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How Much & How Often to Feed Your Baby

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Ensure that you know how much and how often to feed your baby, and how to tell whether or not baby is getting enough to eat, with this comprehensive guide from Enfamil A+.


Knowing how much to feed a baby can be tricky. There is a learning curve when it comes to breastfeeding and formula-feeding, and it’s completely normal to have some questions. This comprehensive roundup should provide you with the information you need to feel comfortable and confident knowing how much and how often to feed your baby.

Every baby is different, and feeding amounts can vary depending on the child. In addition, breastfeeding moms may face separate questions than moms who choose to formula-feed. This article is broken down into a few different sections to answer any and all of your questions about how much your baby should eat:

How Much to Feed a Baby: The Basics
How Do I Know If My Baby Is Hungry?
Breastfeeding: 0-12 Months
Formula-Feeding: 0-12 Months
Baby Feeding Chart: First Year
Tips for Transitioning to Solids

How Much to Feed a Baby: The Basics

Right from the start, your baby needs the right nutrition to support healthy development. The Canadian Pediatric Society, Health Canada, Breastfeeding Committee for Canada and Dietitians of Canada recommend exclusively breastfeeding for the first six months, as breastmilk will provide your baby with all of the nutrition that they need. After six months you can begin introducing solid foods. They further recommend that if you are breastfeeding, you give your baby a daily Vitamin D supplement of 400 IU. If breastfeeding is not an option, don’t worry: Infant formula like Enfamil A+ is designed to meet the nutritional requirements your baby needs.

Feeding Highlights for Year One

  • For the first six months, breastmilk and/or baby formula will provide your baby with the nutrition they need.
  • Initially, most babies do not need breastfeeding and formula feeding schedules. However, they will settle into more of a routine as they get older
  • Whether you are breastfeeding or formula-feeding, it is important to listen to your baby’s feeding cues and feed them according to their hunger.
  • Around six-months old is when you can begin to introduce solid foods to your baby’s diet (see: Tips for Transitioning to Solids) below.

How Often Should I Feed My Baby?

First things first: let’s talk about how to tell if your baby is hungry. The good news is that whether you’re breastfeeding or formula-feeding, your baby is the single best authority for when they need to be fed and when they are satisfied. Baby’s internal regulator for hunger and fullness is fine-tuned to their particular energy needs. That’s why rigidly counting the ounces of formula or the number of minutes per breastfeeding session isn’t the best way to know if your baby should eat more. Instead, pay attention to cues; behaviour will tell you when baby’s hungry or full. Research shows that when caregivers are responsive to feeding cues, babies will regulate their own energy intake.


Crying : A hunger cry is usually short, low-pitched and rises and falls. But crying is actually one of the later signs of hunger. You’ll notice other behavioural cues first (such as those below). By the time a hungry baby is wailing, he may be too stressed to start eating easily.

Waking up and acting restless: Before your baby launches into a full-throated hunger wail, he’ll wake up and move around in his crib. He may also move his mouth and raise his hands to his face.

Sucking on his fist or smacking his lips: If ybreastfed baby when you see these signs, rather than waiting, he’ll latch on more easily.

Rooting: During your baby’s first weeks, when you stroke his cheek, his natural reflex will be to turn toward the bottle or breast and make sucking motions with his mouth. After 4 months of age, rooting becomes a voluntary action rather than a reflex.

Opening his mouth while feeding: Translation: “More, please!” A hungry baby may continue to show interest in sucking even after finishing the first breast or bottle.

Smiling during feeding: Babies older than 4 months will show their interest in continuing to eat by looking at you and smiling as they feed.


Closing lips: Just as a hungry baby suckles readily, a full baby zips his lips, as if to say, “No more, thanks."()

Turning his head away: A more forceful version of closing his lips is to move his entire head away from the food source. If your baby turns away from your breast or a bottle, you shouldn’t force him to eat.

Decreasing or stopping sucking: Some full babies will stay latched on to the nipple but not suck any more—at which point, it’s time to gently end the session.

Spitting out the nipple or falling asleep when full: After about 15 to 20 minutes of feeding, a full baby will often act drowsy and may even fall asleep.

Showing increasing interest in surroundings rather than eating: At around 4 months old, many babies begin to get distracted during feedings, as their awareness of the world around them grows. A hungry baby will put this curiosity on hold long enough to feel sated. When he begins looking around more distractedly, it’s a sign he’s had plenty.


Breastfeeding: 0-12 Months

You will be breastfeeding “on demand”—whenever your baby is expressing that they’re hungry. As far as knowing how much you should be breastfeeding your baby goes, both the amount of weight they gain and the number of wet diapers (six or more per day) are good indicators of proper nutrition. Every baby is different, but this could be feeding as often as about every two to three hours, or between eight to twelve times per day. Typically, how often a baby will feed decreases over time as they consume more during each feeding. Baby will begin getting additional nutrition from other sources once solid foods are introduced, which may also cause some changes in breastfeeding habits.

Formula-feeding: 0-12 Months

On average, formula-fed babies eat every three to four hours during their first weeks, when their stomach is small. However, after a few weeks the amount consumed at each feeding will increase and the number of feedings will decrease—baby will eat more but less often. Like with breastfeeding, proper weight gain and number of wet diapers are the best indicators of whether your baby is getting enough food.

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Baby Feeding Chart: First Year

If you are exclusively formula feeding, refer to our baby feeding chart for information on how much formula to feed your baby. Our formula baby feeding chart is a guide to how much newborns should eat, along with how much formula to feed a baby after six months. But remember, these are just averages—your little one’s appetite is always the best guide to how much and how often to feed baby.

per day
per bottleper day
5 -10 59 mL (2 fl oz) - 89mL (3 fl oz) 410-800 mL (14-27 fl oz)
4-7 89 mL (3fl oz) - 150 mL (5 fl oz) 590-1050 mL (20-35. 5 fl oz)
4-5 135 mL (5 fl oz) - 205 mL (7 fl oz) 540-1030 mL (18-35 fl oz)
4-6 135 mL (5 fl oz) - 175 mL (6 fl oz) 540-960 mL (18-32 fl oz)
3-4 175 mL (6 fl oz) - 250 mL (8 fl oz) 500-750 mL (17-25 fl oz)

Tips for Transitioning to Solids

After about six months is when things usually begin to get a little bit more interesting—and varied— as far as it concerns your baby’s diet and feeding schedule, as this is when you will get to introduce and explore different solid foods. According to the Canadian Paediatric Society, there is no particular order in which you should introduce solid foods to your baby, and it does not recommend delaying any particular foods, like peanuts, in order to prevent possible allergies.

  • Start slow. Transitioning is a gradual process, and it’s important to give your baby time to adjust.
  • Start simple. Single-ingredient foods without sugar or salt will be easier on your baby’s tummy. If they have a negative reaction, it will be easy to determine the source.
  • Consider baby cereals to start. Mix one tablespoon of cereal with four tablespoons of breastmilk or formula. It will help make the transition for your baby more gradual.
  • As your baby grows more comfortable, slowly introduce vegetables, fruits and meats into their diet. Always consult your doctor before introducing a new food.
  • Avoid honey in the first year. In rare cases, it causes infant botulism. Also avoid hot dogs, peanut butter, nuts, popcorn or any other food that could be a choking hazard.
  • Feed with a spoon since this will be your one of your child’s primary utensils eventually.
  • Always serve the appropriate texture of food for your baby. He may start with pureed food, then move to mashed, chopped and finger foods as he gets older.

If you’re unsure when to begin, talk to your doctor about when is precisely the right time for your baby to start eating solid foods.

We hope we helped answer your questions on how much to feed a baby. For more information on feeding amounts, explore our Feeding Guide.

Looking for coupons, free baby products and formula samples? Join our My Family Beginnings by Enfamil A+ program today!

Tip: There are formulas for babies with special feeding needs (such as allergies or intolerances).Check out our hypoallergenic baby formula products to learn more.

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How much Enfamil formula to feed newborn:[All you need to know]

There is nothing cuter than seeing a baby feed. This isn’t even arguable!

They are just so adorable. However, the thought of not feeding your child enough food is horrifying.

Every child is different from the other, and the fact is, it is challenging to feed a baby. There is no definite or standard pattern of feeding that works with every child.

Observing your baby’s feeding pattern will help you get to know the following questions.

How much Enfamil formula your baby needs per day?

How often the bottles are administered?

When the gaping between the feeds?

Watch the video “How much Enfamil formula to feed newborn?”[4 mins 39 secs]

Children, especially newborns, tend to feed often. This is because they can only hold a small capacity of food in their tiny, little stomachs.

Newborns are fed on demand that is when they show signs of hunger. These signs could include crying, those suckling noises babies make.

Or even putting fingers in their mouths. This is an exciting way of communicating.

On average, you need to feed your newborn 8-12 times a day. That is 5 – 10 bottles a day.

After knowing this, schedule your feeding to be after every 2 to 3 hours. Ensure to observe the signs mentioned above between the hours, to avoid starving your child.

While feeding the baby using a bottle, the baby will take two to three ounces (60-90 milliliters) at each feeding in. Seek medical advice if the baby doesn’t seem interested in feeding.

If the baby seems happier, relaxed, and satisfied, produces about six to seven wet diapers daily with several stools in a day, then you do it, right friend!

You should also see that the baby sleeps peacefully and is steadily gaining weight. This is undoubtedly the signs of healthy growth.

However, if the formula milk leaves the child with a gassy stomach and aches, you should immediately call a doctor for help.

When feeding, it’s normal for a baby to swallow air. This air makes the sweet baby fussy and uncomfortable, and therefore you must burp your child while feeding them.

You’re your baby every 2-3 ounces and keep the routine when feeding your child to avoid the fussy feeling.

Now you know how much Enfamil formula you need to feed your child, when, and how.

What remains is being that awesome dad or mom to your child. Build the bond and strengthen love. As the child grows, you will notice feeding times become fewer, but the amount increases.

For example, for your newborn, 0-2 months, you will need 5-10 bottles per day, each bottle with 59 milliliters.

When the baby is 3-5 months old, the bottles reduce to 4-7, but the amount per bottle increases to 89 milliliters.

At six months, your toddler will be taking only 4-5 bottles per day, each holding 135 milliliters.

7-8 months old baby will take 4-6 bottles of Enfamil formula, each with 135 milliliters.

Do you notice the change?

Consequently, caring and loving your child is unique to every mom and dad. Only you know how best to love and care for your child.

And it begins with how you feed your child. So, do it in the best way your know-how! Good luck!

Key References

1.Baby Feeding Schedule: A Guide to the First Year. Link

2.Feeding Patterns. Link

3. How Much to Feed a Baby | Enfamil CA. Link

4. How Much and How Often to Feed Infant Formula. Link

Enfamil Premium 2 - instructions for use, description, composition

All forms of release, dosages, registration certificates, drug manufacturer, drug characteristics

Product description Enfamil Premium 2 (dry milk formula) based on official instructions, approved by the manufacturer in 19980014 Contents

  • Pharmacological group
  • Indications for ICD-10
  • Action on the body
  • Action on the body
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Dosage and administration
  • Side effects
  • Precautionary measures
  • Storage conditions
  • Best before date
  • Order in Moscow pharmacies
  • Reviews

Pharmacological group

Other dietary supplements

Baby food (including formulas)

ICD-10 indications

ICD-10 code list

  • E61. 1 Iron deficiency
  • P92 Newborn feeding problems

Effects on the body

Pharmacological action - replenishing the deficiency of vitamins and minerals , replenishing the deficiency of proteins, fats and carbohydrates .

Effects on the body

Provides the child's body with essential nutrients, vitamins, minerals and energy.


Lack or absence of mother's milk, various obstacles to breastfeeding of children aged 6 months to 1 year.



Dosage and administration

Inside. The feeding regimen is set individually, taking into account the age of the child and the clinical situation. When preparing the mixture, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the ratio of the number of measuring spoons and the volume of water indicated on the package of the preparation. The mixture is prepared immediately before each feeding of the child. The remaining diluted mixture is stored in the refrigerator and used within 24 hours after preparation.

Side effects

Allergic reactions.


Use only on medical advice. Not recommended for feeding children under 6 months of age. It should be borne in mind that with a concentrated or highly diluted mixture, the child will not receive adequate nutrition.

Storage conditions

At 5-25°C After opening, the jar is stored in a dry, cool place, tightly closed, for 1 month.
Keep out of reach of children.

Expiry date

3 years
Do not use after the expiry date which is stated on the packaging.


Natural and artificial feeding. Possible problems and ways to solve them.

Feeding is natural when the baby is fed mother's milk and artificial when it is replaced with formula for newborns.

In the maternity hospital mothers, as a rule, breastfeed their children, and then somehow it turns out that there is not enough milk, and they switch to “bottles”.

At the same time, it is a fact that rarely does a mother actually have no milk. Most often, mothers lack the patience and confidence that milk is produced during feeding, and it is difficult for a nursing baby to suck it out at first. The hormone prolactin is responsible for the amount of milk a mother has - and it is produced in response to stimulation of the nipple in the form of sucking. That is, the amount of milk can vary both up and down depending on the sucking activity of your baby. He often eats little, tired of this activity (this is hard work for him!), falls asleep and after a short time wakes up again hungry and looking for breasts. Moms lose patience, despair and switch to artificial feeding. The child quickly gets used to the bottle - it is easier to drink from it - and refuses to breastfeed.

The secretion of milk depends on the action of another hormone - oxytocin. Its action is manifested a few seconds after the start of sucking and consists in the contraction of smooth muscle cells around the lobules of the mammary gland.

The effect of oxytocin depends on the mother's emotional state. This hormone is produced before and during feeding. If at this moment the mother is scared, tired, unable to relax, oxytocin will not be formed in the proper quantities, and the muscle cells will not be able to contract and help the milk flow into the duct.

There may be enough milk, but it is poorly excreted from the breast; sometimes in this situation they say: "the milk is gone from the nerves." In fact, it does not “disappear”, but in a nervous mother it is much more difficult for a baby to suck it out. Mom should sleep well and not be nervous!

How to breastfeed correctly?

Breastfeed properly. Press the baby firmly against your tummy so that the nipple is at the level of his nose. Support the chest with your hand so that the thumb is on top, and the index and the rest are on the bottom, parallel to the child's lower lip. Wait for the baby to open its mouth wide and point the nipple up into the sky. The nipple and areola should be deep in the mouth, more below than above. The lower and upper lips turn out when sucking.

A common reason for a lack of milk is when the mother is sure that the baby is holding the breast correctly, because it does not cause her any inconvenience, but in fact the nipple latch is incorrect and the breast does not receive good stimulation.

Don't worry if your child falls asleep. Babies can breastfeed while they sleep.

Feed your baby when he wants to eat . In this case, you can be sure that the baby will receive enough milk. The appetite of a child, even such a small one, can increase and decrease, depending on the needs of his body. At any time, the baby may suddenly demand more frequent feeding for several days, which will cause an increase in milk supply accordingly. Don't immediately assume that you're running out of milk. Just feed the baby as much as he asks.

Avoid pacifiers and bottled milk whenever possible . When a baby constantly sucks on a pacifier without the goal of satiation, he may experience the so-called "bottle" sucking of the breast. The baby does not stimulate it enough, and does not wait for feeding during attachment to the breast.

Avoid other liquids. If you give a child water, infusion or, for example, dill water, then he will not finish drinking milk at least as much as he drinks other liquids. If the baby receives, for example, 150 ml of tea, he receives less than 150 ml of milk.

Feed at night! Prolactin is a "night" hormone: breast stimulation from 3 to 8 am significantly increases its production. Therefore, at night, the child eats and “regulates” the amount of milk from the mother. Enough 2-3 applications in the interval from 3 to 8 in the morning. Mom, who at first rejoices that the child does not ask for food at night, usually soon notices that by the evening there was not enough milk. If the baby has stopped waking up, wake him up at least once a night. If this requires the baby to sleep with you, make a choice in favor of natural feeding of the baby and put him next to you for the first months.

How much food does a child need?

Mothers need to know how much their baby should eat and how much he actually eats.

How much food should the child receive?

The daily amount of food for children can be determined by knowing the child's body weight:

From 2 weeks to 2 months is 1/5 of the body weight;

from 2 to 4 months - 1/6 of body weight;

from 4 to 6 months - 1/7 of body weight;

from 6 to 8 months - 1/8 body weight (but not more than 1 liter).

If a baby calmly lets go of the breast after feeding, is in a good emotional state, is actively awake for some time, and then sleeps for a long time, waking up only for the next feeding, it means that he has enough milk.

Receiving enough breast milk, the baby often urinates (up to 10-15 times a day), defecates from 1 to 6-8 times a day. His stool has a homogeneous consistency, without an unpleasant odor.

A child who receives enough mother's milk gives normal weight and height gains. Using the table above, you can calculate these numbers for your child.

Is the baby getting enough food, easy to determine if the baby is bottle feeding. However, how do you know how much he ate while breastfeeding?

The question of whether the baby has received enough food if you are breastfeeding can be answered by simply weighing the baby before and after feeding (without changing diapers or diapers).

Weighing should be carried out several times a day, as the baby does not always suck the same amount of milk. By determining the average volume of milk received per feeding, and multiplying this figure by the number of feedings, we can judge how much milk the child sucked per day. More accurate data can be obtained by weighing the baby during the day after each feeding.

What should I do if my milk starts to “waste”?

If there is not enough mother's milk, the child is supplemented with formula or donor milk.

But do not rush to resort to these measures. Unfortunately, many mothers begin to supplement their child with artificial formula, worrying that he is not full.

Milk is produced during feeding, and the less the baby sucks, the less milk will come, and soon it may disappear altogether. Therefore, take your time: you may have drawn the wrong conclusions.

For example:

The child makes sucking movements, cries, often asks for breasts. Breast milk is digested quickly (usually 1.5-2 hours), so babies need to eat more often than artificial babies. Feed more often, over time, the breasts will become less tight, and the baby will become stronger.

The baby suddenly began to suck more often and longer than usual. This happens during a growth spurt. The baby eats more, and this will increase milk production.

The child is nervous, cries, does not sleep well. This is not necessarily an indication that he is hungry. But if the mother is nervous or tired, the milk really becomes less, so the nursing mother should try to avoid negative emotions, and the rest of the family should help her in this.

Does not suck for a long time, as before. Getting older and gaining strength, children suck milk faster and better. If there are no other signs of a lack of milk, and the baby is calm, this is most likely the case.

Baby cries after feeding . Sometimes the baby may not eat enough - especially in case of improper attachment to the breast. But there are many other reasons for this behavior: it could be colic, or teething, or a desire to stay longer with mom.

Your breasts suddenly feel smaller and softer. This happens when the breasts adjust to produce the right amount of milk.

Very little milk can be expressed . Some mothers worry that after feeding milk is no longer expressed. This does not mean anything, since part of the milk is produced during feeding.

The main indicator that a baby is getting enough breast milk is calm behavior and good development.

If you are still sure that the milk is "leaving", you can try to save the day.

Try to make as much physical contact as possible with your child. Use a sling - a patchwork holder, carry the child in your arms more often, put him to sleep with you. Feed more often - at least every hour. Make as close contact as possible. You will stimulate each other: the mother of the child for more frequent suckling, he is the mother for more milk production.

It is possible that the baby will suck continuously for some time - this should not frighten you, on the contrary - most likely, the process is going in the right direction. After a week, you can carry out the first weighing. In another week, the second - so you will begin to control the increase. If it grows every week, then everything is working out. When there are 12 urinations a day, continue to put the baby on every hour for another week, then only on demand.

Milk formula

If supplementary feeding is unavoidable, it is best if it is donor milk. But, as a rule, this is a rare case, because it is very difficult to find an absolutely healthy and clean breast milk donor. In such a situation, mothers feed their children with milk mixtures. The choice of mixture is a very crucial moment.

All mixtures are divided into adapted or partially adapted. The former are more expensive, but are closer to the composition of breast milk.

Mixtures are unleavened and acidophilic (sour milk) .

Mixture based on cow's milk. Sometimes - goat, but it is not at all more useful for a child, since the milk protein of both goats and cows are equally far from the protein of human milk.

Sometimes the basis is soy milk, and it is used for individual intolerance to milk, but you should always remember that soy is a vegetable protein, and now almost all soy is genetically modified, so it is hardly worth replacing breast milk with it without serious reasons.

The most common imported blends in our trade include Swiss Nan, Dutch Nutrilon and Frisolak, American Enfamil, Finnish Bona, Tutteli and Piltti.

Mixture information is usually printed on the packaging. Should be a percentage of casein and whey protein. The best mixtures preserve not only both components, but also the ratio between them.

The age of the child for whom the mixture is intended is indicated by the numbers 1, 2 and 3, which means that the mixture is intended for a child up to six months, up to a year and over a year. When reading the composition of carbohydrates, pay attention to the presence and quantitative content of sucrose. If it is, this is not the best mixture for your baby. A child up to a year needs lactose. It is acceptable to replace it with a mixture of fructose and glucose.

In any case, check with your pediatrician before taking any medication. There are also adapted preventive and curative mixtures . These are mixtures with special thickeners to prevent regurgitation and flatulence ("Frisovoy", "Nutrilon Antireflux", "Samper Lemolak"), mixtures with bifidogenic additives to prevent constipation and dysbacteriosis ("Samper Bifidus"), mixtures for premature babies ("Alprem" , Frisopre, Enfalak).
A special group is made up of mixtures for children suffering from food allergies to cow's milk, prepared on the basis of soy: Similak Izomil, Enfamil Soya, Adsoy, Soy Samp, Humana SL.

However, some children may have soy intolerance. In such cases, it is proposed to use specialized mixtures based on partially digested milk proteins (hydrolysates): Nutramigen, Frisopep, Pregestimil, Alfare.

How to use formula milk?

Only as instructed. Some mothers increase the amount of dry mix, "to make it more satisfying." This is unacceptable, since the composition of the mixtures is balanced, and if you violate the ratio indicated on the package, you risk overfeeding the baby. In addition, the composition of the mixtures includes a complex of vitamins and microelements, an overdose of which will have an extremely negative impact on the health and development of the child.

For the same reason, you should ALWAYS inform your local pediatrician about what mixtures and how much you give your baby as supplementary food.

What is complementary foods?

A child of the first year of life receives complementary foods in addition to milk and milk formulas.

Thus, ordinary products are gradually introduced into the child's diet, gradually replacing milk and milk formulas.

In order to notice the child's intolerance to any products in time, parents are advised to conduct food diary , which records all the foods he uses for the first time and describes the reaction to them, including the criterion of like or dislike, as well as manifestations of allergic reactions and manifestations of diathesis (reddening of the cheeks, vomiting, rashes, fever).

Basic rules for complementary foods

Complementary foods start at 3-3.5 months.

The first complementary meal is fruit juices, followed by fruit purees and vegetable purees. It should consist of steamed vegetables.

Complementary foods are given before breastfeeding and, starting with 1-2 teaspoons, gradually increase the portion. It is advisable to introduce no more than one new product in 2-3 days so that if an allergic reaction occurs, you will know exactly what it is for.

The second meal of complementary food, porridge, can be given after the child has become accustomed to vegetable puree, i.

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