protect the baby for many months as he grows and becomes more active.
Breastfeeding is also very comfortable once you get used to it. Claudia, a mother of two from the UK, notes: “No need to sterilize a mountain of bottles, prepare formula, carry it all with you, warm it up - in general, breastfeeding turned out to be very convenient, especially when my babies grew up and we began to leave the house more often. ".
At what age does a breastfed baby start sleeping through the night?
Waking up at night is normal for babies. Most babies between the ages of one and six months consume one-fifth of their daily milk requirement at night, so nighttime feedings should not be neglected if you want your baby to get the required amount of calories. 3
"It really depends on what you mean by 'sleep through the night'," says Cathy. "And it's better than waking up every two hours anyway! I have met infants who, starting at six weeks old, fell asleep at 19:00 and woke up at 7:00, but most continue to wake up frequently at night after this age. All children are different."
In Wales, a study of more than 700 infants showed that almost 80% of children aged 6 to 12 months wake up at least once a night, and 25% of them wake up three times or more. And it did not depend on what type of feeding the child is on - breastfeeding or artificial. 10
And if nighttime awakenings are unavoidable anyway, breastfeeding is at least comfortable! Maina, a mother of two from Australia, agrees: “You can even take a nap while feeding in the middle of the night - both the body and the baby do their job on autopilot. No need to plan, measure, sterilize anything - ready-made food at the right temperature is right in your chest. I think it's ideal."
My child wakes up more often. Perhaps he is hungry?
Around four months of age, a baby's sleep patterns change as they develop deep and light sleep phases like an adult. Because of this, he may wake up more often at night. “At four months, sleep is more of a problem than feeding,” Cathy admits. “It can be exhausting, but try to adapt and be patient.”
Some call this " a four-month sleep regression ", but "progress" is more appropriate here. From the outside it may look like a step back, but in fact the child is approaching an important stage of development. He learns quickly, begins to become aware of the world around him, his perception is sharpened and, perhaps, there is anxiety about being separated from his mother. Crying when waking up and being able to eat milk cuddled up to mommy’s chest is a way for a baby to calm down. 11–13
Resist the urge to “supplement” your baby with formula or start solid foods early
in an attempt to improve his sleep. Breast milk contains
hormones that make you sleepy and help you both relax
. Research shows that breastfeeding mothers actually sleep longer at night than mothers of formula-fed or mixed-fed babies
How does teething affect breastfeeding?
Teething usually begins around four months of age. When a baby has gum pain, he becomes restless, throws his chest and cries. All this, of course, is unpleasant.
However, breastfeeding can be an excellent sedative.
Studies have shown that babies who are breastfed
during the vaccination period cry less and forget pain more quickly. 15 Breastfeeding during teething can have the same calming effect.
An unpleasant side effect may be the child's attempts to try out his new teeth on the mother's breast. “Sometimes children flirt and bite their mother’s nipples. This can be felt in advance by how the behavior of the child changes when feeding: before biting, he removes his tongue, explains Cathy, “Usually this is not a problem and only happens a couple of times. It is enough to stop feeding, affectionately say that biting is not good, and the baby will soon leave this fun.
How to continue feeding if you have to be separated from the baby?
It happens that during the first six months, when the baby is still fully breastfed, the mother needs to be away for several hours - or even longer if she has to go to work or go away on business for a couple of days.
But this does not mean that you should stop breastfeeding. You can still feed your baby healthy breast milk - just express it and have someone give it to your baby when you're away. Here's Katie's advice:
“Start expressing milk a couple of days in advance, in small batches, 40-60 ml at a time. So you will have the necessary supply for the time of your absence, but at the same time the amount of milk produced will remain the same.
If you have to return to work, check with your employer about your daily schedule. Many mothers breastfeed their babies in the morning, evening and night, and pump milk at lunchtime to relieve discomfort and create a reserve for the next day.
This usually turns out to be much easier than one might think, and today many companies are well placed to do this, notes Cathy. “Breast pumps make it easy to solve this problem.”
Natalie, mother from the USA, shares her experience: “I feed Dylan as soon as he wakes up, and sometimes again before leaving for work, in order to maintain milk production and not lose contact with the child. At work, I pump twice the next day (in my absence, he eats two bottles of breast milk), and after work I rush home for the evening feed. I don't pump on the weekends - we resume regular breastfeeding."
Can breastfeeding continue after the introduction of solid foods?
When your baby begins to show interest in food and can sit up on his own - usually around six months of age - it's time to start solid foods. However, it is not necessary to stop breastfeeding, Cathy explains: “A baby’s iron stores during pregnancy are depleted by six months, so he needs additional sources of this element.
Start complementary foods with solid foods, but remember that breast milk remains a more important source of calories and nutrients until the baby is eight to nine months old. By this time, he will be eating much more solid food, but he will still need to breastfeed four to five times a day. By 12 months, the frequency of feeding may be two to six times a day. All babies are different, and many of them at this age are still getting half their daily calorie intake from breast milk. ”
Don't forget that breast milk can be added to solid foods, such as cereals and purees, so that the baby can taste the familiar taste. If possible, use milk expressed just before feeding (not thawed) and add just before serving to keep bacteria and nutrients alive. 16
You may be pressured by others to stop breastfeeding when your baby is six months old, but the longer you breastfeed or pump milk, the better for you and your baby.
How long can I continue breastfeeding?
“The World Health Organization recommends breastfeeding along with solid foods until at least two years of age because it plays an important role in supporting immunity,” says Cathy. feels bad".
At eight months, the baby sometimes breastfeeds four times a day, but by one year old, the frequency of feedings can be reduced to two times a day. You yourself will understand which feeding regimen is more suitable for you and your baby. For example, Jane, a mother of two from the US, breastfed until the age of two: “I breastfed when I was at home - in the evenings and on weekends, when the children wanted to be close to me,” says Jane, “It helped a lot when they were sick . Breastfeeding has become my favorite form of comfort."
“When my son got a little older and bolder, he still often asked me to breastfeed him - as if to calm down and gain strength,” recalls Amy, a mother of two children from Canada, “When he happened to hit or skin his knee , breastfeeding was a wonderful way to comfort him.”
If your baby is over a year old and you are still breastfeeding, people around you will probably tell you that this way he will never wean. But if children are not pressured, they usually refuse to breastfeed themselves between the ages of two and four. 17
“I didn’t intend to breastfeed for so long, but as a result, I still breastfeed my four-year-old daughter and 22-month-old son,” says Suzanne, mother of two from the UK, “I breastfeed my youngest before and after work, and in I express milk on business trips. The eldest daughter likes to breastfeed a little before bed or when she is upset - this is a great way to make contact. When I get tired of it, I remind myself what great benefit and comfort it brings them. I now plan to pursue a baby-initiated end breastfeeding strategy — let them decide when to stop.”
For more information on what to expect and lots of tips and tricks, see our guide Breastfeeding Problems After the First Month.
1 Ballard O, Morrow AL. Human milk composition: nutrients and bioactive factors. Pediatr Clin North Am . 2013;60(1):49-74. - Ballard O., Morrow A.L., "Composition of breast milk: nutrients and biologically active factors." Pediatrician Clean North Am. 2013;60(1):49-74.
2 Kent JC et al. Principles for maintaining or increasing breast milk production. J 2012;41(1):114-21. - Kent J.S. et al., "Principles for Maintaining and Increasing Milk Production". J Obstet Ginecol and Neonatal Nurse. 2012;41(1):114-121.
3 Kent JC Volume and frequency of breastfeedings and fat content of breast milk throughout the day. Pediatrics. 2006;117(3): e 387-395. - Kent J.S. et al., "Amount and frequency of breastfeeding and fat content of breast milk during the day." Pediatrix (Pediatrics). 2006;117(3):e387-95.
4 Kent JC et al. Longitudinal changes in breastfeeding patterns from 1 to 6 months of lactation. Breast Med . 2013;8(4):401-407. - Kent J.S. et al., Longitudinal changes in breastfeeding patterns from 1 to 6 months of lactation. Brest Med. 2013;8(4):401-407.
5 Almroth S, Bidinger PD. No need for water supplementation for exclusively breast-fed infants under hot and arid conditions. Trans R Soc 1990;84(4):602-604. - Elmroth S., Bidinger P.D. , "No need for supplementation of exclusively breastfed infants in hot, dry conditions." Trans R Sots Trop Med Hyg. 1990;84(4):602-604.
6 Victora CG et al . Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. Lancet. 2016;387(10017):475-490. - Victor S.J. et al., "Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms and long-term effects". Lancet 2016;387(10017):475-490.
7 Peres KG et al. Effect of breastfeeding on malocclusions: a systematic review and meta - analysis. Acta Paediatr. 2015;104( S 467):54-61. - Perez K.G. et al., "The impact of breastfeeding on malocclusion: a systematic review and meta-analysis". Akta Pediatr. 2015;104(S467):54-61.
8 Mennella JA, Beauchamp GK. Maternal diet alters the sensory qualities of human milk and the nursling's behavior. Pediatrics. 1991;88(4):737-744. - Mennella, JA, Beauchamp, GK, "Maternal nutrition influences the organoleptic properties of breast milk and infant behavior." Pediatrix (Pediatrics). 1991;88(4):737-744.
9 Hassiotou F et al. Maternal and infant infections stimulate a rapid leukocyte response in breastmilk. Clin Transl immunology. 2013;2(4). - Hassiot F. et al., "Infectious diseases of the mother and child stimulate a rapid leukocyte reaction in breast milk." Clean Transl Immunology. 2013;2(4).
10 Brown A, Harries V. Infant sleep and night feeding patterns during later infancy: Association with breastfeeding frequency, daytime complementary food intake, and infant weight. Breast Med . 2015;10(5):246-252. - Brown A., Harris W., "Night feedings and infant sleep in the first year of life and their association with feeding frequency, daytime supplementation, and infant weight. " Brest Med (Breastfeeding Medicine). 2015;10(5):246-252.
11 Infant sleep information source. [Internet]. Normal Infant Sleep Development; December 2017 [cited 2018 Feb] - All about baby sleep. [Internet] "The development of normal sleep in a child", December 2017 [cited February 2018].
12 Baby sleep science. [Internet]. The-Four-Month-Sleep-Regression-What-is-it-and-What-can-be-Done-About-it. March 2014 [ cited 2018 Feb ] - The science of baby sleep. [Internet], "Four-month sleep regression: what it is and what to do about it." March 2014 [cited February 2018].
13 The Myth Of Baby Sleep Regressions – What’s Really Happening To Your Baby’s Sleep? [Internet]. Pinky Mckay ; December 2017 [ cited 2018 Feb ] - "The Myth of Baby Sleep Regression - What's Really Happening to Your Baby?" [Internet]. Pinky McKay, December 2017 [cited February 2018].
14 Kendall - Tackett K ET Al . The effect of feeding method on sleep duration, maternal well-being, and postpartum depression. Clinical Lactation . 2011;2(2):22-26. - Kendall-Tuckett K. et al., "Influence of feeding pattern on sleep duration, maternal well-being and the development of postpartum depression." Clinical Lactation. 2011;2(2):22-26.
15) Harrison D et al. Breastfeeding for procedural pain in infants beyond the neonatal period. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2014;10. — Harrison D. et al., "Breastfeeding for Relief of Medical Pain in the Neonatal Period." Cochrane Database of System Rev. 2014;10:CD11248
16 Czank C et al. Retention of the immunological proteins of pasteurized human milk in relation to pasteurizer design and practice. Pediatr Res . 2009;66(4):374. - Zhank S. et al., "Retention of immunological proteins in pasteurized milk depending on the technique and practice of pasteurization". Pediatrician Res. 2009;66(4):374.
17 Weaning from the breast. (2004). Paediatr Child Health, 9(4):249–253. - "Weaning from the breast" (2004). Pediatrician Child Health, 9(4):249–253.
Daily routine for a child under 1 year old
Daily routine is a system for distributing periods of sleep and wakefulness, meals, hygiene and health procedures, activities and independent human activities throughout the day.
Compliance with a rational day regimen corresponding to the age characteristics of the child contributes to his healthy growth and development. Getting used to performing various types of activities at the same time, the child is prepared for the upcoming type of activity at every moment of time, which ensures their easier and faster implementation. Compliance with the correct daily routine provides a good mood for the child and maintains a keen interest in the study of the world around him, contributing to his normal motor and psychoverbal development.
The child's daily routine includes the following obligatory elements: diet, time spent outdoors during the day, frequency and duration of sleep, mandatory classes to develop skills in accordance with age, free time.
In the first months after birth, a healthy newborn baby sleeps for most of the day, since all external stimuli are very strong for the nervous system of a child, accustomed to a cozy intrauterine environment, and cause its rapid exhaustion. As the child grows older, the duration of sleep gradually decreases and the time of wakefulness increases.
|Age||Daytime sleep mode||Night sleep||Wake mode|
|Birth to 2 months||6 x 2. 5 hours||6 hours||During feeding|
|2-4 months||5 times 2-2.5 hours||6.5 hours||4 x 1.5 hours|
|4-6 months||4-5 times for 2 hours||7 hours||4 times 2 hours|
|6-9 months||3-4 times for 1.5-2 hours||8 hours||4 x 2.5 hours|
|9-12 months||2 x 1.5-2 hours||9-10 hours||4 times 3-4 hours|
Closely related to the sleep-wake mode is the mode of feeding the baby. The sleep of a child in the first months of life is very sensitive and is easily disturbed under the influence of various extraneous stimuli, including hunger.
|Birth to 2 months||7-8 times, every 3 hours||6,9,12,15,18,21,24 (no night feeding)|
|2 to 6 months||6-7 times, every 3. 5 hours|| |
6, 9.30, 13, 16.30, 20, 23.30 (without night feeding)
6, 9.30, 13, 16.30, 20, 23.30, 03 (with night feeding)
|From 7-12 months||5 times, every 4 hours||6,10,14,18,22|
The child's stay in the fresh air is essential in the daily routine. The total duration of stay in the open air for children under 1 year of age should be at least 5-6 hours a day. Fresh air has a calming effect on the baby, improves metabolic processes, and increases the body's defenses. In the summer, all games and activities should be held outdoors; in the cold and transitional seasons, two one-time walks of 1.5-2 hours are provided.
Fresh air also has a beneficial effect on sleep. By acting on the skin and mucous membranes of the nose and upper respiratory tract, it provides a faster fall asleep of the child and a higher quality of sleep. Sleeping outside can replace a walk, especially during the cold season.