Gerber baby food manufacturing

Where is Gerber Baby Food Manufactured? |


Gerber Baby Food is made in Cincinnati, OH. It’s the only baby food brand that’s “Made in America” by American workers.

Gerber is one of the most well-known baby food brands in America, with over 57 billion jars sold since 1922. The company’s factories are located primarily in Ohio and Minnesota.

Gerber baby food is made in the USA.

Baby food from Gerber

Gerber, once an American business headquartered in Michigan, is currently owned by Nestle, a Swiss company (OTC:NSRGY). Although some Gerber baby food is manufactured in the United States, such as infant formulae, the bulk of Gerber baby food is produced outside of the country.

In addition, where is the Gerber baby food plant located?

The United States Gerber Products Company is a baby food and product manufacturer based in Florham Park, New Jersey, with intentions to move to Arlington, Virginia. Nestlé has a subsidiary called Gerber.

Is Gerber baby food and Gerber knives made by the same company? Gerber Items Company is a baby food and baby goods manufacturer based in. newborn and infant nutritional products. Gerber knives are produced by a different business than Gerber baby food, and the two are unrelated save for a common name.

In a similar vein, how is Gerber baby food made?

Approximately 70% to 80% of the meals we consume in the United States include components derived from genetically modified crops. More than 150 Gerber® meals are now produced without the use of genetically modified substances. Many of your favorite Gerber® products are included, including the complete Gerber® Organic product range and all Gerber® fruit and vegetable baby food purees.

Where does the Earth’s Best baby food come from?

The organic baby formulae from Earth’s Best® are made and packaged in the United States.

Answers to Related Questions

Is Gerber infant food safe to consume?

After the infant food research, Gerber claims that safety is the first priority. FREMONT (Michigan) — According to Gerber, a research that identified harmful metals in infant meals from major manufacturers is causing unwarranted food safety worries.

What is the composition of infant food?

Pureed vegetables and fruits, sometimes combined with rice cereal and formula, or breastmilk, are the first foods that babies consume. Small, soft bits or lumps may be added as the baby’s chewing ability improves.

What is the correct way to say Gerber?

g-uh-r-b-uh-r. Gerber has 1 meaning and 10 sentences. [german] 1 ‘Gerber’ is a German noun that meaning ‘tanner’ in English.

What is the name of the infant that eats Gerber baby food?

The Gerber baby, however, is Ann Turner Cook. She was a four-month-old infant when the drawing was made, and she lived in the same Connecticut neighborhood as artist Dorothy Hope Smith. Ann Turner Cook went on to become a mystery writer and an English teacher.

Nestle is owned by which corporation?

Which brands and items do you own? Almost every food and beverage category is included in our portfolio. KitKat, Nescafé, Milo, Nestea, Nesquik, Maggi, Herta, Purina, and Nespresso are just a few of our well-known brands.

Who is the owner of Gerber?

Nestlé, the world’s biggest food business, said today that it has agreed to pay $5.5 billion for Gerber, a baby food manufacturer. Novartis of Switzerland owns Gerber, which is known for its “Gerber Baby” advertising. Novartis has been selling noncore companies in recent years to concentrate on health care.

What is the value of the Gerber baby?

The Gerber Baby is worth a lot of money.

Ann Turner Cook’s net worth is estimated to be in the millions of dollars.

Gerber 3rd Foods: What Happened?

Gerber has ceased production of stage 3 infant meals and is instead offering “Mix & Match,” a new product. Many special needs youngsters, on the other hand, dislike this new product and will only consume stage 3 “Lil Bits” baby food.

Is it preferable to prepare or purchase baby food?

Homemade Baby Food: What Are the Benefits of Doing It Yourself?

It is less expensive than purchasing pre-packaged meals (although some parents note that this is not always the case). Instead than depending on the tastes selected by producers, they may pick their own fruits, vegetables, and other items for purees.

What is the healthiest brand of baby food?

  • Overall, Happy Baby Organic Baby Food comes out on top.
  • Plum Organics Baby Food is the best value for money.
  • Ella’s Kitchen Organic Baby Food is the most widely available.
  • Once Upon a Farm Organic Baby Food is the most creative name.
  • Sprout Organic Baby Food has the best flavor combinations.
  • Peter Rabbit Organics Baby Food is best for older babies.

What is the age range for stage 1 infant food?

6 months

What is the greatest baby food brand?

Tots (and Moms!) Will Love These 11 Packaged Baby Foods Will You Like It?

  • Organic Quinoa Baby Cereal from Nurturme.
  • The Best Stage 1 Foods on the Planet.
  • Plum Organics Baby Bowls, Stage 2
  • Yobaby Organic Whole Milk Yogurt from Stonyfield.
  • Super Smooth Puree from Ella’s Kitchen.
  • Amara is a brand of organic baby food.
  • Pouches of Beech-Nut ColdpuréeTM
  • Rice Rusks with a Baby Mum-Mum.

Who is the owner of Earth’s Best?

Celestial Group Hain

Is there arsenic in Earth’s Best?

We evaluated over 100 cereals from a variety of well-known brands, including Gerber, Earth’s Best, Beech-Nut, Nestlé, and five others, produced from a variety of grains (including rice). In rice grains tested in 2016 and 2017, we discovered 85 parts per billion of arsenic, compared to 103 parts per billion reported by the FDA in 2013 and 2014.

What is the composition of Earth’s Best diapers?

TenderCare® Chlorine Free Disposable Diapers from Earth’s Best are available in seven sizes and feature breathable sides to provide a great fit and comfort for your baby. They’re produced using maize and wheat starch, both of which are renewable resources.

What is the finest organic baby food?

The Most Effective Organic Baby Formula

  • Organic Oatmeal Baby Cereal from Happy Bellies.
  • Organic Quinoa and Banana Infant Cereal from NurturMe.
  • Organic Simply Baby Food Sampler from Pure Spoon.
  • Fruit and vegetable puree from Peter Rabbit Organics.
  • Baby Bowls from Plum Organics.
  • Organic Stage 2 Meals from Ella’s Kitchen.
  • Organic Baby Food Pouches from Sprout.

Why does baby food keep for such a long time?

Because infants don’t need a lot of calories, but they do require a lot of nutrients. It’s simple for them to get too satiated on junk food’s empty calories. It just gets worse. As a result, producers have designed their baby food to have a lengthy shelf life (up to many years in some instances!).

Do baby food pouches on aircraft explode?

Keep them in a zip-lock bag so that you don’t wind up with food splattered all over your baggage if they burst (for whatever reason). While an explosion of baby food pouches on a flight may not seem like a big deal, other difficulties may cause problems on your trip. One of them is airport security.

Gerber baby food is manufactured by Nestle. The company was founded in 1887 and has been producing food since the late 1800s. Reference: who owns gerber baby food.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Gerber baby food made in USA?

A: Yes.

Where is Gerber baby food factory?

A: Gerber baby food is not a factory, its a company. The name Gerber comes from the founder of the company, Alois Gerber. He was born in 1885 and died in 1948

What baby food is made in the USA?

A: Baby food made in the USA is usually labeled as Made In The USA. Always check to make sure, though!

Related Tags
  • is gerber baby food made in china
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  • is gerber baby food safe 2022
  • where is earth’s best baby food made

Looking back at Asheville, NC’s Gerber baby food factory - AVLtoday

Photo courtesy of Buncombe County Special Collections.

Table of Contents


When you think of baby food, what comes to mind? If you’re a native to the region, there’s a good chance you think of Gerber, which had a baby food factory here for 40 years located where the Gerber Village shopping center stands today in South Asheville. Let’s wander down memory lane, shall we?

The Gerber company was founded in Freemont, Michigan in 1927 and made its way to Asheville in 1958. Construction on the 45-acre plant site began in 1958, and the nearly 300,000-square foot production area began operation Nov. 16, 1959. During its time in operation, it not only employed hundreds of workers — including some 700 people in its heyday — it acted as an important part of the community by sponsoring blood drives + art exhibits, as well as offering college scholarships to employees and their children. The Gerber plant was also a popular field trip destination.

Gerber Products Co. I Photo courtesy of Buncombe County Special Collections.

The plant was also a major supporter of area farmers. In fact, officials quoted in a Jan. 25, 1959 piece in the Asheville Citizen-Times said area produce + poultry farmers received over $1.5 million annually from the company. Gerber was a major customer of Henderson County’s apple crops, and the company also purchased copious amounts of regionally produced sweet potatoes, peaches, pears, peas + more — enough to process 2.1 million jars of food a day.

Area students tour the Gerber plant. I Photo courtesy of Buncombe County Special Collections.

A 1959 Citizen-Times article noted that area produce and poultry farmers received over $1.5 million annually from the company. Major crops included Henderson County apples, plus sweet potatoes, peaches, pears, peas + more — enough to process 2. 1 million jars of food a day. Official + colloquial accounts note the Asheville plant’s efficient production schedule, including observations that it outperformed other plants. So employees were understandably confused when they got word in 1997 that the plant would shutter its doors in 1998.

Guests were given a commemorative spoon after touring the facility. I Photo courtesy of Vera Westall.

One of the few area plants that never had major layoffs, the news of closure was hard for workers, despite being given 10 months of notice and assistance from Gerber in the form of job training opportunities, including computer instruction. The company also opened a Career Center in April 1998 to help those laid off find new employment. Many workers lamented the difficulty + improbability of finding a comparable salary in the area (Gerber paid an hourly wage of $12-$15).

So why did Gerber decide to close its Asheville location? Company officials cited the lack of room for expansion, the declining birth rate, and a diminished demand for baby food. While the site was sold in 2011 and went on to become a thriving mixed-use development, locals still miss the factory and the sense of community it held for employees + customers alike — some even miss the smell of baby food in the air (especially banana).

Special thanks to the staff of Pack Memorial Library‘s Buncombe County Special Collections and everyone in the “You know you grew up in Asheville, North Carolina if....” Facebook group for their help.

rating of the top 10 Russian and foreign brands with reviews according to KP

Goods for children are always under special quality control. Including food. After all, food for a baby is not only a way to satisfy hunger, but also acquaintance with different tastes and a guarantee of healthy development (1). Today there are many different brands. Among them, we selected the best manufacturers of baby food, based on the reviews of parents and expert opinions.

Rating of the top 5 Russian baby food manufacturers according to KP

There are many popular brands among Russian manufacturers of baby food. Basically, various purees, juices, cereals and dairy products are presented on the market. There are also formulas for babies, but in smaller quantities. The popularity of food is due to high quality and rather low (in comparison with foreign analogues) price.

1. "Agusha"

"Agusha". Photo:

Agusha is one of the most popular manufacturers of baby food in Russia. The trademark appeared in 1992 and has a wide range of products for children of all ages. Newborns are offered powdered milk formulas, babies from 4 months - a variety of purees, sour-milk products, water, older children - ready-made cereals (both dairy and non-dairy), juices, fruit drinks, compotes and fruit bars for a snack.

Thanks to the availability and variety of products, the manufacturer is confidently holding onto the Russian market. The safety and quality of Agushi is also confirmed by some neutral studies. For example, fruit cottage cheese, as well as kefir from this brand, received the highest rating from Roskachestvo (2, 3).

However, some parents are confused by the rather high price of certain items.

The main characteristics
Manufacturer Pepsico Russia
Assortment puree, Dry Milk mixes, porridge, fruit bars , recommended ages C Founded 1992
Pros and cons

There are mixtures in the product line; a wide range of.

High price for some items.

2. FrutoNyanya

FrutoNyanya. Photo:

FrutoNyanya baby food brand products are distinguished by a wide range and wide distribution in stores. Among the products of the brand you can find: a variety of cereals (with additives in the form, for example, pieces of fruit or without them), vegetable, fruit and meat purees, water, dairy products, juices, fruit drinks and nectars, snacks. For children prone to acute reactions to certain products, a special line of hypoallergenic food is offered.

Some of the brand's products have received high ratings from Roskachestvo, for example, biocurd, buckwheat porridge (4, 5).

Nutrition from this brand is designed for both the first complementary foods and for babies after a year. The composition contains salt and sugar, which are not recommended for children under one year old.

Main characteristics
Manufacturer Progress
Assortment purees, drinks, soups, snacks, cereals, snacks, water
Recommended age from 0 months
Founded 2000
Pros and cons
There are hypoallergenic products.

May contain allergenic ingredients (eg sugar).

3. "Grandmother's Lukoshko"

"Grandmother's Lukoshko". Photo: ru

The manufacturer has been present on the Russian market since 1999. The main product is a variety of purees, which are available in glass jars and soft packs. For example, apple puree from this brand received the highest rating from Roskachestvo in all analysis criteria and was awarded the Quality Mark (6).

For older children, prepared meals, meatballs, healthy snacks such as fruit lozenges and biscuits are available. Also, "Babushkino Lukoshko" produces children's herbal teas. Salt in some products is not always welcomed by parents.

The main characteristics
manufacturer "Sivma"
Assortment puree, finished lunch, drinks, fruit pastures
Recommended age from 4 months
Founded 1999
Pros and cons

Relatively low price in the segment; varied products.

There may be undesirable auxiliary components in the formulation (eg salt).

4. "Subject"

"Subject". Photo:

"Theme" offers products for children from 4 months to 3 years. The assortment includes a variety of meat, fish and vegetable purees, dairy products, ready meals and juices. But fruit purees are not presented. Packaging 一 is one of the distinguishing features of the brand. Thanks to special tin cans, the products are reliably protected from sunlight, which prolongs the shelf life. Also, many products of the brand are available in non-spill packages, so it is convenient to take them with you on the road. According to the results of the research, cottage cheese and juice "Theme" received the highest rating from Roskachestvo (7, 8).

The main characteristics
Manufacturer "Danon Russia"
Assortment puree, dairy products
Pros and cons

Innovative packaging; high meat content.

There are no fruit products in the assortment.

5. Diaper

Diaper. Photo:

All ingredients for production are supplied from our own farm. The manufacturer claims that thanks to this, it is possible to set fairly low prices for products.

The potential buyer is offered fruit and vegetable purees (some with cottage cheese), soups, various juices and fruit drinks, as well as water. Some of the products are hypoallergenic. The composition does not contain unnecessary components: salt, sugar and preservatives. Meat and fish products are not represented in the product line.

The main characteristics
Manufacturer "Gardens Podonya"
Assortment puree, cream-soups, cereal
Recommended age C 40 months of ° Cite. 2005
Pros and cons

Low price in the segment; simple and clear structure.

Lack of meat and fish products in the assortment.

Rating of the top 5 foreign manufacturers of baby food according to KP

There are many foreign companies that produce baby food on the Russian market. A century of history, many years of experience and a good reputation helps to supply the market with quality products, which are preferred by many parents.

1. Gerber

Gerber. Photo:

The assortment of the American manufacturer includes products for children from 4 months. In supermarkets and online sites, you can find vegetable and fruit purees, cereals, healthy snacks, juices, and desserts (cottage cheese treats, smoothies, and others). Hypoallergenic food is also provided. For example, dairy-free buckwheat porridge of this brand is highly appreciated by Roskachestvo experts, who noted the safe composition of the product without dangerous and harmful substances, including no added sugars (9).

The manufacturer claims that the high prices are due to the corresponding quality, which is ensured by strict standards and adherence to technology.

The main characteristics
Manufacturer Nestle
Assortment puree, porridge, snacks, desserts
Recommended ° from 4 months from 4 months СО 4 months of from 4 months of
Founded 1927
Pros and cons

Hypoallergenic products; natural composition; high quality.

High price in the baby food segment.

2. HiPP

HiPP. Photo:

German manufacturer's products are suitable for children from birth. Infants are offered hypoallergenic powdered milk formulas enriched with vitamins. For feeding - various purees, cream soups, cereals, and as a snack for older children - snacks and dairy desserts.

Meals are made exclusively from natural ingredients, without added sugar. The high price, according to the manufacturer, is due to the use of special technologies and high-quality products.

The main characteristics
9 months 9 months 9 months 9.0025
manufacturer HIPP
Assortment puree, cereals, drinks, snacks, dry dairy mixtures
Recommended age
Country of origin Germany
Founded 1957
Pros and cons

Natural composition; There are baby formulas in the assortment.

High price of products.

3. Fleur Alpine

Fleur Alpine. Photo:

Natural baby food of premium quality. The range includes purees, cereals, cookies and juices - both regular and for children prone to allergies or intolerant to gluten. In addition to the usual products, the manufacturer offers olive oil (from 6 months) and sauces (from 3 years).

From time to time, the products of this brand come under the attention of experts from Roskachestvo and Roskontrol. For example, Three cereals porridge showed excellent results: a good composition with dietary fiber and no foreign impurities, the appropriate taste, color and smell (10), and buckwheat porridge meets the advanced standards of Roskachestvo, except for the increased protein content (11).

Not all products on the official website can be purchased in a regular store. However, they can be purchased on marketplaces.

High price; Not all brand products are easy to find on offline sites.

4. Semper

Semper. Photo:

The Swedish company offers a wide range of products for children of all ages. Dry milk formulas are suitable for newborns, and there are even specialized ones that are best used for constipation. Some of them are designed for babies older than six months. For crumbs older than 4 months, the manufacturer offers a variety of vegetable, meat, fish and fruit purees, cereals, juices and children's tea with vitamins. In addition to the usual products for children, there are wellings — oatmeal and multi-cereal porridges with natural additives, cookies, and meatballs.

Roskachestvo examined this brand's applesauce and, apart from its high carbohydrate content (higher than indicated on the package), found no drawbacks (12). In addition, some purees contain starch.

The main characteristics
° 0 months0025
Manufacturer Hero Group
Assortment Dairy mixtures, puree, cereals, drinks, cookies
Recommended age ° 0 months
Country of origin Sweden
Founded 1963
Pros and cons

There are mixtures in the product line interesting combinations of flavors.

High price in the segment; the presence of starch in the puree; the product according to BJU may differ from that stated on the package.

5. Heinz

Heinz. Photo:

American food company offers a wide range of products at affordable prices. There are fruit, vegetable and meat purees, cereals (dairy and non-dairy), soups and drinks. As a healthy snack for babies from 5 months, special cookies are suitable, and fruit and cream puddings will be a great dessert for older children. You can also find a special vermicelli that will suit crumbs from 6 months. The manufacturer's porridges received the highest rating from Roskachestvo (13). However, some products contain sugar and starch, which many parents of babies do not approve of.

The main characteristics
C C C 9 months .
Manufacturer Heinz
Assortment puree, soups, vermichel, pudding, cookies, tea
Recommended age USA
Year of Manufacture 1869
Pros and Cons

Product contains prebiotics; affordable price in the segment of baby food from foreign manufacturers.

Some products contain sugar and starch.

How to choose the right baby food

A child's menu may differ from another baby's diet, not only due to age, but also due to health conditions (for example, a tendency to constipation or a dairy allergy) and personal preferences. However, the first thing to consider is age. It’s also important to keep in mind that babies under one year of age should be free of salt and sugar additives (14). Certain positions deserve some explanation.

Milk formulas

Designed for feeding babies. In fact, they are designed to become an alternative to mother's milk. For the full development of the crumbs, it is necessary that vitamins and trace elements are present in the composition.

Canned puree

Introduced from 4 months. There are fruit, vegetable, meat and fish options. Combinations are also possible. For the first feeding, it is recommended to choose one-component purees from vegetables or fruits.


Porridges, as well as mashed potatoes, are recommended to be offered to a baby from 4 months. Thanks to the special processing of cereals, baby porridge is easily boiled, which significantly saves cooking time.

Nectars, juices

You can give your baby juice or nectar from the age of 4 months. As long as it doesn't contain sugar. If available, it is better to wait at least up to 1 year.

Reviews of doctors about manufacturers of baby food

一 Baby food is becoming an object of special attention on the part of the state and parents, 一 says pediatrician Ekaterina Mikhaltsova . - The main advantages of industrial products and dishes are ease of use, balanced composition and minimal cooking time. However, you must strictly follow the age recommendations and cooking rules indicated on the labels.

- Dairy products and baby food in particular are complex production products where quality control is essential at all stages. Therefore, it is better to trust large manufacturers, - explains sanitary doctor Nikolai Dubinin . - It is important to pay attention to the composition and, before offering the child, taste the food yourself. In general, doctors agree that commercially produced baby food is no worse than home-cooked. And some are even better, due to supplements in the form of vitamins and trace elements.

Popular questions and answers

We answer the most common questions about baby food together with pediatrician Ekaterina Mikhaltsova and sanitary doctor, epidemiologist Nikolai Dubinin.

How to choose food for the first feeding?

Pediatricians recommend starting the first complementary foods with vegetable puree. Fruits contain a large amount of fructose, which can irritate the lining of the stomach and other organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Of course, the parent himself can boil and grind vegetables to a puree-like consistency, but it is easier to purchase products in the store, since baby food is made in compliance with special technologies, taking into account all the rules and regulations.

Another question is how to choose a brand among such a variety of baby foods. The best solution is to stick with a well-known brand. Large companies care about their reputation, and therefore strictly follow all established quality standards and do not violate production technology.

The next step is to study the information on the label, make sure the quality, evaluate the following indicators:

Natural composition. Preservatives, salt, sugar and other ingredients should not be present in the composition (at least in products for children under 1 year old).
Consistency (grinding quality). A good puree should be smooth and without lumps.
Multi or single ingredient . The first puree should contain only one ingredient. The child should get used to a certain vegetable, after which it will be possible to introduce others, adding each one in turn, so that the baby gets used to everything individually.
Hypoallergenic product. Formula must not contain ingredients that can cause an allergic reaction.
Package integrity . It is important to inspect the container in detail for dents, scratches or cracks (chips). Tightness must be observed. Don't forget to check the production date.
Appropriate for the age of the child . The age for which this or that product is designed is usually indicated on the packaging in compliance with the recommendations of pediatricians.

When all these factors are taken into account, it can be said that the product is really suitable for the child and will not cause side effects (15).

Which of the Russian manufacturers should I pay attention to?

Baby food brand Agusha has been producing products for over 30 years. The assortment has everything you need for a complete diet for kids: dairy products, cereals, fruit, vegetable and meat purees, juices and compotes. The company produces safe, hypoallergenic, complete nutrition for children of all ages. High-quality substitutes for breast milk and subsequent complementary foods are also produced. It is also recommended to pay attention to the manufacturers "FrutoNyanya" and "Theme".

What composition should healthy baby food contain?

When choosing puree in jars, pay attention to the composition. The ingredients should be natural, a good option (especially for younger kids) if the puree is a one-component puree - a fruit or vegetable plus water. Please note that the product does not contain salt, flour, starch, dyes and preservatives, and is not too diluted with water. The vegetable itself may contain starch, but its additional additives are very undesirable.


  1. Once again about baby food. Ladodo K. S. 2003.
  2. Roskachestvo rating. Children's cottage cheese "Agusha". URL:
  3. Roskachestvo rating. Children's kefir "Agusha". URL:
  4. Roskachestvo rating. Biocurd "FrutoNyanya". URL:
  5. Roskachestvo rating. Buckwheat porridge "FrutoNyanya". URL:
  6. Roskachestvo rating. Apple puree "Babushkino Lukoshko" URL:
  7. Roskachestvo rating. Biocurd "Theme". URL:
  8. Roskachestvo rating. Apple juice "Theme". URL:
  9. Roskachestvo rating. Buckwheat porridge Gerber. URL:
  10. Roskachestvo rating. Porridge "Three cereals" Fleur Alpine. URL:
  11. Roskachestvo rating. Buckwheat porridge Fleur Alpine. URL:
  12. Roskachestvo rating. Applesauce Semper. URL:
  13. Roskachestvo rating. Buckwheat porridge Heinz. URL:
  14. Baby food safety. Zakharova I.N., Aisanova M.R. 2019.
  15. Classification of baby food products, requirements for their quality and safety. Georgieva O.V., Pyrieva E.A., Kon I.Ya. 2018.

United States will take military action against infant formula

Problems with baby food in the United States provoked by the recall of a large manufacturer of products from a plant in Michigan after infecting four babies with subsequent hospitalization / TANNEN MAURY / EPA / TASS

That the situation with access to baby food, including medical, is generally threatening around the world, warned the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) on May 18. According to him, the cost of life-saving food for children who suffer from malnutrition will increase by 16% against the backdrop of the situation in Ukraine. In the next six months, 600,000 children around the world may be left without the necessary treatment, according to UNICEF. We are talking about special mixtures of high-calorie pasta with peanuts, butter, sugar and nutrients.

The situation has become critical even in the USA. President Joe Biden on Wednesday, May 18, took emergency measures to facilitate manufacturers' access to ingredients for infant formula. The deficit was created due to a three-month suspension of production of this product by the leading company in the country's market and the fourth in the world - Abbott Nutrition after complaints of microorganism poisoning. To stabilize the situation with access to baby food, Biden applied the Defense Production Act (DPA), passed in 1950 against the backdrop of the Korean War.

The use of DPA will allow prioritized redistribution of raw materials for the production of baby food and will create the possibility of accelerated import of products conforming to US standards from abroad by transport aircraft of US Department of Defense commercial contractors.

Biden turned to this law after a group of congressmen, both Democrats and Republicans, turned to him with the corresponding demand on May 17. The appeal was supported by both houses of Congress.

"Giving firms to prioritize and allocate production of key baby food ingredients will help boost production and speed up supply chains," the White House said in a statement. The US Department of Defense will use its commercial air freight contracts, "as it did to transport materials in the early months of the coronavirus pandemic," to transport products from facilities overseas. "Bypassing scheduled air travel routes will expedite the import and distribution of infant formula," the White House said in a press release. Previously, CNBC sources at the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) named Chile, Ireland, Mexico and the Netherlands as potential suppliers.

600,000 children around the world

could be left without needed treatment in the next six months, according to UNICEF

Baby food problems in the US prompted a recall by major manufacturer Abbott Nutrition of products manufactured at a plant in Sturgis, Michigan, in mid-February . This came after four infants were poisoned in a number of states after being infected with salmonella and the bacterium Cronobacter sakazakii and subsequently hospitalized, two of whom died. The FDA regulator had complaints about the production process at the company’s plant back in October 2021.

The FDA and the manufacturer launched investigations, with the regulator ordering a recall of all Similac PM 60/40, Similac, Alimentum and EleCare brand blends that expired April 1, 2022. The company also had to suspend production for three months. No new cases of infection, with the exception of four in February, were recorded. On Monday, May 16, Abbott Nutrition reached an agreement with the FDA to allow production to resume at the Sturgis plant by hiring independent experts to ensure it is manufactured to approved standards. At the same time, the resumption of production does not promise to be fast. Abbott said it would take up to two weeks to reopen a Michigan facility and up to eight weeks for blends to be in stores across the US.

Abbott Nutrition, along with Mead Johnson Nutrition, Nestle USA and Perrigo, are key US baby food manufacturers. During the first week of May, 43% of infant formula was out of stock and in stores across the US, according to Datasembly, a company that tracks retail data. This roughly corresponds to Abbott Nutrition's share of the US baby food market, according to USDA estimates. As of early 2022, Abbott Nutrition was also the world's fourth-leading baby food manufacturer, according to Industry Research.

DPA appeared in 1950 and since then has been repeatedly supplemented, continuing to operate until now. In general, the idea of ​​the law is to give the President of the United States the right to require businesses to take actions that are necessary for national security, says Igor Slabykh, a lawyer practicing in the United States. And it is not only about military or economic security. Even such loose wording as "ensuring the national welfare" is also part of national security, Slabykh notes.

The lawyer recalled that since the beginning of the law, it has been applied about 50 times and this has been done by almost every US president. Both Donald Trump and Barack Obama applied the law immediately before Biden, Slabykh says. Trump used the law to demand priority production of ventilators early in the pandemic. Obama used the law to counter cyber threats from China. Biden himself has also already managed to use the law to increase the production of protective equipment that is used during the pandemic, as well as to produce a vaccine against COVID-19., says the lawyer.

The fact that Biden activated the Law on Defense Production speaks of an emergency, says Dmitry Suslov, deputy director of the HSE CCEMI. The shortage of milk formula is also associated with inflation - citizens simply sweep away the most important goods from the shelves. The problem of inflation is now of great concern to Americans, and it is precisely this that can become the main reason for the Democrats to lose in the midterm elections in November 2022, Suslov believes. In the fight against inflation, the Biden administration is failing, and it is no longer able to shift the arrows to Russia. Now Biden's rhetoric about "Putin's price increase" causes only irritation and laughter in the American public, the expert concludes.

In Russia, as Kommersant reported citing sources, in early March, a threat of a shortage of infant formula was recorded. According to the interlocutors of the publication, baby food manufacturers, in particular Nestle, notified retail chains about the depletion of raw materials. They attributed this to the failure of supplies from Europe. In parallel, demand, according to the sources of the newspaper, then jumped by 250%. At that time, problems had already arisen with powdered milk mixtures, as well as fruit puree, the sources of the newspaper say. On March 6, Tatyana Butskaya, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Family, Women and Children, announced numerous complaints about rising prices for breast milk substitutes.

On March 17, Rosstat announced an increase in prices for baby food by more than 4% in the first week of March alone. The Federal Antimonopoly Service then explained the rise in prices by the cancellation of promotions by manufacturers, thanks to which mixtures could be bought at a discount of up to 50%. In March, according to Rosstat, prices for children's canned vegetables increased by 7.2-12%. In April, a significant increase in prices for baby food was recorded in certain regions, for example, in the Sverdlovsk region in the middle of the month they increased by more than 7%, according to the regional statistical office. At the end of March, baby food manufacturers (Gerber, Nan Optipro, Nestogen) warned of a possible increase in prices for their products in Russia by up to 20–30% due to logistics difficulties amid sanctions.

At the beginning of April, the newspaper reported on the emergence of another factor in the shortage of baby food. So, on April 11, Russia introduced tougher measures of veterinary control over the import of products into the country.

However, by the beginning of May, the growth rate of prices for baby food in Russia as a whole slowed down to a range of 1%.

Although there are supply chain and logistics problems that are common around the world, the problem with the lack of baby food in the United States is a local issue related to the problems of American production, says Mikhail Burmistrov, CEO of Infoline Analytics. In Russia, the price pressure obviously remains, the expert agreed, in the segment of dairy products, prices for baby food are growing. But there is no systemic shortage of infant formula, except for the moments associated with those companies that limited the supply of certain brands to Russia, says Burmistrov. The March rise in prices was largely associated in Russia with massive rush demand amid panic due to anti-Russian sanctions in connection with the situation in Ukraine. Now, according to Burmistrov, it is not systematically visible that there is a sharp deterioration in the situation.

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